Malik Kafur

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Malik Kafur (died 1316), was born Sabour Bhai, the son of Jera bhai, who was a rajput landlord of the solanki family, and was a in his youth a slave who accepted Islam. He went on to become a head general in the army of Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Delhi sultanate, from 1296 to 1316 AD. Kafur was originally seized by khilji's army after the army conquered the city of Khambhat.[1][2]Malik Kafur was also called Hazar Dinari as he was bought by Sultan Alauddin's general Nusrat Khan for a thousand (hazar) dinars. Kafur rose quickly in the army. In 1305 Kafur defeated the Mongols at the Battle of Amroha and led two campaigns in South India between 1309 and 1311 - the first against Warangal - and the second against Dwar Samudra, Malabar, and Madurai. Kafur was made malik naib, the senior commander of the army, after its southern campaigns.[3] In 1294, Kafur led the sultan's army against the capital city of the Yadava kingdom, Devagiri. Kafur led further invasions southward into the Kakatiya dynasty, winning immense riches for the sultanate and sacking many Hindu temples.[4][5] The booty from Warangal included the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond.[6] During the course of the attack he sacked and plundered many Hindu temples including the famous Hoyasaleshwara temple in Halebidu. His campaigns were wholesale massacres, wherein he looted palaces, treasuries, homes, temples alike.[7]

After the death of Khilji, he blinded two of the heir princes and made the third as the king after 35 days of the death of his master. He was later assassinated.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keay, J. India, 2001, p. 257, Grove Press, ISBN 0-8021-3797-0
  2. ^ The history of India, By John McLeod, pg. 36
  3. ^ *Khilji's Commander: http://www.indhistory.com/khalji-dynasty.html
  4. ^ Studies in Islamic History and Civilizaion, David Ayalon, BRILL, 1986, p.271; ISBN 965-264-014-X
  5. ^ "Halebidu – Temples of Karnataka". TempleNet.com. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  6. ^ A History of India, Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Edition: 3, Routledge, 1998, p. 160; ISBN 0-415-15482-0
  7. ^ Keay, J. India, 2001, Grove Press; ISBN 0-8021-3797-0
  8. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 217.