Mali Iđoš

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Not to be confused with Iđoš.
Mali Iđoš
Мали Иђош
Kishegyes
Village
Church of Saint Anne in Mali Iđoš
Church of Saint Anne in Mali Iđoš
Coat of arms of Mali Iđoš
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Mali Iđoš within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Mali Iđoš within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°42′25″N 19°39′52″E / 45.70694°N 19.66444°E / 45.70694; 19.66444Coordinates: 45°42′25″N 19°39′52″E / 45.70694°N 19.66444°E / 45.70694; 19.66444
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District North Bačka
Settlements 3
Government
 • Mayor Csóré Róbert
Area[1]
 • Municipality 175 km2 (68 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 4,830
 • Municipality 11,926
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 24321
Area code +381 24
Car plates SU
Map of Mali Iđoš municipality
Ethnic map of the Mali Iđoš municipality

Mali Iđoš (Serbian and Montenegrin Cyrillic: Мали Иђош, pronounced [mâːliː îdʑoʃ]; Hungarian: Kishegyes, pronounced [ˈkiʃhɛɟɛʃ]) is a village and municipality in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. The municipality comprises three local communities and has a population of 12,031, of whom 6,486 (53.91%) are ethnic Hungarians, 2,388 are Serbs (19.85%) and 1,956 are Montenegrins (16.26%). Mali Iđoš village has a population of 4,830.

Name[edit]

The first part of the name of the village, "mali" ("little" in English), was given in contrast to the village with similar name (Iđoš), which is situated in northern Banat.

Inhabited places[edit]

Mali Iđoš municipality includes the following villages:

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Mali Iđoš municipality is 12,031. By ethnic structure:[3]

By language:

By religion:

Local communities with a Hungarian majority are Mali Iđoš and Feketić. There is one local community with a Montenegrin majority: Lovćenac.

History[edit]

The name of Kishegyes was first mentioned in historical documents in 1476, without naming the shire, when the estates of the Maróthi family in the region of the Tisza river were counted. On 16 February 1462 Matthias Corvinus gave the settlements listed in the document as a present to his mother, Erzsébet Szilágyi. The destruction of the village started in 1514. The riot of György Dózsa required not only material damages, demolitions, driving away of cattle, but also a huge number of human victims. All this was followed by the defeat of Mohács. After the battle, the victor, the general of sultan Suleiman the Magnificent withdrew between the Danube and the Tisza rivers. The institutional Turkish subjection started after the fall of Buda, in 1541. The village became totally destroyed under Turkish occupation in the 16th century. The later Turkish tax assessment registers mention Kishegyes in the nahije of Szabadka with 18 houses to pay taxes in 1580-82 and 1590–91, and 17 in Nagyhegyes in 1580 and 23 houses in 1590. In 1652 the inhabitants of Hegyes paid taxes to Ferenc Wesselényi. It was repopulated in 1769 by 81 Roman Catholic Hungarian families from Békésszentandrás.[4] During the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 in Battle of Hegyes, the Hungarian soldiers gained a victory in Kishegyes on 14 July 1849. The region is extremely well suited for agriculture and the village increased in wealth and population until the 1980s. In the 1990s the local economy was ruined and young people began to emigrate to Hungary. Today the rate of unemployment is appr. 30 percent, and the Agricultural Cooperative and the Commercial Company went bankrupt. After the end of the civil war in Croatia and Bosnia (1995–96) Serbian refugees arrived to Mali Iđoš (Kishegyes). There are no ethnic tensions between native Hungarians and the Serbian refugees.

Historical population of the village[edit]

  • 1961: 6,860
  • 1971: 6,603
  • 1981: 6,271
  • 1991: 5,803
  • 2002: 5,464
  • 2011: 4,830

Sights[edit]

The oldest building in Mali Iđoš is the baroque Roman Catholic Church of St. Anne (1788) on the Main Street. There is an old Calvary, the obelisk of the Battle of Kishegyes and the ruins of the Pecze Mansion. The natural attractions are the River Krivaja and the imposing loessal walls of the Hills of Telečka.

Famous people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Mali Iđoš is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External links[edit]