Malcolm Wicks

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The Right Honourable
Malcolm Wicks
Malcolm Wicks MP.jpg
Member of Parliament
for Croydon North
Croydon North West (1992-1997)
In office
9 April 1992 – 29 September 2012
Preceded by Humfrey Malins
Succeeded by Steve Reed
Personal details
Born 1 July 1947
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
Died 29 September 2012(2012-09-29) (aged 65)
London, England
Nationality British
Political party Labour
Spouse(s) Margaret Wicks
Residence Croydon, London, England
Alma mater University of North London, London School of Economics

Malcolm Hunt Wicks (1 July 1947 – 29 September 2012) was a British Labour Party politician and "academic expert on poverty"[1] who was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1992, first for Croydon North West and then for Croydon North, until his death in 2012.

Early life and education[edit]

Wicks was born in Hatfield, Hertfordshire to Arthur Wicks, a Labour member of the London County Council and later Greater London Council. He was educated at the independent Elizabeth College, Guernsey; North West London Polytechnic and the London School of Economics gaining a BSc in Sociology.[2]

Early career[edit]

From 1968-70, he was a research fellow of the Department of Social Administration at the University of York, then a research worker at the Centre for Environmental Studies from 1970-2. Wicks worked in the Urban Deprivation Unit (abolished in 1978) of the Home Office as a social policy analyst from 1974–77, and was a lecturer in Social Administration at Brunel University from 1970-74. From 1977-8, he was a lecturer in Social Policy at the Civil Service College (now called the National School of Government) in Ascot, then research director and secretary of the Study Commission on the Family from 1978-83. He was later Director of the Family Policy Studies Centre from 1983-92. He was the author and co-author of many publications, including Old and Cold: hypothermia and social policy and A Future for All: Do we need the Welfare State? His keen concern about fuel poverty led to him to act as a Trustee of the National Energy Foundation (1988–94).

He was involved in politics in Croydon, chairing his local Constituency Labour Party and standing for election to Croydon Council before his election to Parliament.

It was only revealed in his posthumous memoirs that in 1976 Wicks had leaked Cabinet papers to Frank Field at the Child Poverty Action Group. This action proved decisive in preventing the Callaghan government from introducing means testing of child benefit.[3]

Parliamentary career[edit]

He was first elected in 1992 for Croydon North West after having previously contested the seat unsuccessfully in 1987.

Wicks' was one of the few MPs whose Private Member's Bill reached the statute books, with the Carers (Recognition and Services) Act 1995 recognising the needs of family carers.[4]

He was Chairman of the Education Select Committee from 1998 until his July 1999 appointment as Minister for Lifelong Learning in the Department for Education and Employment. In July 2001 he moved to the Department for Work and Pensions, where he spent four years, first as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, and then as Minister of State, for Pensions. In May 2005, he was appointed as Minister for Energy at the Department of Trade and Industry in the post-election Cabinet reshuffle. In a mini-reshuffle on 10 November 2006, following the retirement of Lord Sainsbury, Wicks was appointed as Minister of State for Science and Innovation in the same department.

In Gordon Brown's first reshuffle on 28 June 2007, Wicks was moved to the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, which replaced the Department of Trade and Industry, to resume his old role as Minister for Energy. He was a vice-president of Carers UK and the Alzheimer's Society. Wicks stood down from the government in October 2008, accepting an appointment to the Privy Council and becoming the Prime Minister's special representative on international energy issues. He emerged with enhanced repution during the MPs expenses scandal being deemed a "parliamentary angel."[1]

Wicks was re-elected as the MP for Croydon North on 6 May 2010 with an increased majority of 16,483.

He married Margaret Baron in 1968 and they had a son and two daughters. He died in September 2012 after a long illness, aged 65.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Obituaries: Malcolm Wicks". Daily Telegraph. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Julia Langdon (30 September 2012). "Malcolm Wicks obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Late Labour MP Malcolm Wicks admits child benefit leak". BBC. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Cross-party tributes for former energy minister Wicks". BBC. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  5. ^ "Labour MP Malcolm Wicks dies at 65". Jersey Evening Post. 29 September 2012. 

External links[edit]

Articles by Malcolm Wicks

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Humfrey Malins
Member of Parliament for Croydon North West
19921997
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Croydon North
19972012
Succeeded by
Steve Reed