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مالیگاوں ( मालेगाव )
|Nickname(s): Manchester Capital Of India|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Tahera Shaikh Rasheed|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Most Widely Spoken||Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 2554-xxxxxx|
Malegaon is located on the Mumbai-Agra national highway (N.H.03) at the confluence of the Mausam and Girna rivers. Situated on the road linking Mumbai and Agra — now National Highway No 3 — it used to be a small junction known as Maliwadi (hamlet of gardens). It quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment in 1740 when a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raje Bahadur, started building a fort in the area. As the fort took 25 years, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area. After the British capture of the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region. The 1857 revolt saw many Muslims from the north locate themselves here, and the pattern kept repeating itself over the years. Malegaon, with its growing Muslim presence, became something of a shelter and a source of employment for the community whenever it faced reversals. If famine in 1862 forced Muslim weavers in the Varanasi area to move to Malegaon, the political upheavals in the Hyderabad of the late 1940s and 1950's saw a similar exodus to the town. Communal riots, specially from the 1960s onward, have also undoubtedly contributed to swelling the number of Muslim migrants to Malegaon.
Malegaon is located at the confluence of Girna and Mausam rivers, at elevation of 438 metres (1437 feet) at  It is located at around 280 km northeast of state capital Mumbai. It has good connectivity with nearby cities like Nashik, Manmad,Mumbai and Dhule..
Malegaon is major hub for cloth weaving using early twentieth century power looms. It has an estimated 3 lakh power looms producing about 1 crore (10 million) meters of cloth every day. It attracts workers from various part of India due to lower cost of living and Muslim dominance. The power loom industry is going through difficult times due to various factors like fluctuating government policies, frequent electricity outage, lack of political will, middleman at every stage and reluctance to migrate to advanced machines. Though it is still a major source of employment, most of workers struggle to make a living. In recent times, the city has observed a change in migration pattern wherein the worker prefer to move to Metros compared to Malegaon for better and stable job opportunities.
Religion and Demographics
Islam is the largest religion followed by 78% of the population while Hindus account for 18% other being Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs.
As of 2011[update] India census, Malegaon city had a population of 1,071,006 and its Urban Agglomeration, (Asia's biggest TALUKA place) 576,425. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Malegaon has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 61%. About 18% of the population is under 6 years of age. In addition, most of the children forced to work at teenage to help the family, because of poverty.
Proposal to carve out Malegaon District
The Nashik District is under proposal to be divided and a separate Malegaon district be carved out. Due to increasing population, the city of Malegaon already have almost all District administration offices.
On 8 September 2006, at least 37 people died and at least 125 were seriously injured when three bomb blasts hit a cemetery in Malegaon town.
On 29 September 2008, the eve of Ramzan, two bombs exploded in Malegaon killing seven persons. Investigations later lead to Hindu militant organization involved in both bombings.
Malegaon's notoriously wacky spoof industry has introduced many classic Hollywood and Bollywood characters to the satellite town of Malegaon by giving them its quintessential dialogue, looks, circumstances and well, food. After having conquered local imagination with such cult spoofs as Malegaon ke Sholay, Malegaon ka James Bond and Supermen of Malegaon, the impoverished film-maker invaded national television with his second version of Malegaon Ka Chintu, Chintu ban gaya Gentleman, a mute comedy based loosely on Mr Bean.
The vast city's education system has been able to support various languages (Urdu/Marathi/English) through numerous institutions. Though there are enough number of schools available for primary education, there is an urgent need of educational institutions for professional graduation courses. The students of Malegaon are forced to travel to nearby cities for higher education.
Urdu in Malegaon
Malegaon is major centre of the Urdu language. Urdu is prevalent in all eastern parts of city. One can find sign boards in Urdu in all parts of city much similar to undivided India. Malegaon Municipal Corporation releases its meeting agenda's and proceedings in Urdu since 4th Dec 2013.
- "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Malegaon". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2013-09-28.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Malegaon.|
- Indian Express article: A Town Called Malegaon
- Indian Express article on Hyderabad & Malegaon Blasts
- Malegaon Blast in Pictures
- Film maker video parlour spoof
- Bollywood films cinema halls Malegon Ke Sholay
- Supermen of Malegaon at the Internet Movie Database, a documentary about Muslim film fans from Malegaon and how they started making "Malegaonized" versions of Bollywood and Hollywood films.