Malans, Switzerland

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Malans
Malans -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Malans
Canton Graubünden
District Landquart
46°58′N 9°34′E / 46.967°N 9.567°E / 46.967; 9.567Coordinates: 46°58′N 9°34′E / 46.967°N 9.567°E / 46.967; 9.567
Population 2,308 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 202 /km2 (524 /sq mi)
Area 11.4 km2 (4.4 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 568 m (1,864 ft)
Postal code 7208
SFOS number 3954
Surrounded by Igis, Jenins, Maienfeld, Seewis im Prättigau, Valzeina
Website www.malans.ch
SFSO statistics
Malans is located in Switzerland
Malans
Malans

Malans is a municipality in the district of Landquart in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Malans is first mentioned about 840 as in villa Mellanze. In 956 it was mentioned as Malanz.[3]

Geography[edit]

Malans village

Malans has an area, as of 2006, of 11.4 km2 (4.4 sq mi). Of this area, 39.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 44.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 6.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (9.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is the capital of the Maienfeld sub-district of the Landquart district. It lies along the old Rhine valley road and the road over the Fadärastein pass into the Prättigau valley.

Demographics[edit]

Malans has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 2,308.[1] As of 2008, 7.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 16%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (94.9%), with Romansh being second most common ( 1.3%) and Italian being third ( 0.9%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Malans is; 281 children or 14.7% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 127 teenagers or 6.7% are 10 to 14, and 106 teenagers or 5.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 187 people or 9.8% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 391 people or 20.5% are 30 to 39, 248 people or 13.0% are 40 to 49, and 229 people or 12.0% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 146 people or 7.7% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 140 people or 7.3% are 70 to 79, there are 42 people or 2.2% who are 80 to 89, and there are 11 people or 0.6% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 35% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (31.2%), the FDP (24.9%) and the CVP (7.5%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Malans about 83.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Malans has an unemployment rate of 0.89%. As of 2005, there were 166 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 41 businesses involved in this sector. 140 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 26 businesses in this sector. 286 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 68 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 528 or 27.7% are Roman Catholic, while 1,137 or 59.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 20 individuals (or about 1.05% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 18 individuals (or about 0.94% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 16 (or about 0.84% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 8 individuals (or about 0.42% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 131 (or about 6.87% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 50 individuals (or about 2.62% of the population) did not answer the question.[5]

Malans village church

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1850 912
1880 838
1900 873
1950 1,345
2000 1,908

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Rohan-Schanze archeological site and Bothmar Castle with its surrounding buildings and park are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Malans in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 16-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 16-Oct-2009

External links[edit]