Malaysian Army

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Malaysian Army
Tentera Darat Malaysia
Flag of the Malaysian Army.svg
Crest of the Malaysian Army.svg
Flag and Crest of the Malaysian Army
Active Since 1 March 1933, but started under Penang rifle volunteers in 1861
Country  Malaysia
Allegiance Supreme Head of Malaysia
Branch Malaysian Armed Forces
Type Army
Role Defence and Dominance of Malaysia's soil
Size 80,000[1] active personnel
50,000[1] reserve
Motto Gagah Setia (English: Strong and Loyal)
Colours       Red and       Gold
Anniversaries 1 March
Engagements World War II
1st Malayan Emergency (1948–1960)
2nd Malayan Emergency (1968–1989)
Sarawak Communist Insurgency (1962–1990)
Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation
United Nations Operation in the Congo
Battle of Mogadishu
Kosovo War
United Nations Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group
2006 East Timorese Crisis (OA)
United Nations Protection Force
Moro attacks on Sabah (2013 standoff)
Commander-in-Chief Tuanku Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah, Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Chief of Army General Raja Mohamed Affandi Raja Mohamed Noor

The Malaysian Army (Malay: Tentera Darat Malaysia) is the land component of the Malaysian Armed Forces. Steeped in British Army traditions, the Malaysian Army does not carry the title ‘royal’ (diraja) as do the Royal Malaysian Air Force and the Royal Malaysian Navy. Instead, the title is bestowed on selected army corps and regiments who have been accorded the honour by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, who is the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces.


Circa October 1941, Malay Regiment operatives at a bayonet practice before the Battle of Singapore.

The first military units in Malaysia can be traced back to the Penang Rifle Volunteers raised in 1861, and the Malay States Volunteer Rifles which existed from 1915 to 1936. The birth of the Malaysian Army came about when the Federal Council of the Federated Malay States passed the Malay Regiment Bill on 23 January 1933. This allowed the initial recruitment of 25 males for the First Experimental Malay Company on 1 March 1933. Major G. McI. S. Bruce of the Lincolnshire Regiment was the first Commanding Officer.

By 1 January 1935, the Experimental Company became The Malay Regiment with a complement of 150 men. A battalion was formed on 1 January 1938 and eventually a second battalion on 1 December 1941.

The 1st Bn Malay Regiment was famous for its defence of Opium Hill or Bukit Chandu in Singapore. The ‘Battle of Opium Hill’ on 14 February 1942 involved 42 soldiers commanded by Lt. Adnan Bin Saidi who defended their position against attack from the 18th Division of the Japanese Imperial Army under Lt. Gen. Renya Mutaguchi. After World War II and during the Malayan Emergency, the number of battalions was increased to 7 in the early 50s.

The Kor Armor DiRaja (Royal Armoured Corps) can trace its roots to the formation on 1 September 1952 of the Federation Reconnaissance Squadron. It was later merged with the Federation Regiment to form the Federation Reconnaissance Corps. The name underwent a few transformations from the Malaysian Reconnaissance Corps (16 September 1967), Royal Malaysian Reconnaissance Corps (May 1979) to Royal Cavalry Corps (December 1979) and finally to Kor Armor DiRaja (Royal Armoured Corps) on 8 December 1986.

Organisation and structure[edit]

Malaysian Army major combat unit locations
Source: Jane's World Armies Issue 23, 2008
New Sabah Times, 2 March 2014[2]

The Malaysian Army is currently organised into five Divisions and are placed under the Field Army Headquarters. Three of which (the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Divisions) are based on the Malaysian Peninsular, while the two (the 1st Division and 5th Divisions) are based on Malaysian Borneo. The Grup Gerak Khas (Special Forces group), 10th Parachute Brigade and the Pasukan Udara Tentera Darat (army aviation) are independent formations and directly subordinate to the Chief of the Army.

The Malaysian Army currently has 17 Corps or Regiments. These are grouped into 3 main components: the Combat Element, the Combat Support Element and the Support Elements.

10 Paratrooper Brigade commando forces with ATMP (All Terrain Mobility Platform) during a parade

Rank Structure[edit]

The Malaysian Army uses a rank structure [1] inherited from the British Army. the Malaysian Army rank structure has 17 levels from Private (Prebet) to General (Jeneral). These ranks are divided into 2 groups - Officer (Pegawai) and Other Ranks (Lain-Lain Pangkat) which includes the Non-Commissioned Officer (Pegawai Tanpa Tauliah) ranks.


Officers are sub-divided into 3 groups:-

Senior Officers This group consists of officers holding the ranks of Lieutenant Colonel (Leftenan Kolonel), Colonel (Kolonel), Brigadier General (Brigedier Jeneral), Major General (Mejar Jeneral), Lieutenant General (Leftenan Jeneral) and General (Jeneral)

Field Officers Field Officers are officers holding the rank of Major (Mejar)

Junior Officers This group consists of Second Lieutenant (Leftenan Muda), Lieutenant (Leftenan) and Captain (Kapten) grade officers.

Other Ranks This group begins at Private (Prebet) and works its way up to Warrant Officer I (Pegawai Waran I). This is further subdivided into 3 groups:

Senior NCO (PTT Kanan) This group includes NCOs holding the rank of Sergeant (Sarjan), Staff Sergeant (Staff Sarjan), Warrant Officer II (Pegawai Waran II) and Warrant Officer I (Pegawai Waran I).

Junior NCO (PTT Rendah) This group includes NCOs holding the rank of Lance Corporal (Lans Koperal) and Corporal (Koperal).

Private (Prebet) Private soldiers in the Malaysian Army do not wear any rank devices on their uniform. There are no distinctions made between junior or senior Privates.

Corps and regiments[edit]

Malaysian Army Agusta A-109E LUH, armed with 20mm gun and rockets for area suppression

Combat element[edit]

Malaysian Army PT 91M MBT on display

This is the most senior regiment of the Malaysian Army. Its ranks are recruited from amongst the Malay population. The Regiment has 25 battalions. The 1st Battalion, the most senior in the Regiment, currently undertakes ceremonial and Royal Guard duties. The remainder are configured as 20 Standard Infantry Battalions, two Mechanised Infantry Battalions and two Parachute Infantry Battalions. The regiment uses rifle green berets except two battalions that wear maroon berets. See 17 RAMD Para Weblog The 19th Bn Royal Malay Regiment (Mech) was involved in the rescue of US Rangers and Delta Force operatives in Somalia during the Battle of Mogadishu. The unit of 32 Radpanzer Condor APCs and 113 men from MALBATT 1 went in with the United States 10th Mountain Division to rescue the trapped Rangers. Four APCs were immobilised and were destroyed by US helicopter gunships. 19 Royal Malay Regiment suffered 1 soldier killed in action (KIA), PFC Mat Aznan Awang while 8 others were wounded in action (WIA). Pfc Mat Aznan Awang was later promoted posthumously to Corporal and was awarded with Pingat Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa, the nation's highest gallantry award. In total, 7 officers and 26 NCOs were awarded various medals for their valour during the operation, the highest number of men recommended for medals in a single unit in a single operation.

ACV 300 Adnan on display

This is a multi-racial unit organised along similar lines to the Rejimen Askar Melayu DiRaja. There are currently 10 battalions within this regiment. The Regiment traces its roots to the Sarawak Rangers and the Sarawak Constabulary, famed jungle trackers who had a deadly reputation during the Malayan Emergency and during the Communist Party of Malaya’s insurgency in Malaysia. The 8th Bn Royal Ranger Regiment (8 Renjer) was the first infantry battalion in the Malaysian Army to undergo conversion into an airborne battalion. The unit is currently assigned to the elite 10 Brigade (Para). The Malaysian Army's most decorated soldier, WOI (Rtd) Kanang anak Langkau was a Regimental Sergeant Major of 8 Ranger.

This is a newly created regiment from the 300 series Territorial Army units in charge of the border. The Deputy Prime Minister and Defence Minister Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak announced on 1 July 2006 the formation of a new regiment specifically for border patrol. Members of the regiment will be taken from various regiments and corps, most notably from the Rejimen Askar Wataniah. It is believed that the army will form about 2 to 3 brigades of this new regiment.[3][4] The new regiment was officially raised on 9 February 2008 by Najib Tun Razak at Tanah Merah, Kelantan.[5]

  • Kor Armor DiRaja (Royal Armoured Corps) provides the armour capability for the Malaysian Army. Currently, the Corps consists of 5 battalions (sometimes errantly referred to as Regiments), which are equipped with various armoured personnel carriers (SIBMAS AFSV-90, Rheinmetall Condor, K-200 MIFV) and light combat vehicles. Rejimen ke-11 of the Kor Armor DiRaja is the sole user of 48 PT-91M Main Battle Tanks from Poland.

Combat Support element[edit]

Support elements[edit]

  • Kor Ordnans DiRaja (Royal Ordnance Corps) ensures that all military supplies and ordnance are stored, secured and inventoried properly.
  • Kor Agama Angkatan Tentera (Armed Forces Religious Corps) (KAGAT) performs religious (chaplainry) services for Muslim and Christian personnel of the Malaysian Army. It also provides counselling and conducts ritual prayers on the battlefield.
  • Kor Perkhidmatan DiRaja (Royal Logistics Corps) is in charge of transporting troops and supplies to the various units of the Malaysian Army.
  • Kor Kesihatan DiRaja (Royal Medical Corps) provides training for Army medics and other specialists. It runs the Armed Forces hospitals and provides the battlefield mobile hospitals. The unit has also provided relief MALMEDTIMs (Malaysian Medical Teams) to Pakistan, Afghanistan [2], West Sahara, Indonesia and Palestine.
  • Kor Perkhidmatan Am (General Services Corps) handles administration and financial management for the entire army.

Special Forces[edit]

  • Rejimen Gerak Khas (Special Forces Regiment) is the Malaysian Army's special forces and commando regiment. 21 Gerup Gerak Khas is the operational home of various specialists and the Commando battalions, which are capable of conducting unconventional warfare or special operations. One of the known foreign operations involving this regiment was in an attack by Somali militia on a convoy transporting UN Intelligence Chief in UNOSOM II on 18 July 1994. In the action, two members of the regiment were killed in action, while another four were wounded. One of the injured men was taken hostage by the militia and was released nine hours later.
  • 10 Paratrooper Brigade is an elite airborne unit tasked with being rapidly deployed inside or outside the boundaries of Malaysia. 10th Para is the key element of the Malaysian Rapid Deployment Force (Pasukan Aturgerak Cepat; PAC) and it is Malaysia primary main offensive force in time of war or emergencies.

Air unit[edit]


  • Rejimen Askar Wataniah (Territorial Army) forms the second line of Malaysia's defence. Formed by college students, professionals and civilians, it provides support for the regular armed forces of Malaysia and is responsible for the security of key installations in times of conflict. Originally tasked with area and local defence, the Rejimen Askar Wataniah units have been reconfigured and will perform front line duties alongside regular units when the need arises. Rejimen Askar Wataniah units, such as armoured squadrons, are integral units of several Kor Armor DiRaja regiments.


Malaysian Army Condor APC
Malaysian Army reservists at the range.

The personnel strength of the Malaysian Army is approximately 80,000 personnel in the Active Army,[6] 50,000 in the Active Reserve[6] and 26,600 active and 244,700 reservists[6] in the Paramilitary.

The Malaysian Army consists of 4 infantry divisions, 9 infantry brigades, 1 special forces brigade, 1 airborne brigade and 1 mechanised brigade,[6] composed of:

  • 36 Light Infantry Battalions[6]
  • 3 Airborne Infantry Battalions[6]
  • 3 Mechanised Infantry Battalions[6]
  • 5 Armoured battalions (1 Tank Regiment)[6]
  • 1 light tank squadron[6]
  • 13 Artillery Regiments (3 Air Defence)[6]
  • 3 Special Forces Regiments[6]
  • 3 field engineer regiments[6]
  • 1 airborne infantry squadron[6]
  • 1 construction regiment[6]
  • 4 military police regiments[6]
  • 1 signals regiment[6]
  • 1 intelligence unit[6]
  • 1 helicopter squadron[6]

The territorial army includes:

  • 16 light infantry regiments[7]
  • 2 border surveillance brigades[7]
  • 5 highway surveillance battalions[7]
  • 2 field engineer regiments[7]


Infantry Weapons[edit]


Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Glock  Austria Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Glock 17 MOD 45154998.jpg Standard issue pistol. Issued to all infantry units as part of the Future Soldier programme.[8]
Browning HP  Belgium
 United States
Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Browning HP West German Police.jpg Standard issue sidearms for all army personnels and special forces.
HK P9S  Germany Semi-automatic pistol 9mm HK P9S PDRM.jpg Standard issue sidearms for all army personnels.
Beretta M92FS  Italy Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Beretta92.jpg Standard issue sidearms for all army personnels as well as 10 Paratrooper Brigade and GGK.
SIG Sauer P226  Germany
Semi-automatic pistol 9mm SIG Sauer P226 neu.jpg In service with 10 Paratrooper Brigade and GGK.
Vektor SP1  South Africa Semi-automatic pistol 9mm VektorSP1.jpg In service with GGK[9]


Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Franchi SPAS-12  Italy Pump-action shotgun 12-gauge SPAS-12 stock folded.jpg In service with GGK[9]
Remington 870  United States Pump-action shotgun 12-gauge M870mcs.jpg Has a capacity of five or seven rounds and a maximum effective range of 140 m (460 ft) for solid shot and 40 m (130 ft) for buckshot. Used by 10 Paratrooper Brigade and GGK as a breaching shotgun or combat shotgun.[9]

Submachine guns[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Submachine gun 9mm Heckler Koch MP5.jpg Standard army submachine gun within the 10 Paratrooper Brigade and GGK.[10] The weapon comes in multiple variants, from the standard MP5A2, MP5A3 and the suppressed MP5SD3 (pictured).

Assault, battle rifles[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Colt M4A1  United States
Assault rifle
5.56×45mm M4 PEO Soldier.jpg The Colt M4A1 is the standard assault rifle. Made under license by SME Ordnance Sdn Bhd.[11] Used along with Steyr AUG as standard service rifle. Under production.
Steyr AUG  Austria
Assault rifle 5.56×45mm AUG A1 508mm 04.jpg Made under license by SME Ordnance Sdn Bhd. Standard issue. Malaysia decided to withdraw production of the rifle.
SIG SG 552
SIG SG 553
  Switzerland Assault rifle 5.56×45mm Swiss Arms SG 553 Left.jpg In service with Royal Intelligence Corps and GGK.
Colt M16A1  United States Assault rifle 5.56×45mm M16A1 brimob.jpg In service with reserve forces.
CAR-15  United States Carbine 5.56×45mm AR-15 Sporter SP1 Carbine.JPG In service with reserve forces.
Heckler & Koch HK33  Germany Assault rifle 5.56×45mm HK43.jpg In service with 10 Paratrooper Brigade.
L1A1 SLR  United Kingdom
Battle rifle 7.62×51mm FN-FAL belgian.jpeg In service with territorial army.

Sniper rifles[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Barrett M82  United States Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG M107 1.jpg Recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-materiel rifle. In service with GGK[9]
Accuracy International Arctic Warfare  United Kingdom Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm Accuracy International Arctic Warfare - Psg 90.jpg Standard army sniper rifle.
SR-25  United States Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm SR-25 pic02.jpg Primary sniper rifle. It is equipped with a 25x scope, a suppressor, and a ten-round magazine.
TRG-22  Finland Sniper rifle .308 Winchester Sako TRG folding stock + Zeiss 3-12x56 SSG P.JPG In service with GGK[9]

Machine guns[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
FN Minimi  Belgium Light machine gun 5.56mm Minimi.jpg Standard issue LMG
Heckler & Koch HK21  Germany General-purpose machine gun 7.62mm HK 21 LMG RIGHT SIDE.jpg Standard issue GPMG.
M60 machine gun  United States General-purpose machine gun 7.62mm M60GPMG.jpeg In service with GGK.[12]
M240  Belgium General-purpose machine gun 7.62mm PEO M240B Profile.jpg Standard issue GPMG.
RPD machine gun  Soviet Union Light machine gun 7.62x39mm M43 LMG-RPD-44.jpg In service with GGK.
M2 Browning  United States Heavy machine gun .50 BMG M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg Standard issue HMG

Grenade launchers[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Mk 19 grenade launcher  United States Grenade launcher 40mm grenade MK19-02.jpg Standard army grenade launcher
Milkor MGL  South Africa Grenade launcher 40mm grenade Marine shoots M32 at Fort Bragg for prepering to go to Afghanistan.jpg Standard army grenade launcher.
M203 grenade launcher  United States Grenade launcher 40mm grenade M203 1.jpg Primary grenade launcher. Attached to M4A1 and M16A1.


Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
L16 81mm mortar  United Kingdom Mortar 81mm 81mmMORT L16.png Standard army mortar

Recoilless rifle[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
AT-4  Sweden Recoilless 84mm AT-4Launcher.jpeg Standard army recoilless rifle.
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle  Sweden Recoilless 84mm Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg Standard army recoilless rifle.
M40 recoilless rifle  United States Recoilless 84mm Rcl106lat2.jpg Standard army recoilless rifle.

Portable Missiles[edit]

Photo Model Type Caliber Origin Notes
BaktarShikan3.JPG Baktar-Shikan Anti-tank guided missile 120mm HEAT  Pakistan
Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg 9K115-2 Metis-M Anti-tank guided missile 130mm HEAT  Russia
ERYX-2ndFrInReg 2.jpg ERYX Anti-tank guided missile 137mm HEAT  France Used by 10 Paratrooper Brigade.
C-90.jpg C90-CR (M3) Rocket propelled grenade 90mm HEAT  Spain
66 kertasinko 75.JPG M72 LAW Rocket propelled grenade 66mm HEAT  United States
RPG-7 detached.jpg RPG-7 Rocket propelled grenade 40mm HEAT  Soviet Union
Anti-aircraft missile
Starburst01.jpg Starburst MANPAD 152mm fragmentation explosive  United Kingdom
FN-6 MANPAD 72mm explosive  China
IGLA-S MANPADS at IDELF-2008.jpg 9K38 Igla MANPAD 72mm explosive  Soviet Union
ANZA MK 2.JPG Anza MANPAD 72mm explosive  Pakistan


Picture Vehicle Origin Type Inventory Notes
PT-91M Pendekar.jpg PT-91M Pendekar  Poland Main Battle Tank 48[13] Armed with 125 mm 2A46MS main gun.
Irish Scorpion Tank.JPG FV101 Scorpion  United Kingdom Light tank 26[6] Armed with Cockerill 90mm main gun.

Armoured Vehicles[edit]

Picture Vehicle Origin Type Inventory Notes
ACV-300 Adnan.jpg ACV 300 Adnan  Malaysia
Infantry Fighting Vehicle 267[14] Includes ambulance, ARV, command post vehicle and 81mm & 120mm mortar carrier versions. 259 ACV-300 and 8 ACV-S.
Built locally by DefTech.
2007 Seoul Air Show 063 K200.JPG K-200 KIFV  Republic of Korea Infantry Fighting vehicle 103[7] Malaysian Army operates the upgraded variant (K200A1)[15]
Alvis Stormer in 2009.jpg Alvis Stormer  United Kingdom Armoured Personal Carrier 25[16] 12 units has a 20mm autocannon while others equipped with the TH-1 turret[17]
Hägglunds Bv206S ambulance.jpg Bandvagn 206  Sweden Armoured all-terrain carrier 80[16] Armoured utility vehicles with various functions[18]
DefTech AV8 during 56th NDP.JPG AV8 Gempita (8x8)  Malaysia
Multi-purpose armoured vehicle 257[19] First 12 units delivered in December 2014.
Built locally by DefTech.[20][21]
Sibmas AFSV-90 Muzium Tentera Darat.JPG SIBMAS (6x6)  Belgium Infantry Fighting vehicle 186[6] 162 units armed with Cockerill 90mm main gun and 24 recovery vehicle units.
To be replaced by DefTech AV8.[22]
Malaysian Condor.jpg Condor APC (4x4)  Germany Armoured personnel carrier 315[7] Originally 460 units. Some were lost in the Battle of Mogadishu (1993) and others were used for peacekeeping missions in various countries.
To be replaced by DefTech AV8.[23][24]
Herat2 (cropped).jpg URO VAMTAC  Spain Multi-purpose armoured vehicle 85[25] Multi-purpose armoured vehicle that strongly similar to U.S made Humvee. Mostly equipped with Mk 19 40mm AGL and M2 Browning HMG.[26] 25 units are as Igla anti-air missile launcher platform.[27]

Air Defence Systems[edit]

Photo Model Origin Type Quantity Notes
Surface-to-air missile
Swiss rapier missile.jpg
Rapier (missile)  United Kingdom SHORAD 15 Jernas variant.
Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon   Switzerland 35mm anti-aircraft artillery 28[7]
Bofors 40 mm gun  Sweden 40mm anti-aircraft artillery 36[7]


Photo Model Origin Type Quantity Notes
Astros II MLRS  Brazil 300mm multiple launch rocket system 54[28][29] Originally 36 units.[29] Another 18 units were ordered in 2012 for a total of 54 units.[29]
G5 howitzer (Impi).jpg
Denel G5 howitzer  South Africa 155mm towed artillery 22[7]
FH 70 155mm gun (6065127314).jpg
VSEL FH-70  European Union 155mm towed artillery 12[7]
OTO Melara Mod 56  Italy 105 mm towed artillery 110[7][30]
M102 Howitzer A1206 Tai Iraq 2004.JPG
M102 howitzer  United States 105 mm towed artillery 40[30]

Utility Vehicles[edit]

Picture Vehicle Origin Type Notes
POL Warsaw WZT-3.jpg WZT-4  Poland Armoured Recorvery Vehicle
MID Polish.jpg MID-M  Poland Engineering Tank
Sabah Malaysia Hari-Merdeka-2013-Parade-226.jpg IVECO M4010  Italy Field Ambulance
Sabah Malaysia Hari-Merdeka-2013-Parade-224.jpg Land Rover Defender  United Kingdom Multi-purpose vehicle
Sabah Malaysia Hari-Merdeka-2013-Parade-221.jpg Mercedes-Benz G-Class  Germany Multi-purpose/light assault vehicle GD290
Malaysian Supacat.jpg All Terrain Mobility Platform  United Kingdom Air-mobile vehicle Used by 10 Paratrooper Brigade
PMC Leguan PMC Leguan  Poland Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge
SJ-09 SJ-09  Poland Training Tank
Handalan HICOM Handalan I/II  Malaysia Troop carrier truck 2260 units delivered
AV-VBL AV-VBL  Brazil Artillery command vehicle Command vehicle of Astros II MLRS
IVECO M4012 IVECO M4012  Italy Satellite Communication Vehicle
KAMAZ 43253 KAMAZ 43253  Russia Troop carrier truck

Army Air Wing[edit]

Aircraft Photo Role Versions Inventory Notes
Agusta A109 Malaysian Army Agusta A-109E LUH Vabre.jpg Multi-purpose helicopter A109LOH[31] 10 Used for observation. A109LOH version armed with 20mm gun and/or rockets for area suppression missions[32] One lost to crash.
Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King Nuri helicopter.jpg Transport helicopter, SAR S61A-4 Nuri 12[33] 12 transferred from Royal Malaysian Air Force. Armed with 12.7mm HMG

Present Development[edit]

Since the recovery from the 1997 economic crisis, MA, along with other branches of the MAF, has regained momentum in its modernising programs. The first major procurement was to set a milestone by building its first ever main battle tank regiment. MA received delivery of 48 PT-91M main battle tanks and other tank-based equipment, like ARV WZT-4 from Poland, fully completed contract of sale in March 2010. Despite adding some 28 units of South African G5 Mk III 155 mm howitzers, another major procurement was 18 units of Astros MLRS from Brazil, which delivery was completed in 2006. A second batch of 18 MRLS was ordered in 2007.[34] MA is also rapidly mechanising its current inventory - 211 Adnan IFVs (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) were acquired by the army in 2004. Following a more recent procurement of the Pakistani Bakhtar-Shikan Anti-armor missile launcher, these were installed on the Adnans.

MA is now shifting its emphasis on enhancing its air wing. In September 2006, MA received its 11th and last Agusta-Westland A109H Light Utility Helicopter. These helicopters are to initially complement, and ultimately replace, the ageing SA316B Aérospatiale Alouette III helicopters. Six of them were to be installed with light arms and to be tasked to a scout observation unit; a sample was shown in LIMA 07. The configuration of the remainder is unclear. Furthermore, the army will also receive S61A-4 Nuri multipurpose helicopters after they are retired from RMAF; these will form the backbone of the army’s very first air transport units - 881 and 882 squadrons of the army air wing.

In the same year, at the biannual Defence Services Asia (DSA) 2006, Malaysia announced that the US made M4 Carbine service rifle will replace the Austrian-made Steyr AUG service rifle for all three Malaysian Armed Forces services. The army will receive the new weapon soon.

There is also a requirement for an upgrade to the current air defence network. However, a dispute between the army and the air force on whether to introduce a mid-range SAM system had led to the procurement being put on hold. According to a recent interview of the army’s chief of staff, Ismail bin Haji Jamaluddin, the army has no intention of taking over the mid-range air defence role.

Future Soldier System[edit]

The Malaysian Army currently has a soldier modernisation programme called the Future Soldier System. Under the FSS, The Malaysian Army plans to equip all soldiers with Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) such as Kevlar helmets, Kevlar vests, Oakley goggles and ear protection equipment. The programme also includes arming all the standard issue M4 carbines with SOPMOD kits, as well as equipping soldiers with a Glock series pistol.[35][36]

Sapura, a Malaysian electronics company, is offering their SAKTI soldier system concept via work in three areas: Head Sub-System (HSS), Body Sub-System (BSS) and Weapon Sub-System (WSS). The HSS consists of a Helmet–Mounted Micro Camera and night vision capability with a data output, helmet-mounted display and earpiece and microphone; the WSS consists of a the Rifle Control Unit consisting of a five-button wireless controller for one handed use with key features including push to talk for the radio, switching the HMD on and off, turning the HMD brightness up and down as well as video transmission to friendly forces. The BSS consists of a controller system, energy unit with a power pack for the communication interface, micro-camera and HMD with a single polymer lithium ion battery for up to ten hours of operation; a communications interface for secure IP based radio which from the image is a Thales St@rmille radio and finally a navigation unit with a display for blue force tracking and situational awareness, colour digital mapping and terrain and urban profile analysis. The system displayed is visually similar to the Kord Defence SmartGrip RIC developed in partnership with Thales Australia.[37]


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  35. ^ "MalaysianDefence". Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
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  37. ^ "SolderMod". Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
Works cited
  • International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) (2012). The Military Balance 2012. London: IISS. ISSN 0459-7222. 

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