Malaysia Day celebration in 2011
|Official name||Hari Malaysia|
|Significance||Marks the establishment of the Malaysian federation|
|Next time||16 September 2014|
Malaysia Day is held on 16 September every year to commemorate the establishment of the Malaysian federation on the same date in 1963. It marked the joining together of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore to form Malaysia. The formation of the new federation was planned to occur on 1 June 1963, but was later postponed to 31 August 1963, in order to coincide with the sixth Hari Merdeka. Several issues related to the Indonesian and the Filipino objection to the formation of Malaysia delayed the declaration to 16 September of the same year. The postponement was also done to allow the United Nations team time to conduct referendums in North Borneo (now Sabah) and Sarawak regarding the two states participation in a new federation.
Prior to the formation of Malaysia, Sarawak gained its transitional administration on 22 July 1963, while Singapore and North Borneo (which was renamed Sabah) began its transitional administration from the United Kingdom on 31 August 1963, thus coinciding with the sixth anniversary of the Malayan independence.
Since 2010, Malaysia Day has been a public holiday. Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak made the decision after a question-and-answer session at the Malaysian Parliament on 19 October 2009. This means Malaysians have two celebrations related to Malaysia's independence.
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- Merdeka Day
- Sarawak Independence Day
- North Borneo Self-government Day
- 20-point agreement (Sabah)
- 18-point agreement (Sarawak)
- History of Malaysia
- Singapore in Malaysia
- A marriage that was doomed from the start. New Straits Times. 4 August 2007.
- Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Sarawak: Volume 2. Booksmango. pp. 134–. ISBN 978-616-245-089-1. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Volume 1: Sabah. Booksmango. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-616-245-078-5. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- "Malaysia Day now a public holiday, says PM". thestar.com.my. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 2012-09-16.