Malian parliamentary election, 2007

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Malian parliamentary election, 2007
Mali
2002 ←
1 & 22 July 2007
→ 2013

All 160 seats to the National Assembly
  Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
Leader Younoussi Touré Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
Alliance ADP FDR
Seats won 113 15

President before election

Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
RPM

Elected President

Dioncounda Traoré
ADEMA-PASJ

Coat of arms of Mali.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mali

A parliamentary election was held in Mali on 1 July 2007 and 22 July.[1] In the first round, there were about 1,400 candidates for 147 seats in the National Assembly.[2]

The parliamentary election followed the April 2007 presidential election, in which President Amadou Toumani Touré won a second term with 71.20% of the vote.[3]

Background[edit]

The election was conducted on the basis of candidate lists for each electoral district. 535 lists were deposited with the Constitutional Court in May: 125 joint lists for parties running candidates on the same list, another 278 lists for individual parties, and a further 132 independent lists.[4][5] Five lists were rejected by the Constitutional Court on May 31: three independent lists (one in Tominian and two in Goundam), one joint list for the Alliance for Democracy in Mali (ADEMA), the Union for the Republic and Democracy (URD), and the Party for National Rebirth (PARENA) in Nioro du Sahel, and one joint list for the Patriotic Movement for Renewal (MPR) and URD in Mopti.[6]

Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta of the Rally for Mali (RPM) and Oumar Mariko of the African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence (SADI), both of whom were defeated in the 2007 presidential election, stood as candidates in the parliamentary election: Keïta in Commune IV in Bamako, where 17 lists competed for the two available seats in the first round,[7] and Mariko at the head of a list in Kolondieba.[8] PARENA leader and 2007 presidential candidate Tiébilé Dramé was running on the ADEMA-URD-PARENA list in Nioro du Sahel that was rejected by the Constitutional Court on May 31. In rejecting this list, the Court said that one of the candidates on the list, Cheickna Hamala Bathily, had multiple birthplaces recorded.[6]

First round[edit]

The campaign for the election began on June 10[9] and continued until June 29.[10]

The opposition sought a new voter file and new voter registration cards for the election, but this did not occur.[10] 900 observers were accredited for the election, 700 of whom were Malian and 200 of whom were international observers.[11]

The first round of the election on July 1 reportedly proceeded without incident, although voting was extended by four hours in Ségou due to heavy rain.[11] Voter turnout was reportedly low. President Touré attributed this to Mali's system of automatic voter registration and uninspiring politicians, while Keïta argued that the voters were disillusioned, pointing to the April presidential election, which he alleged was fraudulent.[12]

Final first round results from the Constitutional Court were announced on July 14,[13][14] confirming provisional results released on July 6.[14] 13 seats were won in the first round, all of them by parties included in the pro-Touré Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ADP) coalition: nine seats for the Alliance for Democracy in Mali (ADEMA), three for the Union for the Republic and Democracy (URD), and one for the National Rally for Democracy (RND).[13] Out of 55 districts, eight were decided in the first round, leaving 47 districts (and 134 seats) to be decided in the second round.[15] In the eight districts won in the first round, an ADEMA-RND list won three seats in Mopti District, a URD list (including former prime minister Younoussi Touré) won two seats in Niafunké District, an ADEMA list won one seat in Diré District, an ADEMA list won three seats in Gao District, an ADEMA list won one seat in Ménaka District, an ADEMA list won one seat in Abeibara District, a URD list won one seat in Téssalit District, and an ADEMA list won one seat in Tin-Essako District.[16] Voter turnout in the first round was placed at 33.39%.[17]

Second round[edit]

The campaign for the second round began on July 15.[15] Although Touré urged people to vote, voter turnout in the second round was reportedly low.[18]

Provisional second round results showed the ADP had won a total of 116 seats (in both rounds). Of the ADP parties, ADEMA had the most seats with a total of 55, followed by URD with a total of 35. The opposition parties grouped into the Front for Democracy and the Republic (FDR) had 15 seats, 11 for the RPM and four for PARENA. SADI, which is not part of the ADP or the FDR, had four seats. Independents had 13 seats.[19]

Final results announced by the Constitutional Court on August 11 showed the ADP with 113 seats (including 51 for ADEMA and 34 for the URD), the FDR with 15 seats, independents with 15 seats, and SADI with four seats. ADEMA lost four of the seats it had in the provisional results due to the court's ruling that electoral fraud occurred in three districts: Koulikoro, Goundam and Tombouctou.[20] 15 parties won seats.[21]

A number of important politicians failed to win seats in the first round and faced the second round: Keïta, Mariko, National Congress for Democratic Initiative President Mountaga Tall in Ségou, and ADEMA President Dioncounda Traoré in Nara.[22] All of them were successful in the second round.[23] Second round turnout was estimated at about 12% in Bamako and 33% in the countryside.[24]

Observers from the West African Economic and Monetary Union praised the organization of the second round on July 24, but criticized low voter turnout.[25] A few arrests for fraud were reported, mostly of people with multiple voter cards.[26]

New National Assembly[edit]

The new National Assembly began its new term on September 3. On this date it voted on a new President of the National Assembly, choosing between two ADP candidates: ADEMA's Dioncounda Traoré (who is also President of the ADP) and CNID's Mountaga Tall. Traoré prevailed, receiving 111 votes against 31 for Tall. There were five invalidated votes.[27][28]

e • d Summary of the 1 July and 22 July 2007 Malian parliamentary election results
Parties Votes % Seats
1st round
Seats
2nd round
Seats
abroad
Total
seats
Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ADP) Alliance for Democracy in Mali (ADEMA) 9 42 51
Union for the Republic and Democracy (URD) 3 31 34
Patriotic Movement for Renewal (MPR) 0 8 8
National Congress for Democratic Initiative (CNID) 0 7 7
Union for Democracy and Development (UDD) 0 3 3
Movement for the Independence, Renaissance, and Integration of Africa (MIRIA) 0 2 2
Party for Solidarity and Progress (PSP) 0 2 2
Alternation Bloc for Renewal, Integration, and African Cooperation (BARICA) 0 2 2
Bloc for Democracy and African Integration (BDIA) 0 1 1
Citizens' Party for Revival (PCR) 0 1 1
National Rally for Democracy (RND) 1 0 1
Sudanese Union-African Democratic Rally (US-RDA) 0 1 1
Front for Democracy and the Republic (FDR) Rally for Mali (RPM) 0 11 11
Party for National Rebirth (PARENA) 0 4 4
African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence (SADI) 0 4 4
Independents 0 15 15
Representatives of Malians living abroad 13 13
Total (turnout 33.39% in first round) 13 134 13 160
Source: Les Echos, Panapress, L'Essor

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Législatives au Mali: la mouvance présidentielle en tête au 1er tour", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), July 6, 2007 (French).
  2. ^ Mamadi Tounkara, "Qui d’entre eux tombera au second tour ?", Nouvel Horizon (lemali.fr), July 4, 2007 (French).
  3. ^ "Présidentielle au Mali: la Cour constitutionnelle valide la réélection de Touré", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), May 12, 2007 (French).
  4. ^ Denis Koné, "Mali: 147 sièges pour 1400 prétendants", Les Echos (allAfrica.com), May 24, 2007 (French).
  5. ^ "1,400 candidates vie for 147 parliamentary seats in Mali", African Press Agency, May 21, 2007.
  6. ^ a b "suite", Essor.gov.ml, June 5, 2007 (French).
  7. ^ B. S. Diarra, "Faut-il abattre IBK ?", lemali.fr, June 18, 2007 (French).
  8. ^ "Mali ’s defeated presidential candidates participate in legislative polls", African Press Agency, June 1, 2007.
  9. ^ "Campaign for Mali’s legislative poll begins Sunday", African Press Agency, June 10, 2007.
  10. ^ a b "Mali: premier tour dimanche des élections législatives", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), July 1, 2007 (French).
  11. ^ a b "Mali: premier tour des élections législatives, faible participation", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), July 1, 2007 (French).
  12. ^ "Malian political community ponders over low turnout in legislative polls", African Press Agency, July 2, 2007.
  13. ^ a b "Mali: ADEMA wins first round of legislative polls", Panapress (afriquenligne.fr), July 15, 2007.
  14. ^ a b S. Doumbia, "Résultats du premier tour des législatives : La cour constitutionnelle confirmé", L'Essor, July 16, 2007 (French).
  15. ^ a b "Campaign for legislative run-off kicks off in Mali", African Press Agency, July 16, 2007.
  16. ^ "Listes élues au premier tour", L'Essor, July 20, 2007 (French).
  17. ^ "Résultats complets provisoires du premier tour des législatives : Ça promet pour le deuxième tour", L'Essor, July 9, 2007 (French).
  18. ^ "Législatives au Mali: participation faible malgré l'appel du président Touré", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), July 22, 2007 (French).
  19. ^ "Résultats des législatives : La carte de l'Assemblée Nationale se dessine", L'Essor, n°15998, July 26, 2007 (French).
  20. ^ "Mali: Résultats définitifs des Législatives - l'Adéma/PASJ perd dans trois localités", Les Echos (allAfrica.com), August 13, 2007 (French).
  21. ^ "Epilogue des consultations générales de 2007 au Mali", African Press Agency, August 11, 2007 (French).
  22. ^ Mamadi Tounkara, "Qui d’entre eux tombera au second tour ?", Nouvel Horizon (lemali.fr), July 4, 2007 (French).
  23. ^ "Liste des députés élus à l’Assemblée nationale", L'Indépendant (lemali.fr), July 24, 2007 (French).
  24. ^ Naomi Schwarz, "President's Coalition Wins Large Majority in Mali Legislative Elections", VOA News, July 25, 2007.
  25. ^ "Législatives au Mali: bonne organisation, faible participation", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), July 25, 2007 (French).
  26. ^ "Mali's ruling coalition sweeps to victory", AFP (IOL), July 25, 2007.
  27. ^ "Dioncounda Traoré élu président de l'Assemblée nationale : Presque un plébiscite !", L'Essor, n°16026, September 4, 2007 (French).
  28. ^ "Mali: Dioncounda Traoré élu président de l'Assemblée nationale", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), September 3, 2007 (French).