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Malegaon Fort
Malegaon Fort
Malegaon is located in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 20°33′N 74°33′E / 20.55°N 74.55°E / 20.55; 74.55Coordinates: 20°33′N 74°33′E / 20.55°N 74.55°E / 20.55; 74.55
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Nashik
Taluka Malegaon
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Ibrahim seth National wala
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • City 471,006
 • Rank 94
 • Metro[2] 576,425
 • Official Marathi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 423203
Telephone code 91 2554-xxxxxx
Vehicle registration MH-41
Website Malegaon Corporation

Malegaon is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Nashik District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Malegaon is second largest city of Nashik district after Nashik city itself.


Malegaon is located on the Mumbai-Agra national highway (N.H.03) at the confluence of the Mausam and Girna rivers. Situated on the road linking Mumbai and Agra — now National Highway No 3 — it used to be a small junction known as Maliwadi (hamlet of gardens). It quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment in 1740 when a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raje Bahadur, started building a fort in the area. As the fort took 25 years, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area. After the British capture of the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region. The 1857 revolt saw many Muslims from the north locate themselves here, and the pattern kept repeating itself over the years. Malegaon, with its growing Muslim presence, became something of a shelter and a source of employment for the community whenever it faced reversals. If famine in 1862 forced Muslim weavers in the Varanasi area to move to Malegaon, the political upheavals in the Hyderabad of the late 1940s and 1950s saw a similar exodus to the town. Communal riots, specially from the 1960s onward, have also undoubtedly contributed to swelling the number of Muslim migrants to Malegaon.


Malegaon is located at the confluence of Girna and Mausam rivers, at elevation of 438 metres (1437 feet) at 18°25′N 77°32′E / 18.42°N 77.53°E / 18.42; 77.53.[3] It is located at around 280 km northeast of state capital Mumbai. It has good connectivity with nearby cities like Nashik, Manmad,Mumbai and Dhule.

Industry and Economy[edit]

Malegaon is major hub for cloth weaving using early twentieth century power looms. The era of power looms in Malegaon emerged after 1935. Malegaon was a traditional handloom-weaving center in Maharashtra. Most of the preparatory work before weaving like starching the yarn, transferring it over the tubes, preparing tanabana was done by the women. Even after power looms were introduced, women continued to help their menfolk in the weaving procedure.

With the introduction of power looms, the cloth industry in Malegaon flourished due to increased productivity. Many people bought power looms and very few were left with handlooms.It has an estimated 3 lakh power looms producing about 1 crore (10 million) meters of cloth every day. It attracts workers from various part of India, majority of migrants from U.P., Khandesh and Deccan, due to lower cost of living and Muslim dominance.

Malegaon of late has been diversifying and new industries are rapidly expanding. PVC pipe manufacturing is one such industry. Malegaon is soon becoming a regional center for PVC pipes.

In recent times,The power loom industry is going through difficult phase due to various factors like fluctuating government policies, frequent electricity outage, lack of political will, middleman at every stage and reluctance to migrate to advanced machines. Though it is still a major source of employment, most of workers struggle to make a living. As a result, the city has observed a change in migration pattern wherein the worker prefer to move to Metros compared to Malegaon for better and stable job opportunities.

Religion and Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[4] Malegaon city had a population of 576,425. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Malegaon has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 61%. About 18% of the population is under 6 years of age. In addition, most of the children are forced to work at teenage to help the family, because of poverty.

Proposal to carve out Malegaon District[edit]

The Nashik District is under proposal to be divided and a separate Malegaon district be carved out. Due to increasing population, the city of Malegaon already have almost all District administration offices.


On 8 September 2006, at least 37 people died and at least 125 were seriously injured when three bomb blasts hit a cemetery in Malegaon town.

On 29 September 2008, the eve of Ramzan, two bombs exploded in Malegaon killing seven persons. Investigations later lead to Hindu militant organization involved in both bombings.


Malegaon's notoriously wacky spoof industry has introduced many classic Hollywood and Bollywood characters to the satellite town of Malegaon by giving them its quintessential dialogue, looks, circumstances and well, food. After having conquered local imagination with such cult spoofs as Malegaon ke Sholay, Malegaon ka James Bond and Supermen of Malegaon, the impoverished film-maker invaded national television with his second version of Malegaon Ka Chintu, Chintu ban gaya Gentleman, a mute comedy based loosely on Mr Bean.


The vast city's education system has been able to support various languages (Marathi/English/Urdu) through numerous institutions. There are enough number of schools available for primary, Secondary and Higher Scondary education. There are junior colleges and senior colleges too affiliated by Pune Uniersity. One can find the engineering college also but there is an urgent need of Medical Colleges and Management Institutions. The students of Malegaon are forced to travel to nearby cities for higher education.

Urdu in Malegaon[edit]

With hundreds of Urdu Schools, Colleges and Madrasas, Malegaon is major centre of the Urdu language in modern India. Urdu is prevalent in all eastern parts of city. There still exists sign boards in Urdu in all parts of city much similar to undivided India. Malegaon Municipal Corporation releases its meeting agenda's and proceedings in Urdu since 4th Dec 2013. Malegaon Municipal Corporation has been named with freedom fighter and first Indian education minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Bhawan, Malegaon. Malegaon is full of Urdu lovers, poets, writers and journalists. Malegaon hosted ten days Urdu Festival starting from 3rd Jan 2014.

Malegaon Urdu book fair breaks NCPUL's all time best sale record Malegaon: Already in the headlines for breaking the opening day and Bangalore's sale record, the Malegaon Urdu Book Fair on Thursday recoded a total sale of more than fifty-five lakh rupees breaking the National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language's all time best sale record.

"The All India Urdu Book Fair organised by the National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language قومی کونسل براے فروغ اردو زبان in Malegaon has recorded a total sale of more than fifty-five lakh rupees in last seven days. This is more than the total sale in ten days of Mumbai's book fair which was organised by the NCPUL in January 2011", councils' research officer Khurram Shahanawaz said while talking to

Mumbai had recorded the total sale of Rs.53,00,000/-, which was NCPUL's best in 14 book fairs.

The Malegaon book fair had earlier broken the opening day sale record on Friday and on Sunday it surpassed the total ten-day sale of Bangalore book fair which was organised by the NCPUL in September 2013.

A total of 38 publishers from all across the country are showcasing Urdu books of different titles and on wide ranging topics in 62 stalls.

What makes Malegaon's sale record more significant that it is the first time the NCPUL has organised its book fair at a Taluka place.

"All our stocks finished within two days and we had to ask for fresh stock. We had not expected such a huge response. People are pouring in to visit the book fair and what is amazing is that most of them are purchasing books", Mrs Nazima Nikhat of Honey Books, New Delhi said while talking to the

Besides men of all ages, the book fair is attracting a large number of women and children. Though Ejaz Publishing House has recorded the maximum sales so far, the most sought after stall is Maktaba Al Hasanat, New Delhi which has recorded a sale of more than one lakh each day.

"The Book 'Zinda Rood', the biography of Allama Iqbal written by his son Javed Iqbal costing Rs.1200/-, has been the best-selling book so far. Among other best sellers are the books on religion, history, Geography, Medical, Science, Economics, Urdu literature and recipe besides a huge demand for children literature.

This successful URDU MELA was the result of participation of Urdu lover of Malegaon and suburban cities. Malegaon dwellers and Urdu lovers spent their own money for the publicity of this event.


  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Malegaon". Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

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