Malaysian Indian Congress
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (December 2012)|
|Malaysian Indian Congress|
|Headquarters||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Youth wing||MIC Youth Movement|
|Ideology||Nationalism, Conservatism, Dravidian|
|National affiliation||Barisan Nasional|
|Colors||Green and White|
The Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) (Tamil: மலேசிய இந்திய காங்கிரஸ்) is a Malaysian political party and is one of the founding members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, that has been in power since the country achieved independence in 1957.
The MIC was established in August 1946, and has ceased to exist at the end of World War II, to fight for Indian independence from British colonial rule. After India gained its independence, MIC involved itself in the struggle for the independence of Malaya (now Malaysia which was achieved in 1957. It positioned itself for representation on behalf of the Indian community in the post-war development of the country. The MIC joined the National Alliance comprising the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) in 1954 which became the Barisan Nasional in 1973 with further expansion in the number of component parties. The current head of the MIC is President Dato' Palanivel Govindasamy.
List of presidents
- John A. Thivy (1946 - 1947)
- Budh Singh (1947 - 1950)
- K. Ramanathan Chettiar (1950 - 1951)
- Kundan Lal Devaser (1951 - 1955)
- Tun V.T. Sambanthan Thevar (1955 - 1973)
- Tan Sri Dato' Seri V. Manickavasagam Pillai (1973 - 1979)
- Dato' Seri Samy Vellu Nattar (12 October 1979 - 6 December 2010)
- Dato' Seri G. Palanivel Kounder (7 December 2010 - December 2016)
More than 10,000 students have obtained loans and scholarships totalling about RM60mil in the past 20 years from the Maju Institute of Education Development (MIED) fund, the education arm of the MIC.
The party sponsored the Nesa Multipurpose Cooperative and the MIC Unit Trust as part of its programme for economic ventures, and also set up the MIC Education Fund for members’ children and the Malaysian Indian Scholarship for higher education.
Ninth Malaysia Plan
MIC as the main party representing Malaysian Indians, has succeeded in getting the government to make a statement that the government would help Indians to achieve 3% equity by the year 2020 in the business sector as a measure of equitable equity distribution, although the expectation was that the target ought to be achieved in the year 2010. No mechanism be had been identified so far on the achievement of the above object in the above plan.
Private university project
The Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and Technology University (AIMST) is the major ongoing project by MIC. It has already commenced operations and is offering a range of science and technology-based programmes including Medicine. It was founded on 15 March 2001, by the Maju Institute of Educational Development (MIED), the educational arm of the MIC.
2008 general election
In the March 2008 General Election, S. Samy Vellu lost his seat. Also losing their seats were two MIC Vice-Presidents as well as the heads of the women's wing and the youth wing.
MIC members in the 13th Parliament of Malaysia
MIC currently has 4 MPs.
General election results
|Election||Total seats won||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election||Election leader|
|1955||2 seats; Governing coalition (Alliance Party)||V. T. Sambanthan|
|1959||1 seat; Governing coalition (Alliance Party)||V. T. Sambanthan|
|1964||; Governing coalition (Alliance Party)||V. T. Sambanthan|
|1969||1 seat; Governing coalition (Alliance Party)||V. T. Sambanthan|
|1974||2 seats; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||V. Manickavasagam|
|1978||1 seat; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||V. Manickavasagam|
|1982||1 seat; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||Samy Vellu|
|1986||2 seats; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||Samy Vellu|
|1990||; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||Samy Vellu|
|1995||1 seat; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||Samy Vellu|
|1999||; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||Samy Vellu|
|2004||221,546||3.2%||2 seats; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||Samy Vellu|
|2008||179,422||2.21%||6 seats; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||Samy Vellu|
|2013||286,629||2.59%||1 seat; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional)||G. Palanivel|
- Goh, Cheng Teik (1994). Malaysia: Beyond Communal Politics. Pelanduk Publications. ISBN 967-978-475-4.
- Pillai, M.G.G. (3 November 2005). "National Front parties were not formed to fight for Malaysian independence". Malaysia Today.
- The Star (2 August 2006): "Education a Key MIC Thrust"; M. Krishnamoorthy
- Official web site
- Official Web Site of Putera M.I.C
- Official Web Site of Putera M.I.C Wilayah Persekutuan
- Official Web Site of Pemuda MIC (Penang State MIC Youth Wing)