Malihabad

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Malihabad
city
Malihabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Malihabad
Malihabad
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°56′N 80°43′E / 26.94°N 80.72°E / 26.94; 80.72Coordinates: 26°56′N 80°43′E / 26.94°N 80.72°E / 26.94; 80.72
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Lucknow
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 15,806
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Malihabad (Hindi: मलीहाबाद, Urdu: ملیح آباد‎) is a town and a nagar panchayat in Lucknow district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the mango belt of North India and is internationally acclaimed for its mangoes. Among different varieties of mangoes grown here, Dussheri is the most popular variety. Besides Dussehri, other varieties of mangoes such as Chausa, Fazli, Lucknowa, Jauhari, Safeda, etc. are also grown here.

History[edit]

The town of Malihabad was established by Raja Malhia Arakh, the younger of the brave brother duo, Salhia and Malhia, belonging to the warrior Arakh clan. Of the two brothers, Raja Salhia Singh laid the foundation of Salhiapura town, which is now known as Sandila, while Raja Malhia Singh founded Malhiapura, now called as Malihabad. Raja Malhia Singh Arakh made Malihabad a contemporary power and a prosperous town. During his rule, Arakh dominion stretched south of Malihabad to parts of Kakori and Bijnour, and along the left bank of Sai to Sissandi. Arakhs held sway over Malihabad and adjoining areas including Datli till 15th century. In 1470 A.D., two brothers of Gautam tribe, Deva Rai and Naya Rana came as a refugee to Malihabad after being exiled from Argal state of Gautams. After winning over the confidence of the Arakh king, they conspired with Pathans to overthrow Arakhs from Malihabad and establish their control. Their efforts paid off when after a prolonged struggle with Arakhs, Gautam brothers took over the control of Malihabad. But soon after, they were themselves displaced by the brave Pathans. The mango plantations of Malihabad were developed by Pathans, under the royal patronage of the Nawabs of Lucknow.

Malihabad prides itself on Nawab Faqueer Mohammad Khan 'Goya', the poet and courtier of Awadh; "shaayar-e-inquilaab" Shabbir Hasan Khan 'Josh Malihabadi’, who later migrated to Pakistan; Ghaus Mohammad Khan, the tennis player and Anwar Nadeem, stage artist, writer and poet.

Geography[edit]

Malihabad is located at 26°55′N 80°43′E / 26.92°N 80.72°E / 26.92; 80.72.[1] It has an average elevation of 128 metres (419 feet). Famous Urdu poet Hanif Akhgar of USA President of Halqae Fann-o-Adab North America is also born in Malihaabad (he was a director in UNDP)

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Malihabad had a population of 15,806. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Malihabad has an average literacy rate of 52%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 59%, and female literacy is 45%. In Malihabad, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Malihabad
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
51%
Muslims
  
48%
Others†
  
1%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Economics[edit]

Dasheri mango plantations is one of the major income source of the region, with mangoes being exported to many neighbouring countries. Dasheri Mango is very delicious and famous for its sweetness and soft pulp.


Film[edit]

The Filmfare Award winner (1979) and winner of National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi (1978), film Junoon was mostly shot in the Mahals of Malihabad. The 1978 Urdu film was produced by Shashi Kapoor and directed by Shyam Benegal and was a hit of its time. The film was based on Ruskin Bond Novella A Flight of Pigeons

References[edit]