Magong, Taiwan

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Magong
馬公市
County-controlled city
View of Siying Rainbow Bridge and Penghu area in Magong
View of Siying Rainbow Bridge and Penghu area in Magong
Official seal of Magong
Seal
Magong is located in Taiwan
Magong
Magong
Location in the Republic of China
Coordinates: 23°34′N 119°35′E / 23.567°N 119.583°E / 23.567; 119.583Coordinates: 23°34′N 119°35′E / 23.567°N 119.583°E / 23.567; 119.583
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
Province Taiwan Province (streamlined)
County Penghu County
Government
 • Mayor Su Kun-hsiung (蘇崑雄)
Area
 • Total 33.9918 km2 (13.1243 sq mi)
Population (January 2014)
 • Total 59,583
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Website www.mkcity.gov.tw
Magong, Taiwan
Traditional Chinese 馬公

Magong City (Chinese: 馬公市; pinyin: Mǎgōng Shì) is the county seat of Penghu County, Republic of China (Taiwan). Magong is on the western part of the main Penghu Island.

Name[edit]

The earliest temple in the country to the goddess Matsu is found on Magong. Magong is therefore also known as "Magong Ao" (馬宮澳 or originally, 媽宮澳), or "Matsu Palace Seaport". The first character of the name was changed from "mother" (媽, mā) to "horse" (馬, mǎ) in 1920 under Japanese rule. Known as Makō in Japanese, the area was a major base for the Imperial Japanese Navy and embarkation point for the invasion of the Philippines.

History[edit]

The erection of the city began around 1887, during the reign of the Guangxu Emperor under Qing Dynasty rule. In January 2009, Taiwan adopted the usage of Hanyu Pinyin to replace Tongyong Pinyin, hence the use of "Magong".[1]

Administration[edit]

Old Traditional area in Magong
Mazu style temple in Magong Temple

Magong City contains 34 municipal villages (里 li):

(Romanizations are in Hanyu Pinyin)
  • Chang'an (長安里)
  • Fuxing (復興里)
  • Xinfu (新復里)
  • Zhongyang (中央里)
  • Qiming (啟明里)
  • Chongqing (重慶里)
  • Guangfu (光復里)
  • Zhongxing (中興里)
  • Guangming (光明里)
  • Guangrong (光榮里)
  • Chongguang (重光里)
  • Xiwei (西衛里)
  • Chaoyang (朝陽里)
  • Yangming (陽明里)
  • Xiwen (西文里)
  • Dongwen (東文里)
  • Anshan (案山里)
  • Guanghua (光華里)
  • Qianliao (前寮里)
  • Shiquan (石泉里)
  • Caiyuan (菜園里)
  • Dongwei (東衛里)
  • Anzhe (安宅里)
  • Wukan (烏崁里)
  • Xingren (興仁里)
  • Tiexian (鐵線里)
  • Suogang (鎖港里)
  • Wude (五德里)
  • Shanshui (山水里)
  • Jing'an (井垵里)
  • Shili (時里奇)
  • Fenggui (風櫃里)
  • Fujing (虎井里)
  • Tongpan (桶盤里)

Government institutions[edit]

Education[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Magong City(1981 to 2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
27.8
(82)
30.1
(86.2)
35.3
(95.5)
38.9
(102)
39.5
(103.1)
40.0
(104)
39.8
(103.6)
39.2
(102.6)
37.6
(99.7)
34.4
(93.9)
30.0
(86)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
19.6
(67.3)
22.4
(72.3)
26.0
(78.8)
28.8
(83.8)
30.6
(87.1)
32.0
(89.6)
31.8
(89.2)
30.7
(87.3)
28.1
(82.6)
24.8
(76.6)
21.1
(70)
26.27
(79.28)
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.4
(59.7)
17.4
(63.3)
20.9
(69.6)
23.7
(74.7)
25.6
(78.1)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
23.9
(75)
20.9
(69.6)
17.4
(63.3)
21.63
(70.93)
Record low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
5.3
(41.5)
8.2
(46.8)
11.1
(52)
15.4
(59.7)
20.3
(68.5)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
21.8
(71.2)
19.6
(67.3)
14.3
(57.7)
7.1
(44.8)
4.4
(39.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 21.9
(0.862)
50.2
(1.976)
52.9
(2.083)
92.4
(3.638)
123.2
(4.85)
164.1
(6.461)
131.6
(5.181)
170.8
(6.724)
74.2
(2.921)
26.1
(1.028)
20.1
(0.791)
23.5
(0.925)
951
(37.44)
 % humidity 80.5 82.4 83.1 83.4 84.5 86.6 85.1 85.5 81.2 78.1 78.0 78.7 82.26
Mean monthly sunshine hours 112.9 96.7 124.7 157.2 172.5 199.6 260.8 240.1 225.3 183.9 131.1 117.3 2,022.1
Source: 中央氣象局

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

It contains the domestic Magong Airport.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]