Malabadi Bridge

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Malabadi Bridge
Malabade.jpg
Crosses Batman River
Locale Near Silvan, Diyarbakır Province, Eastern Anatolia Region, Turkey
Design Pointed arch bridge
Material Stone
Total length 150 m (160 yd)
Width 7 m (23 ft)
Height 19 m (62 ft)
Longest span 38.6 m (127 ft)
Number of spans 1
Construction begin 1146
Construction end 1147
Coordinates 38°09′13″N 41°12′13.8″E / 38.15361°N 41.203833°E / 38.15361; 41.203833Coordinates: 38°09′13″N 41°12′13.8″E / 38.15361°N 41.203833°E / 38.15361; 41.203833
Malabadi Bridge is located in Turkey
Malabadi Bridge
Malabadi Bridge
Location of the Malabadi Bridge

The Malabadi Bridge (Turkish: Malabadi Köprüsü, Kurdish: Pira Malabadê) is an arch bridge spanning the Batman River near the town of Silvan in southeastern Turkey. Construction began in the year AH 541 (1146/1147) during the Artuqid period, and appears to have been completed in AH 548 (1153/1154).[1] The bridge was commissioned by Temür-Tash of Mardin, son of Ilgazi, grandson of Artuk. According to the local 12th-century historian Ibn al-Azraq al-Farīqī, it replaced a bridge built in AH 48 (668/669) that had collapsed in AH 539 (1144/1145).[1] The bridge was restored in the late twelfth century, and recently in the beginning of the 20th century. It was once the only bridge across the river in this area, and was in continuous use until the 1950s, when a new road bridge was opened upstream.

The span of the bridge crosses perpendicular to the river, but the roadway is at an angle to the river, so there are angular breaks in the east and west approaches. The approaches rise from ground level to meet the central span, which is a pointed arch high over the deepest part of the river. Constructed from coloured solid masonry, the approaches have small arches built into them to let flood-waters through. Two of the piers of the bridge sit in the river; the western support is decorated with two carved figures, one standing and one sitting. The bridge is 150 m (160 yd) long and 7 m (23 ft) wide, 19 m (62 ft) in height and a main span of 38.6 m (127 ft).[2] The roadway has two toll-booths, one either side of the main span. The spandrels of the main arch incorporate small rooms for weary travellers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hillenbrand, Carole (1979), The history of the Jazira 1100-1150: the contribution of Ibn Al-Azraq al-Fariqi, Edinburgh University, p. 314, 317, 444, 445–447, 500, 549 
  2. ^ Dogangün, A; Ural. Characteristics of Anatolian stone arch bridges and a case study for Malabadi bridge (PDF). p. 183. Retrieved 2009-01-18.