Maku, Iran

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For the village in Bushehr Province, see Maku, Bushehr. For the village in Fars Province, see Makuyeh. For other places, see Maku.
Maku free zone
منطقه آزاد ماكو
city
Panoramic view
Panoramic view
Maku free zone is located in Iran
Maku free zone
Maku free zone
Coordinates: 39°17′43″N 44°31′00″E / 39.29528°N 44.51667°E / 39.29528; 44.51667Coordinates: 39°17′43″N 44°31′00″E / 39.29528°N 44.51667°E / 39.29528; 44.51667
Country  Iran
Province West Azerbaijan
County Maku
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 41,865
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Maku (Persian: ماكو‎; also Romanized as Mākū)[1] is a city in the West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 41,865, in 10,428 families.[2]

It is situated 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the Turkish border in a mountain gorge at an altitude of 1634 metres. The Zangmar River cuts through the city.[3][4] Maku Free Trade and Industrial Zone is Iran’s largest and the world’s second largest free trade zone and will encompass an area of 5000 square km when it will open in 2011.

History[edit]

Maku was the capital of a Kangarli Khanate[5] one of numerous small, semi-independent Khanates that resulted from the breakup of the Safavid empire in the 17th century.[6]

The city is well known in Bahá'í history for its fort where the Báb had been exiled to and imprisoned for nine months. At this fortress Mullá Husayn, the first Disciple of the Báb, arrived on Náw-Rúz of the year 1848 to see the Báb.

Climate[edit]

Maku has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) owing to its location in the rain shadow of the Zagros Mountains. The city is hot and dry in the summer, and cold with little snow in the winter. Most precipitation comes from spring thunderstorms.

Climate data for Maku, Iran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
14.0
(57.2)
23.0
(73.4)
27.5
(81.5)
30.6
(87.1)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.8
(100)
34.2
(93.6)
28.0
(82.4)
20.8
(69.4)
19.0
(66.2)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
15.4
(59.7)
19.9
(67.8)
25.2
(77.4)
29.4
(84.9)
29.6
(85.3)
24.9
(76.8)
17.5
(63.5)
9.8
(49.6)
2.9
(37.2)
15.47
(59.85)
Average low °C (°F) −7.4
(18.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
−1
(30)
5.5
(41.9)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
17.2
(63)
17.2
(63)
12.5
(54.5)
7.1
(44.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
5.35
(41.63)
Record low °C (°F) −22
(−8)
−23
(−9)
−22
(−8)
−8
(18)
0.0
(32)
4.0
(39.2)
8.0
(46.4)
9.4
(48.9)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−15.3
(4.5)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−23
(−9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.512)
19.9
(0.783)
30.4
(1.197)
37.1
(1.461)
54.5
(2.146)
39.6
(1.559)
14.8
(0.583)
11.5
(0.453)
10.2
(0.402)
25.7
(1.012)
20.9
(0.823)
16.9
(0.665)
294.5
(11.596)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.5 4.0 5.7 7.1 9.8 6.8 3.2 2.0 1.9 5.0 4.6 3.9 57.5
 % humidity 65 59 53 46 46 40 37 36 36 46 54 65 48.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 126.5 146.2 181.2 185.7 230.4 290.2 327.0 322.5 274.8 199.9 162.6 119.7 2,566.7
Source: Synoptic Stations Statistics
The beauty of Maku- Shirzadeh
Kakh Muzeh Maku, near Maku, built by one of the commanders of Mozzafar-al-Din Shah, is a popular attraction.

Population[edit]

According to the 2006 census, the city has a population of 42.500 The languages in Maku are Persian, Azerbaijani and also Kurdish

  1. Baqcheh Jooq Palace: dates back to the end of the Qajar period. It used to be the house of the local governor until 1974. It is 7 km northwest of central Maku and presently functions as a museum displaying some carpets and local handicrafts.
  2. Farhad's Home: A place near Baqcheh Jooq Palace. A small home with a hall and two rooms that carved into the rock. The saying comes form the story Farhad and Shirin.
  3. Ruins of a fortress are folded into a ledge of the high cliff that towers above the town centre.[7]
  4. Hiking : it is advisable to have a guide or stay within eyesight of the town. Due to its proximity to the Turkish border, it is easy to cross the border unintentionally.
  5. Rock climbing: There are numerous rock climbing sites at the northern part of the city, some exceeding 200 meters.
  6. Panj Cheshmeh - This bridge is located 5 km. from Maku on the Zangmar River, and is a monument from the Safavid era. This bridge was constructed in order to facilitate communications between Tabriz and Maku, and the surrounding rural areas.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maku, Iran can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3073662" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ a b "Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh (Five spans bridge)" Gardesh Yaran International Tour Operator Co.
  4. ^ Satellite view
  5. ^ Iran
  6. ^ Imranova, K. and Bayramov, E. "Historical formation of the Azerbaijani political culture and national consciousness" Azerigenocide.org
  7. ^ Lonely Planet Iran, 4th edition, p124

External links[edit]

  • Maku pictures
  • Mahrāveh Soroushiān, Maku, a Passageway to Cultures (Maku, Gozar'gāh-e Farhang'hā), in Persian, Jadid Online, 9 February 2009, [1].
    An audio slideshow, [2] (5 min 23 sec).
  • facebook.com/pages/MAKU