Mallapally

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Not to be confused with Mallepally in Andhra Pradesh.
Mallappally
മല്ലപ്പള്ളി
Town
Mallapally.jpg
Mallappally is located in Kerala
Mallappally
Mallappally
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 9°26′46″N 76°39′24″E / 9.44611°N 76.65667°E / 9.44611; 76.65667Coordinates: 9°26′46″N 76°39′24″E / 9.44611°N 76.65667°E / 9.44611; 76.65667
Country  India
State Kerala
District Pathanamthitta
Named for Land of Volleyball, land of the BA people
Government
 • Type Taluk
 • Body local self-government
Area
 • Total 167.9 km2 (64.8 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 143,677 [1]
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 0469
Vehicle registration KL-28, KL-3
Nearest city Tiruvalla
Literacy 100%
Lok Sabha constituency Pathanamthitta
Website mallapally.org

Mallappally (meaning "hill shrine" in Malayalam, from മല mala "hill" + pally "shrine") is a taluk in Kerala state in India. It is one of the five taluks that make up the Pathanamthitta district. Even though geographically it belongs to Pathanamthitta District, it is closer in distance to its adjacent Kottayam district. Historically a part of the kingdom of Travancore and called "Land of the BA people" due to English education imparted by Anglican missionaries in the 19th century, Mallappally is the original home of a large number of Non-resident Indians who live abroad, and it has some of the lowest population growth and highest literacy rates in India.

Mallappally bridge & market[edit]

It is the hard work of, late Mr. Abraham Payampallil who made his maximum effort to bring a market to the town and the Mallappally bridge was also his effort. Now this market is having a great demand for plantain cultivars.

Geography[edit]

Most of the area is hilly with a midland climate. The Manimala River flows through the heart of the town and divides it into Mallappally West and Mallappally East. Mallappally shares a border with Kottayam district at Nedungadappally by Kochuparamb Thodu (a stream). From the Pathanamthitta, Kozhencherry, Ranni side, the entrance to the town is at the Mallappally Bridge. From the Pathanamthitta, Kozhencherry, Ranni side, the entrance to the town is at the Mallappally Bridge.

Villages[edit]

The following villages are part of the Mallappally taluk:

  • Anicadu
  • Ezhumattoor
  • Kalloopara
  • Kottangal
  • Kunnamthanam
  • Keezhvaipur
  • Mallappally
  • Perumpetty
  • Puramattom
  • Thelliyoor

Landmarks[edit]

Pazhaya Suriyani Pally (the old Syrian Church), situated on the eastern bank of the river, is the oldest church close to the town. People deserted the church and its Syrian traditions due to reformation movement initiated by Anglican missionaries during 19th century. Today the old heritage church has no regular worship and is abandoned; its cemetery is open to members of the Orthodox and Marthoma denominations.

The Thirumalida Mahadeva temple also sits on the eastern bank of the Manimala River. The Thirumalida temple is famous for its appearance, which is similar to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple and got its present importance with the development of Mallapally. During the month of Karkidakam (July–August), thousands of people visit the temple to offer karkkidaka vavubali. It is one of a few temples to celebrate Shivarathri on a riverbed.

Other place of worships[edit]

The thousand-year-old Kalloppara church is one of the oldest Christian shrines in the taluk, second only to the Niranam Church established by Saint Thomas. Vaipur Church is the second oldest church after Kallooppara church and is one of the 116 churches which were forced to participate in the Udyamperoor (Diamper) synod held in 1599 for romanisation of the Malankara Church convened under the Goan Inquisition by Bishop Menezes.

The famous shivaparvathi temple Anikkattilammakshethram is also situated in this taluk. Pariyaram sreekrishna swami temple, one of the most famous temples of Sree-Krishna, is another attraction. The Kallooppara Bhagavathy temple is situated close to the Kalloppara church, demonstrating the centuries-old religious harmony prevailing in the area. Most of the temples in Mallapally are dedicated to Shiva. A famous Hanuman temple is at near by Kaviyoor. Other noted places of worship include the St. George Orthodox Church in Chengaroor, the St. Peter and St. Paul church in Pathicadu, the St. George Malankara Catholic Church in Chengaroor, and Holy Emmanul CSI Church.

Other landmarks[edit]

The Rev. George Mathan Mission Hospital, named after the well-known Malayalam writer and priest, serves as the medical center for the area; there are no other medical institutions within 16 km.

Other landmarks include the public bus stand and public stadium; both are on the west bank of the river.

Transportation[edit]

Historical[edit]

In the past, people travelled and transported their goods via Vallayar river, which is connected to Pampa and Achenkovil rivers after Tiruvalla. By the 19th century, one could also reach different parts of the Alappuzha district and its backwaters up to Ernakulam by using the nearby Changanacherry–Alappuzha waterway.

Modern[edit]

Roads[edit]

Mallappally lies along SH 9, which connects the district capitals of Pathanamthitta and Kottayam. Both KSRTC and private buses travel between Kozhencherry and Kottayam, and Tiruvalla and Mallappally. Mallappally has a KSRTC depot, which is the main transportation facility on SH 9. The Thiruvalla–Mallappally road meets SH 9 at the central junction of the town. Mallappally is also connected to Ranni, Erumeli, and Sabarimala. A narrow road goes down to Anikkadu, a small farming village, a couple of kilometres away from town.

Rail[edit]

The nearest railway stations are at Tiruvalla (12 km), Changanaserry (15 km), Chengannur (20 km), and Kottayam (29 km).

Air[edit]

The nearest airports are Cochin International Airport (100 km)and Trivandrum airport. The proposed rural Aranmula International Airport would be the closest airport upon completion, at 14 km away. An airport in central Travancore is an aspiration of millions of central Travancorians working all over the world who support the government exchequer with much needed foreign currency. In central Travancore, most households depend on money their emigrant child send from abroad. Urban lobbies and environmentalists have raised concerns about the planned airport.

History[edit]

In the early part of Mallappally's history, the Manimala River was called the Vallayar River, and people lived on its banks. Mallappally was visited by Buddhist missionaries that the Mauryan kings sent throughout Asia. Like other places in India, Buddhism prevailed in Mallapally before the conversion of the Cheran kings to Vedic Aryanism during the 9th century. Mallapally was a part of the kingdom of Thekkumkur before Marthada Varma annexed it as part of the unified kingdom of Travancore. Most of the temples in Mallapally were built during the royal patronage of Hinduism at the behest of Brahmins who advised the kings.

Religion in Mallapally[edit]

In the 19th century, Anglican missionaries established a church and school adjacent to the old Suriyani (Syrian) church. A section of old Syrian Christians joined them. Later, during the reformation movement started by Palakunnathu Abraham Malpan, a large section of Syrian Christians joined him. Nonetheless, Syrian Christians continue to be the dominant section in Mallapally, constituting 70% of its total population, and are divided into various denominations. Roman Catholicism reached Mallapally only after 1930 due to Mallapally's interior location.

During the Travancore period, the first Pulayar convert to Christianity was a man named Habel, who was born on 5 May 1816, in Kaipatta, Mallapally. His Dravidian name was Daivathan (man of God). His wife was named Poovom. They had a son Uthayan (rising sun) and a daughter Chothi (Jyothi, lit. flame); all were baptised on the same day, 6 September 1854. Following his baptism, Habel studied theology under European tutors and travelled far and wide establishing congregations and churches. He spread Christianity to thousands of people who were baptised and joined the Church. He died at the age of 84 on 18 August 1899. CMS Bishop Edward Noel Hodges attended his funeral.

There are two Brethren assemblies in Mallappally: the Town Brethren assembly near Anima Ayurvedic Hospital, and the Mallappally North Assembly.

Mallappally is the birthplace of a large number of Kerala Bishops of many Christian denominations. Some of these are Saint Vattasseril Geevarghese Mar Dionysius,[2] Archbishop Valakkuzhy Joseph Mar Severios,[3] Bishop Modayil MC Mani, Evangeilical Bishop Panamootil PS Varghese, and Baselios Cardinal Cleemis.[4]

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Every year during the summer months when the river water recedes, many sandy beds are formed in the middle of the river, large enough to hold conventions and festivals on. The Mallappally convention and the Shivarathri festival take place on two such large sandy patches near the Manimala Bridge across the river. Vishu mahotsavam, held in the Pariyaram Sree-Krishna swami temple, is another old event. People from various parts of the Mallappally and Tiruvalla taluks come for the fest.[5]

Volleyball[edit]

Mallappally has been a center of volleyball since the forties and fifties, and Olympian Mallapally Varkey was the most famous player. There is an active participation and viewership of the game in Mallapally. The 'Manorama Trophy' Inter-Collegiate and Inter-School tournament was held here for a long period. 'Highlanders All Kerala' inter-club tournament was also famous. 'Olympia Mallappally' was one of the leading volleyball clubs for a time. Thereafter, 'High Landers' also made some memorable achievements. People like Thelamannil Pappachen, Viswanathan (Mallappally Viswan), Vattasserril Sunny, Kuzhivelil Achenkunju, Babu Itty, Philip Nedungadappally, Nebu Koshy, Jose Keezhvaipur, Dinesh, and Binu Panickamuriyil were some of the prominent players from Mallappally.

Languages[edit]

Malayalam is the most commonly-spoken language; in school, English and Hindi are learned by many people.

Economy[edit]

Mallappally's economy is mostly agriculture-based; however, the area is also the original home of a large number of NRIs who reside in the UAE, Saudi Arabia, the USA, and England, who also contribute to the economy. However, there is a growing trend in these NRIs coming back to set up businesses in their hometown.

List of Banks in Mallappally[edit]

  1. State Bank of India
  2. ICICI Bank
  3. State Bank of Travancore
  4. Federal Bank, Mallappally west
  5. Federal Bank, Nedungadappally
  6. South Indian Bank
  7. Indian Overseas Bank
  8. Corporation Bank
  9. Union Bank of India
  10. Catholic Syrian Bank
  11. Canara Bank
  12. Tiruvalla East Cooperative Bank

Trade[edit]

Mallappally is the biggest trade center along the Kottayam - Kozhencherry state highway. Mallappally is known for having the biggest market in central Travencore for plantain cultivars. The town is the main trade center for the entire taluk and some panchayats in Tiruvalla, Changanacherry, Chengannur, and Ranni taluks. Even though it is a panchayat, it has all facilities of a municipal region.

Politics[edit]

Mallappally was part of the Kalloppara assembly constituency and Mallappally was the main town of that constituency. During the last re-organization, it lost the constituency along with some other constituencies in central Travancore due to stagnant population growth in contrast to ever-increasing population of some northern districts, which changed the power equation in Kerala. Now it is a part of the Thiruvalla assembly constituency and the Pathanamthitta Loksabha Constituency. Adv. Mathew T Thomas (LDF) is the current MLA. In Lok sabha, Mallappally is represented by the sitting MP from Pathanamthitta, Mr. Anto Antony (Indian National Congress).

Education[edit]

Mallappally is the most literate taluk of India. IHRD, a Keralan government initiative, runs a school, a college of applied sciences, and an engineering college in Mallappally.[6]

Schools near Mallappally[edit]

  1. IHRD, Mallappally
  2. CMS higher secondary school, Mallappally
  3. CMS higher secondary school, Nedugadappally
  4. St. Philomena high school, Mallappally
  5. Sofia International academy
  6. Mar Dionysious school, Mallappally
  7. Nirmal Jyothi Public school, Mallappally
  8. Little Flower English medium school, Chengaroor, Mallappally
  9. Bethany Convent Higher secondary school, Chengaroor, Mallappally
  10. NSSHSS, Kunnamthanam, Mallappally
  11. GVHSS, Mallappally
  12. St. Thomas CSI School, Nedungadappally

Religion[edit]

Mallappally has a history of religious harmony. The Maha Shivarathri is celebrated on the same riverbed where the Union Christian Convention and Charismatic Convention are conducted. Many pilgrim groups stop and rest at Mallappally, a main station on the Sabarimala route. Pilgrim groups from several churches of the eastern parts of Pathanamthitta and Kottayam districts making their way to the Parumala Cathedral and Kallooppara Church take the Mallappally–Thiruvalla route.

Mallappaly is the birthplace of 'Vattasserril Thirumeni', one of the two saints (the other is 'Parumala Thirumeni') of the Malankara Orthodox Church. A pilgrimage to his tomb at Kottayam is conducted every year from Mallappally.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.populationofindia.co.in/kerala/pathanamthitta/mallappally/.mallappally
  2. ^ "St. Vattasseril Geevarghese Mar Dionysius". Marthoman.tv. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  3. ^ "Joseph_Mar_Severios". Malankaracatholicchurch.net. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  4. ^ "hierarchy_home". Catholicate.net. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  5. ^ Sunit (2008-02-13). "Mallappally News: About Mallappally". Mallappally.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  6. ^ http://www.onefivenine.com/india/villag/Pathanamthitta/Mallappally