|The Right Honourable
|Member of Parliament
for Croydon North
Croydon North West (1992-1997)
9 April 1992 – 29 September 2012
|Preceded by||Humfrey Malins|
|Succeeded by||Steve Reed|
|Born||1 July 1947
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
|Died||29 September 2012
|Residence||Croydon, London, England|
|Alma mater||University of North London, London School of Economics|
Malcolm Hunt Wicks (1 July 1947 – 29 September 2012) was a British Labour Party politician and "academic expert on poverty" who was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1992, first for Croydon North West and then for Croydon North, until his death in 2012.
Early life and education
Wicks was born in Hatfield, Hertfordshire to Arthur Wicks, a Labour member of the London County Council and later Greater London Council. He was educated at the independent Elizabeth College, Guernsey; North West London Polytechnic and the London School of Economics gaining a BSc in Sociology.
From 1968-70, he was a research fellow of the Department of Social Administration at the University of York, then a research worker at the Centre for Environmental Studies from 1970-2. Wicks worked in the Urban Deprivation Unit (abolished in 1978) of the Home Office as a social policy analyst from 1974–77, and was a lecturer in Social Administration at Brunel University from 1970-74. From 1977-8, he was a lecturer in Social Policy at the Civil Service College (now called the National School of Government) in Ascot, then research director and secretary of the Study Commission on the Family from 1978-83. He was later Director of the Family Policy Studies Centre from 1983-92. He was the author and co-author of many publications, including Old and Cold: hypothermia and social policy and A Future for All: Do we need the Welfare State? His keen concern about fuel poverty led to him to act as a Trustee of the National Energy Foundation (1988–94).
It was only revealed in his posthumous memoirs that in 1976 Wicks had leaked cabinet papers to Frank Field at the Child Poverty Action Group. This action proved decisive in preventing the Callaghan government from introducing means testing of child benefit.
He was first elected in 1992 for Croydon North West after having previously contested the seat unsuccessfully in 1987.
He was Chairman of the Education Select Committee from 1998 until his July 1999 appointment as Minister for Lifelong Learning in the Department for Education and Employment. In July 2001 he moved to the Department for Work and Pensions, where he spent four years, first as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, and then as Minister of State, for Pensions. In May 2005, he was appointed as Minister for Energy at the Department of Trade and Industry in the post-election Cabinet reshuffle. In a mini-reshuffle on 10 November 2006, following the retirement of Lord Sainsbury, Wicks was appointed as Minister of State for Science and Innovation in the same department.
In Gordon Brown's first reshuffle on 28 June 2007, Wicks was moved to the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, which replaced the Department of Trade and Industry, to resume his old role as Minister for Energy. He was a vice-president of Carers UK and the Alzheimer's Society. Wicks stood down from the government in October 2008, accepting an appointment to the Privy Council and becoming the Prime Minister's special representative on international energy issues. He emerged with enhanced repution during the MPs expenses scandal being deemed a "parliamentary angel."
Wicks was re-elected as the MP for Croydon North on 6 May 2010 with an increased majority of 16,483.
He married Margaret Baron in 1968 and they had a son and two daughters. He died in September 2012 after a long illness, aged 65.
- "Obituaries: Malcolm Wicks". Daily Telegraph. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Julia Langdon (30 September 2012). "Malcolm Wicks obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
- "Late Labour MP Malcolm Wicks admits child benefit leak". BBC. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "Cross-party tributes for former energy minister Wicks". BBC. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- "Labour MP Malcolm Wicks dies at 65". Jersey Evening Post. 29 September 2012.
- Malcolm Wicks official site
- Guardian Unlimited Politics - Ask Aristotle: Malcolm Wicks MP
- TheyWorkForYou.com - Malcolm Wicks MP
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Malcolm Wicks
- Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform - Malcolm Wicks, Minister of State for Energy Biography
- BBC Politics
Articles by Malcolm Wicks
- Tackling Two Challenges: Climate Change and Secure Supply in the United Kingdom - World Energy Magazine Vol. 9 No. 2
- One on one interview with Malcom Wicks and World Energy Television
- "Doctor Who can help save science, says minister" 8 January 2007
- Obituary for Arthur Wicks, by Malcolm Wicks 5 December 2006
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Croydon North West
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Croydon North