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The Malaprabha River (Kannada ಮಲಪ್ರಭಾ ನದಿ )is a tributary of the Krishna River and flows through the state of Karnataka in India. It rises in the Western Ghats at an altitude of 792 m in the state's Belgaum district. The river joins Krishna River at Kudalasangama in Bagalkot district.
Malaprabha originates Sahyadri mountains at an altitude of 792.4 meters at Kanakumbi village 16 km west of Jamboti village, Khanapur taluka, Belgaum District, Karnataka. At the origin of Malaprabha is an ancient temple dedicated to Shree Mauli Devi. The temple is situated in R.S. No. 127 of Kankumbi which belongs to Yuvaraj Kurtkoti's family. Malaprabha birthplace is a pilgrimage center with mythological origins. A symbol of Rock Carved hand near the source of the river Malaprabha depicts the origin of the river for the purpose of safety showered for the well being of human kind. It is a source of highly stable mineral water. Presence of discontinuities has major effects on properties of contours at source of river. Permeability is dependent on orientation of the region.
Malaprabha flows a distance of 304 km from Kanakumbi-Khanapur-Soundatti(Malaprabha Dam) -Nargund-Kudalasangam before joining river Krishna at an altitude of 488 meters at Kudala Sangama in Bagalkot district.
Bennihalla, Hirehalla and Tuparihalla are the major tributaries to Malaprabha of Dharwad district.
Navilatirtha Dam (Navil in Kannada means peacock) is situated between Saundatti and Munavalli in Belgaum District. The reservoir created by the dam is called Renukasagara, it's catchment area is 11549 km³. This reservoir irrigates more than 2000 km³ of agricultural land.
There is an ancient temple of the deity Yellamma on a nearby hill. This is a pilgrimage centre for thousands of devotees. Also famous temples of Aihole, Pattadakal and Badami are Located on the banks of Malaprabha. These are listed as World Heritage sites by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation).
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