Malayamarutam is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a janya rāgam (derived scale), as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes). This scale is used in Hindustani music in recent years by instrumentalists. This is a morning raga and regularly used in programmes and functions of the mornings.
Structure and Lakshana
Malayamarutam is a symmetric rāgam that does not contain madhyamam. It is a hexatonic scale (shadava-shadava rāgam in Carnatic music classification). Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):
The notes used in this scale are shadjam, shuddha rishabham, antara gandharam, panchamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadam. Malayamarutam is considered a janya rāgam of Chakravakam, the 16th Melakarta rāgam, though it can be derived from Ramapriya also, by dropping madhyamam.
Malayamarutam is a pleasing scale, but has only a few compositions in classical music. It has been used to score film music as well. Here are some popular kritis composed in Malayamarutam.
- Manasa Etulothune by Tyagaraja
- Karpaga Manohara;; by Papanasam Sivan
- Karunaanidhiye and Smarane Ondhe by Purandara Dasa
- Anumane Saamikindha by Arunachala Kavi
- Uchi Pillaiyare Charanam by Manachanallur Giridharan
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.
- Valaji is a rāgam which does not have shuddha rishabham in both ascending and descending scales compared to Malayamarutam. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S G3 P D2 N2 S : S N2 D2 P G3 S
- Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras
- Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications