Malaysia Day

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Malaysia Day
Hari Malaysia celebration in 2011.jpg
Malaysia Day celebration in 2011
Official name Hari Malaysia
Observed by Malaysians
Type National
Significance Marks the establishment of the Malaysian federation
Date 16 September
Next time 16 September 2014 (2014-09-16)
Frequency annual

Malaysia Day is held on September 16 every year to commemorate the establishment of the Malaysian federation on the same date in 1963. It marked the joining together of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore to form Malaysia. The formation of the new federation was planned to occur on June 1, 1963, but was later postponed to August 31, 1963, in order to coincide with the sixth Hari Merdeka. Several issues related to the Indonesian and the Filipino objection to the formation of Malaysia delayed the declaration to September 16 of the same year. The postponement was also done to allow the United Nations team time to conduct referendums in North Borneo (now Sabah) and Sarawak regarding the two states participation in a new federation.[1]

The formation of Malaysia was made possible through the introduction of the Malaysia Bill to the Malayan Parliament on July 9, 1963, and consent from the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on August 29, 1963.[1]

Prior to the formation of Malaysia, Sarawak gained its transitional administration on July 22, 1963,[2] while Singapore and North Borneo (which was renamed Sabah) began its transitional administration from the United Kingdom on August 31, 1963,[3] thus coinciding with the sixth anniversary of the Malayan independence.

Since 2010, Malaysia Day has been a public holiday.[4] Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak made the decision after a question-and-answer session at the Malaysian Parliament on October 19. 2009. This means Malaysians have two celebrations related to Malaysia's independence.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A marriage that was doomed from the start. New Straits Times. August 4, 2007.
  2. ^ Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Sarawak: Volume 2. Booksmango. pp. 134–. ISBN 978-616-245-089-1. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Volume 1: Sabah. Booksmango. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-616-245-078-5. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Malaysia Day now a public holiday, says PM". thestar.com.my. October 19, 2009. Retrieved 2012-09-16.