Male unemployment

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Unemployed men queuing for work at a labour exchange.

Male unemployment is unemployment among men. The cultural change theory has been put forward to explain its occurrence.[1]

The 2008–2012 global recession has been called a "mancession" because of the disproportionate number of men who lost their jobs as compared to women. This gender gap became wide in the United States in 2009, when 10.5% of men in the labor force were unemployed, compared with 8% of women.[2][3] Three quarters of the jobs lost in the recession in the U.S. were held by men.[4][5]

Effects of unemployment on men[edit]

Unemployment has been linked to extremely adverse effects on men's mental health.[6]

Men's traditional role as breadwinner[edit]

Women are fully half the workforce in the U.S.

Future employment concerns for men[edit]

Male educational underachievement[edit]

In the U.S., only 100 men for every 135 women are receiving bachelor's degrees, a gap which is expected to continue widening in the future. However, the reference for this statistic is unavailable. [7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Connelly, Matthew (2008). Fatal Misconception, the Struggle to Control World Populations. Belknap Press. ISBN 978-0674024236. 
  2. ^ Baxter, Sarah (June 7, 2009), "Women are victors in 'mancession'", The Sunday Times (London), retrieved May 12, 2010 
  3. ^ Howard J. Wall (October 2009), The 'Man-Cession' of 2008-2009, Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis 
  4. ^ Daum, Meghan (October 20, 2011), Inside the mating economy, Los Angeles Times 
  5. ^ Vanderkam, Laura (March 4, 2012), The Princess Problem, originally ran in USA Today on August 12, 2009 
  6. ^ Facing the Challenge: The Impact of Recession and Unemployment on Men's Health in Ireland (PDF), Institute of Public Health in Ireland, June 2011 
  7. ^ Crouse, Janice Shaw, The Crisis of the Disappearing Educated Male, Concerned Women for America