Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

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Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia
Abbreviation MMEA / APMM
Crest of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.svg
Logo of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.
Flag of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.svg
Flag of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.
Motto Mengawal Melindung Menyelamat
Guard Protect Save
Agency overview
Formed February 15, 2005- Present
Employees 7000 Officers
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Malaysia
Legal jurisdiction Malaysian Maritime Zone
Governing body Government of Malaysia
Constituting instrument Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004 [Act 633]
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Putrajaya, Malaysia
Elected officer responsible The Rt. Hon. Dato' Seri Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, Prime Minister
Agency executive Admiral Datuk Mohd Amdan bin Kurish RMN, Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement
Parent agency Prime Minister's Department
Facilities
Helicopters Aérospatiale AS 365 Dauphin; Agusta A109; AgustaWestland AW139
Amphibious Aircrafts Bombardier 415
Website
www.mmea.gov.my

The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Abbreviation: MMEA; Malay: Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia; APMM) or also known as Malaysian Coast Guard, is the principal government agency tasked with maintaining law and order and coordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas. It is in effect the coast guard of Malaysia. The Agency is not part of nor are there any plans for it be integrated into the Malaysian Armed Forces. The Agency and its members are part of the Malaysian Civil Service and report directly to the Prime Minister's Department. Currently, the Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, The Rt. Hon. Dato' Seri Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is the Minister responsible for the MMEA.

Background[edit]

The history of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency began with the report on the Feasibility Study on the Establishment of Malaysian Coastguard conducted by National Security Council, Prime Minister's Department. The findings of the report was agreed to by the Government and a Nucleus Team led by Datuk Abu Talib bin Haji Harun, was created with the objective of organizing the creation of the Agency. The Agency was formally established with the enactment of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004 (Act 633) by the Malaysian Parliament in May 2004. Subsequently, the Act received the Royal Assent from the Yang Di Pertuan Agong on 25 June 2004 and was gazetted on 1 July of the same year. On 15 February 2005, the Act came into force. The Agency achieved operational status on 30 November 2005 with the commencement of patrols by MMEA vessels. The agency maintains close ties with the United States and Japanese coast guards. The agency carries out law enforcement work during peace time.

Organisation[edit]

Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement[edit]

A Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement appointed by the Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King) on the advice of the Prime Minister under Section 4(1) of the Act is responsible for the operational direction, command, control and supervision of the Agency. Administratively, the Director General reports directly to the Chief Secretary to the Government. By virtue of his office, he is also the head of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Service. The Director General is assisted by three Deputy Directors General, each responsible for Management, Operations and Logistics. The post is an open one enabling any civil, military or police officer to be appointed to the post. For the purposes of discipline, the Director General is considered to be a member of the general public service of the Federation under Section 4(4). At present the Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement is Admiral Datuk Mohd Amdan bin Kurish MMEA, former Royal Malaysian Navy Fleet Operations Commander.

Officers and other ranks[edit]

The officers and other ranks of the MMEA are appointed by the Public Service Commission as Maritime Enforcement Service officers under Section 5(1) of the Act and are considered civil servants under the Malaysian Civil Service. The Agency also consists of officers and staff from various other Services such as the Administrative and Diplomatic Service, Judicial and Legal Service, Information System Service and others. These personnel are primarily involved in matters of administration, finance, procurement, human resource management, legal affairs and prosecution, and information technology. All Officers are not commissioned by Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King), only Director commissioned. It means, an Armed Forces personnel can't give an honor salute with MMEA Officers.

Headquarters[edit]

The headquarters of the Agency is situated at One IOI Square, IOI Resort, Putrajaya, close to the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The Agency HQ was formerly based in Cyberjaya before it shifted to the present address in April 2006.

Academy[edit]

The Akademi Maritim Sultan Ahmad Shah (AMSAS) or Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) Academy is a coast guard academy. It is located at Gebeng near Kuantan, Pahang.

Operational areas[edit]

Members of MMEA during Hari Merdeka Parade 2013 in Kota Kinabalu

The operational area of the Agency is the Malaysian Maritime Zone which is divided into 5 Maritime Regions consisting of 18 Maritime Districts.

Zon Maritim Semenanjung

Zon Maritim Sabah Sarawak

Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Northern Peninsular Maritime Region Langkawi Island-Bernam River Langkawi, Kedah
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 1 Langkawi Island-Kuala Muda Bukit Malut, Langkawi
Maritime District 2 Kuala Muda-Parit Buntar Batu Uban, Penang
Maritime District 3 Parit Buntar-Bernam River Lumut, Perak
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Southern Peninsular Maritime Region Bernam River-Endau Johor Bahru, Johor
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 4 Bernam River-Sepang Port Klang, Selangor
Maritime District 5 Sepang-Kuala Kesang Linggi, Melaka
Maritime District 6 Kuala Kesang-Johor Causeway Johor Bahru, Johor
Maritime District 7 Johore Causeway-Endau Tanjung Sedili, Johor
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Eastern Peninsular Maritime Region Endau-Tumpat Kuantan, Pahang
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 8 Endau-Tanjung Geliga Kuantan, Pahang
Maritime District 9 Tanjung Geliga-Besut Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Maritime District 10 Besut-Tumpat Tok Bali, Kelantan
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Sarawak Maritime Region Tanjung Datu-Tanjung Baram Kuching, Sarawak
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 11 Tanjung Datu-Igan Kuching, Sarawak
Maritime District 12 Igan-Tanjung Payong Bintulu, Sarawak
Maritime District 13 Tanjung Payong-Tanjung Baram Miri, Sarawak
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Sabah Maritime Region Tanjung Baram-Pulau Sebatik Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 14 Tanjung Baram-Kuala Penyu Labuan
Maritime District 15 Kuala Penyu-Kampung Mendawang Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Maritime District 16 Kampung Mendawang-Beluran Kudat, Sabah
Maritime District 17 Beluran-Kunak Sandakan, Sabah
Maritime District 18 Kunak-Pulau Sebatik Tawau, Sabah

Ranks[edit]

Ranks for officers and other ranks in the Agency are derived from the Royal Malaysian Navy. Officer and Warrant Officer insignia are similar to that of their naval counterparts. Chevrons are used to denote the ranks of Chief Petty Officer and below.

Insignia Rank Maritime Enforcement Service Grade Equivalent Civil Service Grade Equivalent Army/Malaysian Air Force Rank
APMM Laksda.png Rear Admiral Maritime / Malay: Laksamana Muda Maritim Premier Grade C Premier Grade C Major General
APMM Laksma.png First Admiral Maritime / Malay: Laksamana Pertama Maritim X26 Grade 54 Brigadier General
No Image No Equivalent No Equivalent Grade 52 No Equivalent
APMM Kept.png Captain Maritime / Malay: Kapten Maritim X24 Grade 48 Colonel
APMM Kdr.png Commander Maritime / Malay: Komander Maritim X22 Grade 44 Lieutenant Colonel
APMM Lt.Kdr.png Lieutenant Commander Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Komander Maritim X20 Grade 41 Major
APMM Lt.png Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Maritim X17/X18 Grade 41 Captain
APMM Lt.Dya.png Sub Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Madya Maritim X16 Grade 32 Lieutenant
APMM Lt.Muda.png Acting Sub Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Muda Maritim X13 Grade 27 Second Lieutenant
APMM PW1.png Warrant Officer I Maritime / Malay: Pegawai Waran I Maritim X12 Grade 26 Warrant Officer I
APMM PW2.png Warrant Officer II Maritime / Malay: Pegawai Waran II Maritim X10 Grade 22 Warrant Officer II
APMM BK.png Chief Petty Officer Maritime / Malay: Bintara Kanan Maritim X8 Grade 20 Staff Sergeant
APMM BM.png Petty Officer Maritime / Malay: Bintara Muda Maritim X6 Grade 20 Sergeant
APMM LK.png Leading Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kanan Maritim X4 Grade 20 Corporal
APMM LK1.png Able Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kelas I Maritim X2 Grade 17 Lance Corporal
APMM LK2.png Junior Able Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kelas II Maritim X1 Grade 17 Junior Lance Corporal

Special Forces[edit]

The MMEA currently have their own Special Forces unit. Called the STAR (Special Task And Rescue). It is composed of members from the Royal Malaysian Air Force's PASKAU and Royal Malaysian Navy's PASKAL. Their task is to do hostage rescue works in shallow waters that are under MMEA's power. They are also tasked to do anti-terrorist actions in Malaysian waters alongside with the Malaysian Navy. The STAR team are considerably well trained as the members are taken from (Royal Malaysian Air Force) and the Royal Malaysian Navy Special Forces.

On 2 July 2009, the first batch of fresh commando units graduated from Basic Commando Selection alongside with the Royal Malaysian Airforce SFs, PASKAU. They were given American Styled ACUs (Army Combat Uniform), blue PASKAU berets and also the Malaysian Army Zebra Woodland Camouflage uniform.

Malaysian Maritime Zone[edit]

Internal waters and territorial sea[edit]

  • Territorial Sea: 12 nautical miles (22 km) from baseline
  • Sovereignty: part of the territory of Malaysia.
  • Subject to the right of innocent passage for all vessels

Contiguous zone[edit]

  • 24 nautical miles (44 km) from coast.
  • Jurisdiction to prevent or punish infringement of customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws.

Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)[edit]

  • 200 nautical miles (370 km) from coast.
  • Sovereign rights over the management of the resources of the seabed and water column.
  • Jurisdiction in respect of: - construction of artificial islands- marine scientific research - protection and preservation of the marine environment.
  • Subject to the rights of other States including: freedoms of navigation, overflight, and laying of submarine cables.

Continental shelf[edit]

  • 200 nautical miles (370 km) or to the extent of the continental margin.
  • Sovereign rights over the management of the resources of the seabed but not the water column.
  • Jurisdiction in respect of: -construction of artificial islands - drilling on the continental shelf.
  • Subject to the rights of other States including freedoms of navigation, overflight, laying of submarine cables and revenue sharing.


Weaponry[edit]

Standard Issue Infantry Weapons
Standard Issue Infantry Weapons Origin Versions Quantity Notes
Handgun Types
Glock 19  Austria Standard Not known -
Shotgun Types
Remington 870 Shotgun  United States Remington M870 Tactical Not known
Submachinegun Types
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Standard Unknown -
Heckler & Koch UMP  West Germany 9mm version Unknown -
Assault rifle Types
Heckler & Koch G36  Germany G36C Unknown Late on delivery caused to replace by SIG SG 553
Colt M4A1 Carbine  United States Standard Unknown STAR only
Colt M16A1  United States Standard Unknown Ex-PDRM and ex-MAF rifles
Steyr AUG  Austria Standard Unknown Ex-MAF
SIG 553  Switzerland Standard Unknown STAR only

Strength and Equipment[edit]

KM means 'Kapal Maritim'

Patrol Vessels[edit]

  • 15 x Gagah Class Ship
  • 5 x Ramunia Class Ship
  • 2 x Nusa Class Ship
  • 15 x Sipadan Class Ship
  • 2 x Rhu Class Ship
  • 10 x Pengawal Class Ship
  • 1 x Peninjau Class Ship
  • 5 x Pelindung Class Ship
  • 5 x Semilang Class Ship
  • 2 x Penggalang Class Ship
  • 4 x Penyelamat Class Ship
  • 1 x Pengaman Class Ship
  • 38 x Kilat Class Ship
  • 4 x Malawali Class Ship

Offshore Patrol Vessel[edit]

  • 2 x Langkawi Class Patrol Ship

Training Vessel[edit]

  • 1 x Merlin Class Ship[1]

Air Inventory[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
AgustaWestland AW139  Italy Helicopter 3[3]
Bombardier 415  Canada Water Bomber Bombardier CL 415MP 2[4] Last aircraft registered in early 2010
Eurocopter Dauphin  France Helicopter AS365 N3 Dauphin 3[5]

Another leased by Australia to help with Asylum Seeker Crisis.

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]