Malaysian general election, 1964

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Malaysian general election, 1964
1959 ←
25 April 1964
→ 1969

All 104 seats in the Dewan Rakyat
Turnout 78.9%
  First party Second party Third party
  Tunku abd rahman.jpg BurhanuddinHilmi.png Tan Chee Khoon.jpg
Leader Tunku Abdul Rahman Burhanuddin al-Helmy Tan Chee Khoon
Party Alliance PAS Socialist Front
Leader since 23 August 1951 1956 21 March 1964
Leader's seat Kuala Muda Besut Batu
Last election 74 seats, 51.8% 13 seats, 21.3% 8 seats, 12.9%
Seats won 89 9 2
Seat change Increase 15 Decrease 4 Decrease 6
Popular vote 1,204,340 301,187 330,898
Percentage 58.5% 14.6% 16.1%

Prime Minister before election

Tunku Abdul Rahman

Prime Minister-designate

Tunku Abdul Rahman

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General elections were held in West Malaysia on 25 April 1964.[1] The result was a victory for the Alliance Party, which won 89 of the 104 seats. Voter turnout was 78.9%.

The result also contributed towards the eventual expulsion of Singapore from Malaysia. The Singaporean-based People's Action Party decided to run on the mainland, and although it attracted large crowds at its rallies, it won only one seat — that by Devan Nair, who represented the Bangsar constituency (now part of Seputeh and Lembah Pantai constituencies). It is thought by some historians that Finance Minister and MCA President Tan Siew Sin's appeal to the Chinese to avoid challenging the Malay special rights and risk merger with Indonesia helped the MCA retain its status as the "undisputed leader of the Chinese in the Malayan peninsula". Nevertheless, UMNO leaders were furious with the PAP.

By end of 1964, parliamentary general election was not held in Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak. The three states have been allocated a total of 55 seats in the Malaysia Parliament. 15 seats to Singapore, 16 seats for Sabah and 24 seats for Sarawak. Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak held 34% out the 159 seats in the parliament. After Singapore left Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak are only left with 25% of the seats, in effect Sabah and Sarawak are not able to stop the parliament from approving laws that will encroach on the special rights granted to Sabah and Sarawak upon merger to form Malaysia.


Party Votes % Seats +/-
Alliance Party 1,204,340 58.5 89 +15
Malayan Peoples' Socialist Front 330,898 16.1 2 -6
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party 301,187 14.6 9 -4
United Democratic Party 88,223 4.3 1 New
People's Progressive Party 69,898 3.4 2 -2
People's Action Party 42,130 2.0 1 New
Parti Negara 7,319 0.4 0 -1
Independents 13,509 0.7 0 -3
Invalid/blank votes 89,104 - - -
Total 2,146,608 100 104 0
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p152 ISBN 0-19-924959-8