Malabar Pied Hornbill
|Malabar Pied Hornbill|
|In Karwar district, Karnataka, India|
During incubation, the female lays two or three white eggs in a tree hole, which is blocked off with a cement made of mud, droppings and fruit pulp. There is only one narrow aperture, just big enough for the male to transfer food to the mother and the chicks.
When the chicks have grown too large for the mother to fit in the nest with them, the mother breaks out and rebuilds the wall, after which both parents feed the chicks.
The Malabar Pied Hornbill is a large hornbill, at 65 cm in length. It has mainly black plumage apart from its white belly, throat patch, tail sides and trailing edge to the wings. The bill is yellow with a large, mainly black casque. Females have white orbital skin which is not there in case of Males. Juveniles don't have the casque. It might be confused with the Oriental Pied Hornbill.
This species is omnivorous, taking fruits, small mammals, birds, small reptiles, insects etc. Prey is killed and swallowed whole. Figs form an important part of their diet and contribute to 60% of their diet from May to February, the non-breeding season and during breeding (March to April) up to 75% of the fruits delivered at the nest were figs. They also feed on other fruits including those of the Strychnos nux-vomica that are known to be toxic to many vertebrates.
Great Pied Hornbills and Malabar Pied Hornbills are frequently been spotted at township of Kaiga nuclear power plant near karwar.The rich biodiversity in the forest around Kaiga nuclear plant has become a niche for a wide variety of rare bird species. A study comparing population over a 23 year period at Dandeli found no significant change. In central India, tribals believed that hanging a skull of the hornbill (known as dhanchidiya) brought wealth.
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- BirdLife International (2012). "Anthracoceros coronatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Bibliography of Malabar Pied Hornbill - Anthracoceros coronatus
- Balasubramanian, P.; R. Saravanan and B. Maheswaran (2004) Fruit preferences of Malabar Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus in Western Ghats, India. Bird Conservation International 14: S69-S79 doi:10.1017/S095927090500024 9
- Sneha V and P Davidar (2011). "Status survey of Malabar Pied Hornbill in the Dandeli region, Northern Western Ghats, India". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement 24: 45–51.
- Hislop, Stephen (1866). Papers relating to the Aboriginal tribes of the Central Provinces. Chief Commissioner of the Central Provinces, Nagpur. p. 6.
- Birds of India by Grimmett, Inskipp and Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6
- Oiseaux Photo