Malik clan (Bihar)
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Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya Bihari (Rahmatullah Alaihi)
Mallicks from Bihar, India, are descendents of Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya Bihari (Rahmatullah Alaihi). Syed Ibrahim came to India during the time of Sultan Mohammad Tughlaq in 740 Hijri. (1339 A.D.). Syed Ibrahim's ancestors were native of Baghdad who migrated to Afghanistan and settled in the district of Budt Nagar, which was located in Ghazni.
The Muslim population of Bihar was around 13% before the partition of India in 1947. At that time, Syed “Mallicks” constituted about 25% of the Muslim population of Bihar, mostly concentrated in the villages and towns in the districts of Patna, Bihar Sharif, Gaya, Jehanabad, Arwal, Nawada, Jamui, Ara, Munger and Sheikhpura. Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya Bihari (or Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya, Mallick Bayyu) (born near Ghazni, in (Afghanistan) is the progenitor of the Syed “Mallicks” Muslim community of Bihar, India. His ancestors had migrated to the region from Baghdad to escape from persecution at the hands of the Abbasids. Syed Ibrahim Mallick came to India in 740 Hijri (1339 AD), where he served as a general in Sultan Mohammad Tughlaq's army. After several successful battles and campaigns he received the title of “Mallicks Baya” from the Sultan Tughlaq, and was later appointed the Governor of the district of Bihar by the Sultan's son.
Arrival in India
Syed Ibrahim Mallick settled in Bihar Sharif (India) with his family, and ruled over the region until his assassination on Monday, 13th Zul-Hijjah, 753 Hijri (1353 AD). Syed Ibrahim Mallick`s tomb is over a hill known as Pir Pahari in Bihar Sharif. Descendants of Syed Ibrahim Mallick include the Surname title “Mallicks” from Bihar, India, villages and towns in the districts of Patna, Bihar Sharif, Gaya, Jehanabad, Arwal, Nawada, Jamui, Sheikhpura, and today is largely Syed “Mallick” family community in Jamshedpur (Tatanagar) in the state of Jharkhand, now scattered throughout the region, including Karachi (Pakistan), Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan), there is a fairly large community in the U.S.A, U.K, other countries of Europe, Canada as well and some of these villages may not have now a single Syed “Mallicks” family there. However, the names of these villages are still of historical importance and for the purpose of record and identification of the Syed “Mallicks” whose forefathers hailed from these villages.
At the time of Sultan Tughlaq (1290 AD-1351 AD), even though the State of Bihar was under the control of Delhi, for all practical purposes, its rulers were autonomous. The Sultan received numerous complaints against the Raja Bithal, the Governor (Subedar) of Bihar, who was not only a tyrant but also a rebel against the Sultan of Delhi.
The Sultan sent his general, Syed Ibrahim Mallick, to punish Raja Bithal. After a fierce battle, the Raja was killed and his army was defeated. The conquest of Bihar was a remarkable achievement, and on this occasion, the Sultan conferred upon Syed Ibrahim Mallick the title of “Madarul Mulk” means Mallick or Saif-o-Daulat (Administrator and King of Sword and Wealth). It is recorded that the Sultan was so jubilant by this victory, that in his court he himself came down to receive and greet Syed Ibrahim Mallick. After an exchange of greetings, Sultan Mohammad bin Tughlaq said to Syed Ibrahim Mallick in Persian (the official language at the time) “Mallicks Baya, Be-nashin” meaning “O King come and sit next to me” and led Syed Ibrahim Mallick to his seat. The Sultan bestowed this great honor upon him. Since then, he was called “Malliks Baya”. The Sultan appointed Syed Ibrahim Mallick as the governor of the state of Bihar. He chose to settle with his family and relatives in Bihar Sharif.
Syed Ibrahim Mallick was a distinguished military general, and an eminent Sufi (saint) as well. He was a descendent of Hazrat Ali (Karrama'llah Wajhahu) and when the Abbasyds persecuted his ancestors, they escaped to Ghazni. He was born and raised in Ghazni. Syed Ibrahim Mallick received his education and military training in Ghazni and then he came to Delhi to serve under the tutelage of Sultan Mohammad bin Tughlaq, who was famous for his magnificent patronage of intellectuals, scholars, and talented military generals of his time. Besides Syed Ibrahim Mallick, Ibn Batuta, the famous traveler and pioneer explorer, and other people like him came from all over the world to serve the Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq.
In Bihar, Syed Ibrahim Mallick led many expeditions such as Deora and Khatangi etc., and defeated Raja Baithal and was appointed Governor of Bihar by Sultan Mohammad bin Tughlaq. Syed Ibrahim Mallick also served as Governor of Bihar and general for a few years from 1351-1353 AD/751-753 AH, during the reign of Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq, Cousin of Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq. During his reign, he fought his last pitched battles with Raja Hans Kumar and conquer Rohtasgarh Fort.
When the fighting finally stopped, Syed Ibrahim Mallick established law and order in the region. After peace prevailed, one night Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya left the fort, when a group of enemy soldiers, hiding in the darkness outside the fort, perpetrated a sneak attack on this general from behind and killed him. Syed Ibrahim Mallick died on Sunday, 13th Dul Hajj 753 AH corresponding to 20 January 1353 AD. His body was brought to Bihar Sharif for burial, where he had lived nearly his entire life with his family, relatives, and kinsmen.
Syed Ibrahim Mallick or Bayyu one of the Great saints of Bihar. The descendants of the eight children of Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya multiplied over 600 years and constituted a significant portion of the Muslim community in Bihar. The tomb is said to have built by Syed Daud Mallick, The eldest of the seven sons of the saint, who is also buried inside the tomb. The tomb of Syed Ibrahim Mallick is located in Bihar Sharif, at the hilltop of Pir Pahari, one mile west of the town. The mausoleum is an extraordinary structure of a rare quality of bricks, which have withstood the ravages of time and the unrelenting devastation of weather for the last 600 years.
After 600 years, the structure stands as if it were built in recent days. Besides Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya’s tomb, there are 10 graves of his wife, sons, daughters, grandson, nephew and brother inside the dome. Names of this sons Badruddin Mallick, Sadaruddin Mallick, Mohammad Mohsin Mallick, Syed Daud Mallick, one daughter Syeda Bibi Munehiya, one Nephew, one Brother, one Grandson, one Wife & two sons of the saint Mohammad Ilya Mallick or Syed Suleman Mallick are buried out side of the tomb. But Mallick Mohammad Usman is Died in Jalalabad, Kabul (Afghanistan). The tombs of other family members and companions of Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya are lying on the east, west and south sides of the mausoleum.
Due to the high respect and reverence given to the tomb of Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya for generations, no one is buried on the north side of the dome. The south side of the burial place is still reserved only for the Syed “Mallicks” Family members who wish to be buried on Pir Pahari.
Life of Syed "Mallick" Families
The Syed "Mallick" are a relatively educationally advanced community, having provided many professionals (scholars, educationists, chartered accountants, writers, poets, judges and higher civil and army, navy and airforce officers, medical doctors, advocates, barristers, engineers, players, businessmen,etc.,), and have played an important leadership role among the Syed "Mallick" in Karachi (Pakistan), India, Bangladesh and other countries of the world.
The poet Raees Ahmad Chishti produced the work Nazraana-e-Aqeedatt about Syed Ibrahim Mallick. It has been translated into Hindi by journalist and poet Muslim Saleem.
Syed Ibrahim (Mallick Baya or Bayyu), son of
Syed Abu Baqar, son of
Syed Abul Qasim Abdullah, son of
Syed Muhammad Farooque, son of
Syed Abul Mansoor Abdusalam, son of
Syed Abdul Wahab, son of
Shaikh Syed Mohiuddin Abdul Qadir Jilani (Ghous-e-Pak or Ghous-e-Azam), son of
Syed Abu Saleh Musa (Jangi Dost), son of
Syed Abu Abdullah, son of
Shaikh Syed Yahya Az-Zahid, son of
Syed Muhammad Mallick, son of
Syed Daud Mallick, son of
Syed Musa Al-Jaun, son of
Syed Abdullah Al- Mahaz (Aka Al-Mujall), son of
Syed Hassan Al- Muthanna, son of
Hazrat Syed Muhammad Imam Hassan, son of
Hazrat Ali Murtaza (KarramAllah Wajhahu), husband of
Hazrat Fatima-Tuz-Zohra, daughter of
Hazrat Muhammad, (Sallallaho Alaihi Wasallam)
Furqan Malick s/o Samar Yawar Malick