Malaysian general election, 1999

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Malaysian general election, 1999
Malaysia
1995 ←
29 November 1999 (1999-11-29) → 2004

All 193 seats in the Dewan Rakyat
  First party Second party
  Mahathir 2007.jpg BA
Leader Mahathir Mohammad Fadzil Noor
Party Barisan Nasional Barisan Alternatif
Leader since 16 July 1981 (1981-07-16) 24 October 1999 (1999-10-24)
Leader's seat Kubang Pasu Pendang
Last election 162 30[1]
Seats won 147 45
Seat change Decrease15 Increase15
Popular vote 3,748,511 687,340
Percentage 56.53% 40.23
Swing Decrease8.7 Increase8.7

Prime Minister before election

Mahathir Mohammad
Barisan Nasional

Prime Minister-designate

Mahathir Mohamad
Barisan Nasional

Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Malaysia

The 1999 Malaysian General Election was held on 29 November 1999 as stipulated by the laws of Malaysia for general elections. As expected, the Barisan Nasional coalition maintained its majority in parliament, and thus, its grip on the post of Prime Minister.

However, due to the Anwar Ibrahim scandal, the win was one of the lowest experienced by the ruling coalition over the years, since independence, with the exception of the 1969 general election.

Results[edit]

Parliamentary results[edit]

6,631,094 out of 9,564,071 registered voters cast their vote in this election. Although Barisan Nasional maintained its majority in Parliament, its overall popular vote dropped to roughly 56%. The parliamentary results are as follows:

e • d Summary of the 29 November 1999 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results
Votes % of vote Seats % of seats +/–
Barisan Nasional (National Front): 3,748,511 56.53 147 76.56 Decrease19
United Malays National Organization (Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu, UMNO) - - 71 36.98 Decrease22
Malaysian Chinese Association (Persatuan Cina Malaysia, MCA) - - 29 15.10 -
Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Se-Malaysia, MIC) - - 7 3.65 -
Malaysian People's Movement Party (Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia, Gerakan) - - 6 3.13
People's Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk Malaysia, PPP) - - - - -
Parties in Sarawak - - 28 14.58
Parties in Sabah - - 6 3.13 Steady
Barisan Alternatif (Alternative Front): 2,667,818 40.23 42 21.88 Increase26
Islamic Party of Malaysia (Parti Islam SeMalaysia, PAS) 994,279 14.99 27 14.06 Increase19
Democratic Action Party (Parti Tindakan Demokratik, DAP) 830,870 12.53 10 5.21 Increase3
National Justice Party (Keadilan)1 773,679 11.67 5 2.60 1
Parti Rakyat Malaysia (PRM) 68,990 1.04 0 0.00 0
Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS)2 143,342 2.16 3 1.56 Decrease5
State Reform Party2 23,354 0.35 0 0 Steady
Malaysian Democratic Party (Parti Liberal Demokratik, LDP) 8,001 0.12 0 0.0 Steady
BERJASA 409 0.01 0 0
Parti Angkatan Keadilan Insan Malaysia (AKIM) 274 0.00 0 0.0 Steady
Non-partisans 39,385 0.59 0 0 Decrease1
Overall total 6,631,094 100 192 100 N/A

1This is the first election taken part by KeADILan
2Pending to join Barisan Alternatif, but STAR have managed to negotiate with the component parties of BA over all the seats in Sarawak, while PBS could not fully manage the negotiation in Sabah.

State assembly results[edit]

The opposition won a total of 113 state assembly seats, 98 of which went to the PAS, 11 to the DAP and 4 for Keadilan.[2] In the states of Kelantan and Terengganu, the PAS won by a huge margin–41-2 against Barisan Nasional out of a total of 43 seats and 28-4 out of a total of 32 seats respectively, hence allowing them to form the state governments in these states. In addition, PAS also captured one-third of the state seats in Kedah, with the remaining two-thirds going to Barisan Nasional (UMNO won 16 seats, MCA 2 seats in Kedah).

The election results were seen as a great gain for PAS, who previously had no state seats in Kedah and capturing only one seat in Terengganu in the 1995 General Elections. Observers attributed this to the negelect by the Federal Administration in the states of Terengganu and Kelantan.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Template:The previous election was contested under separate parties, mainly PAS and DAP
  2. ^ PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 1999 - DEWAN UNDANGAN NEGERI
  3. ^ Swee-Hock Saw, K. Kesavapany (2006). Malaysia recent trends and challenges. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 97–8. ISBN 981-230-339-1. 

External links[edit]