Malargüe

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Malargüe
City
Plaza San Martin
Plaza San Martin
Malargüe is located in Argentina
Malargüe
Malargüe
Location of Malargüe in Argentina
Coordinates: 35°28.5′S 69°35′W / 35.4750°S 69.583°W / -35.4750; -69.583Coordinates: 35°28.5′S 69°35′W / 35.4750°S 69.583°W / -35.4750; -69.583
Country Argentina
Province Mendoza
Department Malargüe
Elevation 1,402 m (4,600 ft)
Population
 • Total 23,020
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base M5613
Dialing code +54 2627

Malargüe (Spanish pronunciation: [maˈlarɣwe]) is a city in the southwest part of province of Mendoza, Argentina, about 370 km south of the provincial capital Mendoza. It is the head town of the Malargüe Department, and it has about 23,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC].

Overview[edit]

The city is located in a semi-arid area. Agriculture is focused on the production of seed potato, along with minor crops such as alfalfa, onion and garlic. In the past, the local industries included oil exploration and production (now almost completely deactivated) and uranium mining. As a touristic area, Malargüe provides hotels and cabins for visitors interested in eco-tourism in the summer and skiing in the winter at the nearby resorts of Las Leñas and Los Molles.

The city is known for its traditional dish, the chivito (baby goat). It hosts the annual National Festival of the Goat and the Provincial Festival of the Lamb, during the second week of January.

History[edit]

Andes flight disaster[edit]

On 13 October 1972 the Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashed in the Andes, in the municipal territory of Malargüe (34°45′54″S 70°17′11″W / 34.76500°S 70.28639°W / -34.76500; -70.28639).

Climate[edit]

Malargüe's climate is dry and relatively cold. Summers bring warm days (the average is 28°C, or 82F) and cool to cold nights (11°C, or 53F), with sporadic thunderstorms occurring. By March or early April, frost is to be expected, and during the winter (May to September), wild fluctuations of temperature can occur: the average high is 11°C (53F) and the average low is -2°C (28F), but northwesterly winds that blow downslope from the Andes can bring temperatures of 25°C (77F), and extreme Antarctic outbreaks will bring periods of snow, daytime highs well below 0°C (32F) and night lows well below -12°C (10F). Temperatures have reached lows of -23°C (-9F) in the past.

Climate data for Malargüe, Mendoza, Argentina (1981-1990 period)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.5
(95.9)
34.6
(94.3)
33.6
(92.5)
29.1
(84.4)
27.8
(82)
27.4
(81.3)
23.0
(73.4)
25.6
(78.1)
29.2
(84.6)
30.8
(87.4)
33.5
(92.3)
35.8
(96.4)
35.8
(96.4)
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
27.2
(81)
24.1
(75.4)
19.7
(67.5)
15.0
(59)
11.7
(53.1)
10.8
(51.4)
13.5
(56.3)
15.8
(60.4)
20.5
(68.9)
24.4
(75.9)
27.0
(80.6)
18.9
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
18.7
(65.7)
15.8
(60.4)
11.3
(52.3)
7.0
(44.6)
4.4
(39.9)
3.4
(38.1)
5.5
(41.9)
7.8
(46)
12.4
(54.3)
16.1
(61)
18.9
(66)
11.7
(53.1)
Average low °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
10.6
(51.1)
8.5
(47.3)
4.4
(39.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
−2.3
(27.9)
−1.1
(30)
0.6
(33.1)
4.4
(39.9)
7.3
(45.1)
10.3
(50.5)
4.4
(39.9)
Record low °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
−6.9
(19.6)
−12.0
(10.4)
−13.7
(7.3)
−14.9
(5.2)
−13.8
(7.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
−14.9
(5.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 31.0
(1.22)
28.0
(1.102)
29.9
(1.177)
15.9
(0.626)
19.2
(0.756)
37.8
(1.488)
45.1
(1.776)
21.7
(0.854)
30.6
(1.205)
14.2
(0.559)
21.5
(0.846)
38.9
(1.531)
333.8
(13.142)
Avg. precipitation days 5 5 5 3 4 5 6 5 6 4 4 4 56
 % humidity 45 55 61 66 65 71 72 66 60 40 46 47 58
Mean monthly sunshine hours 328.6 257.1 254.2 213.0 192.2 150.0 151.9 170.5 162.0 220.1 294.0 322.4 2,716
Percent possible sunshine 73 68 66 63 60 51 48 51 45 54 70 71 60
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[1]
Source #2: NOAA (extremes, 1961–1990)[2] UNLP (sun only)[3]

Transport and infrastructures[edit]

Offices of the Pierre Auger Observatory

Transportation[edit]

Malargüe is linked to the north of Mendoza by National Route 40. This route continues south, entering Neuquén Province, but is only partially built and not well maintained beyond Malargüe City.

Air traffic in the area (only local flights) is served by the Comodoro D. Ricardo Salomón Airport.

Astronomic and space center[edit]

Malargüe is also home to the southern site of the Pierre Auger Observatory, an international physics experiment searching for ultra-high energy cosmic rays.

The European Space Agency began construction of a deep space ground station 30 km south of Malargüe in 2010.[4] It became operational in early 2013 Malargüe Station and is the third 35m dish in its ESTRACK network.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Argentina. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Malargüe Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 31, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  4. ^ ESA to build its third deep space ground station in Argentina

External links[edit]