Malak-Malak language

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Malak-Malak
Yunggor
Region Northern Territory
Native speakers
43  (2006–2011)[1]
Northern Daly (language isolate)
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
mpb – Malak-Malak
woa – Tyaraity
AIATSIS[2] N22, N10
Glottolog nort1547  (Northern Daly)[3]
mull1237  (Mullukmulluk)[4]
tyar1236  (Tyaraity)[5]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Malak-Malak (also spelt Mullukmulluk, Malagmalag) or Ngolokwangga (Ngolak-Wonga, Ngolok-Wanggar, Nguluwongga) is an Australian Aboriginal language. The Tyaraity (Tyeraty, Kuwema) variety is distinct. It is nearly extinct, with children growing up speaking Kriol instead.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Front Back
Close i ʊ
Close-mid e
Open-mid ɛ
Open a

Consonants[edit]

Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Alveolar Retroflex
Stop p k c t
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n
Lateral ʎ l
Rhotic r ɻ
Semivowel w j

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malak-Malak at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Tyaraity at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Malak-Malak at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Northern Daly". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mullukmulluk". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  5. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tyaraity". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Birk, D. B. W. (1976). The MalakMalak language, Daly River (Western Arnhem Land). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
  • Ray, Sidney H. (Jan–Jun 1909). "The Ngolok-Wanggar Language, Daly River, North Australia". The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute) 39: 137–141. doi:10.2307/2843287. JSTOR 2843287.