Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

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Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia
Abbreviation MMEA / APMM
Crest of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.svg
Logo of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.
Flag of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.svg
Flag of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.
Motto Mengawal Melindung Menyelamat
Guard Protect Save
Agency overview
Formed 15 February 2005–present
Employees 7,000 Officers
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Malaysia
Legal jurisdiction Malaysian Maritime Zone
Governing body Government of Malaysia
Constituting instrument Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004 [Act 633]
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Putrajaya, Malaysia
Elected officer responsible The Rt. Hon. Dato' Seri Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, Prime Minister
Agency executive Admiral Datuk Mohd Amdan bin Kurish RMN, Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement
Parent agency Prime Minister's Department
Facilities
Helicopters Aérospatiale AS 365 Dauphin; Agusta A109; AgustaWestland AW139
Amphibious Aircrafts Bombardier 415
Website
www.mmea.gov.my

The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Abbreviation: MMEA; Malay: Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia; APMM) or also known as Malaysian Coast Guard, is the principal government agency tasked with maintaining law and order and coordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas. It is in effect the coast guard of Malaysia. The Agency is not part of nor are there any plans for it be integrated into the Malaysian Armed Forces. The Agency and its members are part of the Malaysian Civil Service and report directly to the Prime Minister's Department. Currently, the Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, The Rt. Hon. Dato' Seri Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is the Minister responsible for the MMEA.

Background[edit]

The history of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency began with the report on the Feasibility Study on the Establishment of Malaysian Coastguard conducted by National Security Council, Prime Minister's Department. The findings of the report was agreed to by the Government and a Nucleus Team led by Datuk Abu Talib bin Haji Harun, was created with the objective of organising the creation of the Agency. The Agency was formally established with the enactment of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004 (Act 633) by the Malaysian Parliament in May 2004. Subsequently, the Act received the Royal Assent from the Yang Di Pertuan Agong on 25 June 2004 and was gazetted on 1 July of the same year. On 15 February 2005, the Act came into force. The Agency achieved operational status on 30 November 2005 with the commencement of patrols by MMEA vessels. The agency maintains close ties with the United States and Japanese coast guards. The agency carries out law enforcement work during peace time.

Organisation[edit]

Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement[edit]

A Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement appointed by the Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King) on the advice of the Prime Minister under Section 4(1) of the Act is responsible for the operational direction, command, control and supervision of the Agency. Administratively, the Director General reports directly to the Chief Secretary to the Government. By virtue of his office, he is also the head of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Service. The Director General is assisted by three Deputy Directors General, each responsible for Management, Operations and Logistics. The post is an open one enabling any civil, military or police officer to be appointed to the post. For the purposes of discipline, the Director General is considered to be a member of the general public service of the Federation under Section 4(4). At present the Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement is Admiral Datuk Mohd Amdan bin Kurish MMEA, former Royal Malaysian Navy Fleet Operations Commander.

Officers and other ranks[edit]

The officers and other ranks of the MMEA are appointed by the Public Service Commission as Maritime Enforcement Service officers under Section 5(1) of the Act and are considered civil servants under the Malaysian Civil Service. The Agency also consists of officers and staff from various other Services such as the Administrative and Diplomatic Service, Judicial and Legal Service, Information System Service and others. These personnel are primarily involved in matters of administration, finance, procurement, human resource management, legal affairs and prosecution, and information technology. All Officers are not commissioned by Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King), only Director commissioned. It means, an Armed Forces personnel can't give an honor salute with MMEA Officers.

Headquarters[edit]

The headquarters of the Agency is situated at One IOI Square, IOI Resort, Putrajaya, close to the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The Agency HQ was formerly based in Cyberjaya before it shifted to the present address in April 2006.

Academy[edit]

The Akademi Maritim Sultan Ahmad Shah (AMSAS) or Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) Academy is a coast guard academy. It is located at Gebeng near Kuantan, Pahang.

Operational areas[edit]

Members of MMEA during Hari Merdeka Parade 2013 in Kota Kinabalu

The operational area of the Agency is the Malaysian Maritime Zone which is divided into 5 Maritime Regions consisting of 18 Maritime Districts.

Zon Maritim Semenanjung

Zon Maritim Sabah Sarawak

Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Northern Peninsular Maritime Region Langkawi Island-Bernam River Langkawi, Kedah
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 1 Langkawi Island-Kuala Muda Bukit Malut, Langkawi
Maritime District 2 Kuala Muda-Parit Buntar Batu Uban, Penang
Maritime District 3 Parit Buntar-Bernam River Lumut, Perak
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Southern Peninsular Maritime Region Bernam River-Endau Johor Bahru, Johor
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 4 Bernam River-Sepang Port Klang, Selangor
Maritime District 5 Sepang-Kuala Kesang Linggi, Melaka
Maritime District 6 Kuala Kesang-Johor Causeway Johor Bahru, Johor
Maritime District 7 Johore Causeway-Endau Tanjung Sedili, Johor
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Eastern Peninsular Maritime Region Endau-Tumpat Kuantan, Pahang
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 8 Endau-Tanjung Geliga Kuantan, Pahang
Maritime District 9 Tanjung Geliga-Besut Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Maritime District 10 Besut-Tumpat Tok Bali, Kelantan
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Sarawak Maritime Region Tanjung Datu-Tanjung Baram Kuching, Sarawak
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 11 Tanjung Datu-Igan Kuching, Sarawak
Maritime District 12 Igan-Tanjung Payong Bintulu, Sarawak
Maritime District 13 Tanjung Payong-Tanjung Baram Miri, Sarawak
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Sabah Maritime Region Tanjung Baram-Pulau Sebatik Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 14 Tanjung Baram-Kuala Penyu Labuan
Maritime District 15 Kuala Penyu-Kampung Mendawang Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Maritime District 16 Kampung Mendawang-Beluran Kudat, Sabah
Maritime District 17 Beluran-Kunak Sandakan, Sabah
Maritime District 18 Kunak-Pulau Sebatik Tawau, Sabah

Ranks[edit]

Ranks for officers and other ranks in the Agency are derived from the Royal Malaysian Navy. Officer and Warrant Officer insignia are similar to that of their naval counterparts. Chevrons are used to denote the ranks of Chief Petty Officer and below.

Insignia Rank Maritime Enforcement Service Grade Equivalent Civil Service Grade Equivalent Army/Malaysian Air Force Rank
APMM Laksda.png Rear Admiral Maritime / Malay: Laksamana Muda Maritim Premier Grade C Premier Grade C Major General
APMM Laksma.png First Admiral Maritime / Malay: Laksamana Pertama Maritim X26 Grade 54 Brigadier General
No Image No Equivalent No Equivalent Grade 52 No Equivalent
APMM Kept.png Captain Maritime / Malay: Kapten Maritim X24 Grade 48 Colonel
APMM Kdr.png Commander Maritime / Malay: Komander Maritim X22 Grade 44 Lieutenant Colonel
APMM Lt.Kdr.png Lieutenant Commander Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Komander Maritim X20 Grade 41 Major
APMM Lt.png Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Maritim X17/X18 Grade 41 Captain
APMM Lt.Dya.png Sub Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Madya Maritim X16 Grade 32 Lieutenant
APMM Lt.Muda.png Acting Sub Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Muda Maritim X13 Grade 27 Second Lieutenant
APMM PW1.png Warrant Officer I Maritime / Malay: Pegawai Waran I Maritim X12 Grade 26 Warrant Officer I
APMM PW2.png Warrant Officer II Maritime / Malay: Pegawai Waran II Maritim X10 Grade 22 Warrant Officer II
APMM BK.png Chief Petty Officer Maritime / Malay: Bintara Kanan Maritim X8 Grade 20 Staff Sergeant
APMM BM.png Petty Officer Maritime / Malay: Bintara Muda Maritim X6 Grade 20 Sergeant
APMM LK.png Leading Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kanan Maritim X4 Grade 20 Corporal
APMM LK1.png Able Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kelas I Maritim X2 Grade 17 Lance Corporal
APMM LK2.png Junior Able Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kelas II Maritim X1 Grade 17 Junior Lance Corporal

Special Forces[edit]

The MMEA currently have their own Special Forces unit. Called the STAR (Special Task And Rescue). It is composed of members from the Royal Malaysian Air Force's PASKAU and Royal Malaysian Navy's PASKAL. Their task is to do hostage rescue works in shallow waters that are under MMEA's power. They are also tasked to do anti-terrorist actions in Malaysian waters alongside with the Malaysian Navy. The STAR team are considerably well trained as the members are taken from (Royal Malaysian Air Force) and the Royal Malaysian Navy Special Forces.

On 2 July 2009, the first batch of fresh commando units graduated from Basic Commando Selection alongside with the Royal Malaysian Airforce SFs, PASKAU. They were given American Styled ACUs (Army Combat Uniform), blue PASKAU berets and also the Malaysian Army Zebra Woodland Camouflage uniform.

Malaysian Maritime Zone[edit]

Internal waters and territorial sea[edit]

  • Territorial Sea: 12 nautical miles (22 km) from baseline
  • Sovereignty: part of the territory of Malaysia.
  • Subject to the right of innocent passage for all vessels

Contiguous zone[edit]

  • 24 nautical miles (44 km) from coast.
  • Jurisdiction to prevent or punish infringement of customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws.

Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)[edit]

  • 200 nautical miles (370 km) from coast.
  • Sovereign rights over the management of the resources of the seabed and water column.
  • Jurisdiction in respect of: - construction of artificial islands- marine scientific research - protection and preservation of the marine environment.
  • Subject to the rights of other States including: freedoms of navigation, overflight, and laying of submarine cables.

Continental shelf[edit]

  • 200 nautical miles (370 km) or to the extent of the continental margin.
  • Sovereign rights over the management of the resources of the seabed but not the water column.
  • Jurisdiction in respect of: -construction of artificial islands - drilling on the continental shelf.
  • Subject to the rights of other States including freedoms of navigation, overflight, laying of submarine cables and revenue sharing.


Strength and Equipment[edit]

MMEA Aircraft

Aircraft Photo Role Versions Inventory Notes
Eurocopter Dauphin Multi-purpose helicopter AS365 N3 3 Used for search and rescue and surveillance
Bombardier 415 Water bomber CL-415MP 2 Used for aerial firefighting

MMEA Ships KM is the abbreviation for 'Kapal Maritim', literally "Maritime Ship".

Photo Class Type Quantity Vessel history
Langkawi class Offshore patrol vessel 2 LANGKAWI Class ship is a ship type Ronda Coastal Offshore (OPV) has entered Navy service in 1987. The ship has served for 19 years in the navy. Ship was forfeited credentials on June 23, 06 with full ceremonial navy handed over to the MMEA on the same date. Ships sailed MMHE Pasir Gudang Shipyard for overhaul. Began to enter service in early 2008 MMEA and placed under surveillance WILTIM, however deployment vessel operated by the Maritime Control Center PUTRAJAYA Headquarters. Using the name of a large island that correspond to neighboring countries.
Marlin class Training ship 1 KM MARLIN is a training ship that had been presented by The Nippon Foundation, Japan to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency. Ship was launched on 30 January 2006 and was to be completed in March 2006. A total of 10 members of the MMEA was commissioned to bring back the ship to Malaysia. Ships sailed from Naha, Japan on 4 April 2006 and arrived in Port Klang 14 Apri 2006. Naming ceremony and reception were held at KM MARLIN National Hydrographic Centre on 1 June 2006 with completion by Datin Rosmah Mansor, wife, daughter of the Deputy Prime Minister. KM MARLIN placed under the supervision of the MMEA Training center based in Kuantan, Pahang.
Gagah class Patrol ship 15 Vessel Class Gagah (ex PZ) is PZ class patrol ship that has entered the Services, Marine Police Force in 1980. The vessel has spent 26 years in the Marine Police Force. Ships have been delivered to the MMEA in stages beginning in June 2005 through June 2006. 15 of PZ has been submitted and has started operations in November 2005. Vessel Class Gagah using the name of the leader.
Sipadan class Patrol ship 15 SIPADAN Class (ex PC) is a patrol boat that had entered the navy in the Services, from 1964 to 1968. The ship has served for 42 years in the navy. Ships have been delivered to the MMEA in stages beginning in June 2005 through June 2006. 15 PCs were delivered and commenced operations in November 2005. SIPADAN Class Vessel is the name of the small islands that are national waters.
Nusa class Patrol ship 2 NUSA Vessel Class (ex RAJAWALI) then worked in the service of the Marine Department in early 1993. After 15 years serviced in the Marine Department in April 2006 of two hawks class ships were handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA). In 2006 began a new era for NUSA class ship (ex eagle) served in the service of the MMEA. NUSA Class ships using the name of the reef.
Ramunia class Patrol ship 5 RAMUNIA VESSEL CLASS (ex BAHTERA) then worked in the Customs service in 1983. After 23 years in the service of Customs and in June 2005 of 5 ARK class ships were handed over to the MMEA. In 2006 began a new era for Ramunia class ship (ex ARK) served in the service of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency. Ramunia Class ship to use the name of the bay there are national waters.
Rhu class Patrol ship 2 RHU VESSEL CLASS (ex SIRI 200) then worked in the service of the Fisheries Department in early 1990. Assigned to monitor the local fishermen in the sea. After serviced for 16 years in the Fisheries Department in June 2006, the ship was handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA). Rhu Class ships use the name of cape.
Malawali class Patrol ship 4 MALAWALI VESSEL CLASS (ex BINTANG) then worked in the service of the Marine Department in early 1999. After serviced for 8 years in the Marine Department in April 2006 of 4 STARS class ships were handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA). In 2006 began a new era for Malawali class ship (ex STAR) served in the service of the MMEA. Ship Class Malawali use the name of the strait and the canal.
Tugau class Patrol ship 15 TUGAU VESSEL CLASS (ex - PA) had joined the police service in almost 10 years. In 2011 a total of 15 class ship Tugau been handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA). In 2011 began a new era for Tugau class ship (ex PA) served in the service of the MMEA. Class vessel use the name of coral Tugau.
Semilang class Patrol ship 5 SEMILANG Vessel Class (ex SIRI 100) then worked in the service of the Fisheries Department in 1986. Assigned to monitor the local fishermen in the sea. After 20 years in the service of the Fisheries Department in June 2006, the ship was handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA). Ship Class catfish using fish name.
Peninjau class Patrol ship 1 PENINJAU Boat Class (ex SIRI 300) then worked in the service of the Fisheries Department in early 1990. Assigned to monitor the local fishermen and offshore fish cages built on the shores of the country. After serving for 16 years with Fisheries Department in June 2006, the boat was handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA).
Penyelamat class Patrol ship 4 PENYELAMAT Boat class (ex SAR) then worked in the service of the Marine Department in early 1998. Assigned to search and rescue operations and provide emergency assistance in the event of a disaster at sea. Having worked for 9 years in the service of the Marine Department, in January 2006 by four ex SAR boats were handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA).
Pengawal class Patrol ship 10 PENGAWAL Boat Class (ex GRP) serviced in the Marine Department in early 1999. Assigned to monitor the waters around the country and ships lanes marked state waters. After 8 years serviced in the Marine Department in January 2006 by 10 ex GRP boats were handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA).
Penggalang class Patrol ship 2 PENGGALANG Boat Class built by Destination Marine Services Sdn Bhd in Port Klang. MMEA has ordered a total of 2 to be used as an interceptor boat and special operations that require speed to reach the desired spot. Delivery of the boats was done on 10 September 2007 and was completed by MMEA director Dato 'Mohammad bin Nik. Boats are placed under the supervision of WILSEL. PENGGALANG 1 placed in DM4 (Port Klang) and PENGGALANG 2 placed in DM6 (Johor Bahru) for the operation.
Petir class Patrol ship 9 PETIR Boat Class contribution by TELEKOM MALAYSIA , while another eight have been built in DMC stone chisel. Began operations in 2010 after delivery of the MMEA.
Kilat class Patrol ship 38 KILAT Boat (RHIB) was built by MSET Shipbulding, Rajasthan. KILAT boat built in two categories which are Open Type and Semi Carbin. MMEA has ordered a total of 38 (25 Semi Carbin and 13 Open Type). Boats assigned in special operations that require speed Agency to arrive KET desired spot. The boat was delivered to the MMEA in stages beginning in January 2006. All Region was responsible for operating the boat KILAT.
Pelindung class Patrol ship 5 PELINDUNG Boat Class (ex OBM) started serviced in the Fisheries Department in early 1982. Assigned to operational control and protection of marine parks and fish cages around our waters. After serving for 24 years in the service of the Fisheries Department in June 2006 by five ex OBM boats were handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA).
Pengaman class Patrol ship 1 In early 1994, PENGAMAN Boat Class (exAL) which is known by the name Mastura has been joined to the Marine Department and it was assigned to search and rescue operations and provide emergency assistance in the event of a disaster at sea.After serving for 17 years with Marine Department, in June 2006 the boat was handed over to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA).

Weaponry[edit]

Standard Issue Infantry Weapons
Standard Issue Infantry Weapons Origin Versions Quantity Notes
Handgun Types
Glock 19  Austria Standard Not known -
Shotgun Types
Remington 870 Shotgun  United States Remington M870 Tactical Not known
Submachinegun Types
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Standard Unknown -
Heckler & Koch UMP  West Germany 9mm version Unknown -
Assault rifle Types
Heckler & Koch G36  Germany G36C Unknown Late on delivery caused to replace by SIG SG 553
Colt M4A1 Carbine  United States Standard Unknown STAR only
Colt M16A1  United States Standard Unknown Ex-PDRM and ex-MAF rifles
Steyr AUG  Austria Standard Unknown Ex-MAF
SIG 553  Switzerland Standard Unknown STAR only

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]