Malaria Atlas Project

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Malaria Atlas Project
Plasmodium falciparum 01.png
Blood smear of Plasmodium falciparum (gametocytes - sexual forms)
Abbreviation MAP
Formation 2006-05-01
Type International Organization
Purpose Determining spatial limits of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria at a global scale and its endemicity within this range
Headquarters Nairobi and Oxford
Location
Region served Global
Official language English, French and Spanish
Coordinator Professor Bob Snow & Professor Simon I. Hay
Parent organization Wellcome Trust
Affiliations Malaria Public Health & Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya and Spatial Ecology & Epidemiology Group, University of Oxford, UK
Website http://www.map.ox.ac.uk/

The Malaria Atlas Project, abbreviated as MAP, is a non-profit project primarily funded by the Wellcome Trust, UK.[1] MAP is a joint project between the Malaria Public Health & Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya and the Spatial Ecology & Epidemiology Group, University of Oxford, UK, with collaborating nodes in Americas and Asia Pacific Region.

Spatial medical intelligence is central to the effective planning of malaria control and elimination. Forty years have passed since the cartography of malaria worldwide was taken seriously. The Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) was founded in 2005 to fill this niche for the malaria control community at a global scale.

The MAP team have assembled a unique spatial database on linked information based on medical intelligence, satellite-derived climate data to constrain the limits of malaria transmission[2] and the largest ever archive of community-based estimates of parasite prevalence.[3] These data have been assembled and analysed by a team of geographers, statisticians, epidemiologists, biologists and public health specialists.

The initial focus of MAP has been centred on predicting the endemicity of Plasmodium falciparum,[4] the most deadly form of the malaria parasite, due to its global epidemiological significance and its better prospects for elimination and control. Work in 2009 began to map the extent and burden of the relatively neglected Plasmodium vivax.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hay SI, Snow RW (2006). "The Malaria Atlas Project: Developing Global Maps of Malaria Risk.". PLoS Medicine 3 (12): e473. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0030473. PMC 1762059. PMID 17147467. 
  2. ^ Guerra CA, Gikandi PW, Tatem AJ, Noor AM, Smith DL, Hay SI, Snow RW (2008). "The limits and intensity of Plasmodium falciparum transmission: implications for malaria control and elimination worldwide.". PLoS Medicine 5 (2): e38. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050038. PMC 2253602. PMID 18303939. 
  3. ^ Guerra CA, Hay SI, Lucioparedes LS, Gikandi P, Tatem AJ, Noor AM, Snow RW (2007). "Assembling a global database of malaria parasite prevalence for the Malaria Atlas Project.". Malaria Journal 6: 17. doi:10.1186/1475-2875-6-17. PMC 1805762. PMID 17306022. 
  4. ^ Hay SI, Guerra CA, Gething PW, Patil AP, Tatem AJ, Noor AM, Kabaria CW, Manh BH, Elyazar IRF, Brooker SJ, Smith DL, Moyeed RA, Snow RW (2009). "A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007.". In Mueller, Ivo. PLoS Medicine 6 (3): e1000048. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000048. PMC 2659708. PMID 19323591. 

External links[edit]