Malik Muhammad Jayasi

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"Who is more beautiful, I or Padmavati?, Queen Nagamati asks to her new parrot, and it gives a displeasing reply..."; an illustrated manuscript of Padmavat, c. 1750

Malik Muhammad Jayasi (Hindi: मलिक मोहम्मद जायसी) (1477–1542) was an Indian poet who wrote in the Avadhi dialect of Hindi.

He hailed from Jais, presently a city in the Rae Bareli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. After losing his sons in an accident, he abandoned his home life and turned to Sufi mysticism, which inspired many of his works. Though his tomb lies in a place 3 km north of Ram Nagar, near Amethi, where he died in 1542, today a "Jaisi Smarak" (Jaisi Memorial) can be found in the city of Jais.

Literary works[edit]

His most famous work is Padmavat (1540), a poem describing the story of the historic siege of Chittor by Alauddin Khilji in AD 1303, who attacked Chittor after hearing of the beauty of Queen Rani Padmini, the wife of King Rawal Ratan Singh.[1][2][3]

His other important works are Akhrawat and Akhiri Kalaam.


  1. ^ Padmavat from The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 2, p. 430.
  2. ^ Love's Subtle Magic: An Indian Islamic Literary Tradition by Aditya Behl, Oxford university Press (2012)
  3. ^ Hayate Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani by Syed Waheed Ashraf published 1975

External links[edit]