Malaysian Indian Congress

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Malaysian Indian Congress
Kongres India Se-Malaysia
மலேசிய இந்திய காங்கிரஸ்
Abbreviation MIC
President Palanivel Govindasamy
Secretary-General G. Kumar Aaman
Spokesperson L. Sivasubramaniam, Informatian Chief
Founder A. Thivy
Deputy President Subramaniam Sathasivam
Women Leader Mohana Muniandy
Youth Leader C. Sivarrajh
Founded August 1946
Preceded by Malayan Indian Congress
Headquarters 6th floor, Menara Manicavasagam, No. 1, Jalan Rahmat, 50350 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Newspaper MIC Times
Youth wing MIC Youth Movement
Women's wing MIC Women's Movement
Men's youth wing MIC Putera Movement
Women's youth wing MIC Puteri Movement
Ideology Nationalism,
Social conservatism,
Dravidian parties
Political position Right-wing
National affiliation Alliance (1954–73)
Barisan Nasional (1973–present)
Colours Green and white
Dewan Negara:
6 / 70
Dewan Rakyat:
4 / 222
Dewan Undangan Negeri:
5 / 576
Election symbol
Barisan Nasional Logo.svg
Party flag
Malaysian Indian Congress flag.png
Politics of Malaysia
Political parties

The Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) (Tamil: மலேசிய இந்திய காங்கிரஸ்) is a Malaysian political party and is one of the founding members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, that has been in power since the country achieved independence in 1957.

The MIC was established in August 1946, and has ceased to exist at the end of World War II, to fight for Indian independence from British colonial rule. After India gained its independence, MIC involved itself in the struggle for the independence of Malaya (now Malaysia which was achieved in 1957. It positioned itself for representation on behalf of the Indian community in the post-war development of the country. The MIC joined the National Alliance comprising the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) in 1954 which became the Barisan Nasional in 1973 with further expansion in the number of component parties. The current head of the MIC is President Dato' Palanivel Govindasamy.

Like the other racially based political parties in multi-racial Malaysia, membership in MIC is open to all people of Indian origin.

List of presidents[edit]

  1. A. Thivy (1946 - 1947)
  2. Budh Singh (1947 - 1950)
  3. K. Ramanathan Chettiar (1950 - 1951)
  4. Kundan Lal Devaser (1951 - 1955)
  5. V. T. Sambanthan (1955 - 1973)
  6. V. Manickavasagam (1973 - 1979)
  7. Samy Vellu (12 October 1979 - 6 December 2010)
  8. Palanivel Govindasamy (7 December 2010 - December 2016)

Education welfare[edit]

More than 10,000 students have obtained loans and scholarships totalling about RM60mil in the past 20 years from the Maju Institute of Education Development (MIED) fund, the education arm the MIC.[1]

The party sponsored the Nesa Multipurpose Cooperative and the MIC Unit Trust as part of its programme for economic ventures, and also set up the MIC Education Fund for members’ children and the Malaysian Indian Scholarship for higher education.[2]

Ninth Malaysia Plan[edit]

MIC as the main party representing Malaysian Indians, has succeeded in getting the government to make a statement that the government would help Indians to achieve 3% equity by the year 2020 in the business sector as a measure of equitable equity distribution, although the expectation was that the target ought to be achieved in the year 2010.[citation needed] No mechanism be had been identified so far on the achievement of the above object in the above plan.[citation needed]

Private university project[edit]

The Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and Technology University (AIMST) is the major ongoing project by MIC. It has already commenced operations and is offering a range of science and technology-based programmes including Medicine. It was founded on 15 March 2001, by the Maju Institute of Educational Development (MIED), the educational arm of the MIC.

2008 general election[edit]

In the March 2008 General Election, S. Samy Vellu lost his seat. Also losing their seats were two MIC Vice-Presidents as well as the heads of the women's wing and the youth wing.

MIC Central Working Committee[edit]


Elected representatives[edit]

Dewan Negara (Senate)[edit]

Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)[edit]

Members of Parliament of the 13th Malaysian Parliament[edit]

Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly)[edit]

Malaysian State Assembly Representatives[edit]

General election results[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2 / 52
Increase2 seats; Governing coalition (Alliance Party) V. T. Sambanthan
3 / 104
Increase1 seat; Governing coalition (Alliance Party) V. T. Sambanthan
3 / 104
Steady; Governing coalition (Alliance Party) V. T. Sambanthan
2 / 144
Decrease1 seat; Governing coalition (Alliance Party) V. T. Sambanthan
4 / 144
Increase2 seats; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) V. Manickavasagam
3 / 154
Decrease1 seat; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) V. Manickavasagam
4 / 154
Increase1 seat; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) Samy Vellu
6 / 177
Increase2 seats; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) Samy Vellu
6 / 180
Steady; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) Samy Vellu
7 / 192
Increase1 seat; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) Samy Vellu
7 / 193
Steady; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) Samy Vellu
9 / 219
221,546 3.2% Increase2 seats; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) Samy Vellu
3 / 222
179,422 2.21% Decrease6 seats; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) Samy Vellu
4 / 222
286,629 2.59% Increase1 seat; Governing coalition (Barisan Nasional) Palanivel Govindasamy


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External links[edit]