|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2013)|
|Named for||Land of Volleyball, land of the BA people|
|• Body||local self-government|
|• Total||167.9 km2 (64.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||KL-28, KL-3|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Pathanamthitta|
Mallappally (mala + pally, meaning "hill shrine") is a taluk in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala state, India. It is one of the five taluks that make up the district of Pathanamthitta. Historically part of the Kingdom of Travancore and called "Land of the BA people" due to English education imparted by Anglican missionaries of the 19th century, Mallappally is currently an NRI haven, and has experienced some of the lowest population growth and highest literacy rates in the country.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Transportation
- 3 History
- 4 Culture
- 5 Economy
- 6 Trade
- 7 Politics
- 8 Education
- 9 Religion
- 10 References
Most of the area is hilly, with a midland climate. The Manimala River flows through the heart of the town and divides the town into Mallappally west and Mallappally east. Mallappally shares a border with Kottayam district at Nedungadappally by Kochuparamb Thodu (a stream). From the Pathanamthitta, Kozhencherry, Ranni side, the entrance to the town is at the Mallappally Bridge.
The following villages are part of the Mallappally taluk:
Pazhaya Suriyani Pally (old Syrian Church)situated on the eastern bank of the river is the oldest church close to the town. People deserted the Church and its Syrian traditions due to reformation movement initiated by Anglican missionaries during 19th century. Today the old heritage church has no regular worship and in an abandoned condition, sharing only the cemetery by different Christian denominations.
The Thirumalida Mahadeva temple is also sits on the eastern bank of the Manimala river. The Thirumalida temple is famous for its appearance, which is similar to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple and got its present importance with the development of Mallapally. During the month of Karkidakam (July–August), thousands of people visiting the temple to offer karkkidaka vavubali. It is one of a few temples to celebrate Shivarathri on a riverbed.
Other place of worships
The 1600 year old Kalloppara church is one of the oldest Christian shrines in the taluk, second only to the Niranam Church, established by the apostle St. Thomas. Vaipur Church is the 2nd oldest church after Kallooppara church and one of the 116 churches participated in the Udyamperoor (Diamper)synod held in 1599 for Romanisation of the Malankara Church convened under Goan Inquisition by Bishop Menezes. Famous shivaparvathy temple anikkattilammakshethram situated in this taluk. Pariyaram sreekrishna swami temple, one of the famous temple worshiping lord sreekrishna is another attraction the lord in this temple is as equvilent to guruvayoorappan. The Kallooppara Bhagavathy temple is situated closed to the Kalloppara church, demonstrating the centuries-old religious harmony prevailing in the area. Most of the temples in Mallapally are dedicated to Lord Shiva. A famous Hanuman temple is at near by Kaviyoor. St.George Orthodox Church, Chengaroor, St.Peter & St.Paul's church, Pathicadu, St George Malankara Catholic Church, Chengaroor, Holy Emmanul CSI Church,Mallappaly are also noted worship places nearby.
The Rev. George Mathan Mission Hospital, named after the well-known Malayalam writer and priest, serves as the medical center for an area with no other medical institutions within 16 km of its periphery.
Other landmarks include the public bus stand and public stadium; both are on the west bank of the river.
In the early period, people travelled and transported their goods by river, and people could reach different parts of the Alappuzha district and up to Ernakulam by using the nearby Changanacherry jetty.
Mallappally lies in the SH 9, which connects the district capitals of Pathanamthitta and Kottayam. Both KSRTC and private buses travel between Kozhencherry and Kottayam, and Thiruvalla and Mallappally. Mallappally has a KSRTC depot, which is the main transportation facility in SH 9. The Thiruvalla–Mallappally road meets SH 9 at the central junction of the town. Mallappally is also connected to Ranni, Erumeli, and Sabarimala. A narrow road goes down to Anikkadu, a small farming village, a couple of kilometres away from town.
The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport (100 km)and Trivandrum airport. The proposed rural Aranmula International Airport would be the closest airport upon completion, at 14 km away. An airport in central Travancore is an aspiration of millions of central Travancorians working all over the world who support the Government exchequer with much needed foreign currency. In central Travancore most of household depending on remittance of their sons and daughters from foreign destinations. Today they had to depend distant Nedumbassery or Triavandrum airports. Vested interested urban lobbies are delaying the airport with help of environmentalist and religious fundamentalists.
In the early part of Mallappally's history, the Manimala River was called the Vallayar River, and people lived on its banks. Mallappally was not spared from the extensive Buddhist missionary work of Mauryan kings throughout Asia. Like other places in India, Buddhism prevailed in Mallapally before the conversion of Cheran kings to Vedic Aryanism during the 9th century. Mallapally was a part of the Thekkumkur kingdom before Marthada Varma annexed it as part of the unified Travancore kingdom. Most of the temples in Mallapally were built during the royal patronage of Hinduism at the behest of Brahmins who controlled the kings.
Religion in Mallapally
In the 19th century, Anglican missionaries established a church and school adjacent to the old Suriyani church. A section of old Christians joined them. Later, during the reformation movement started by Palakunnathu Abraham Malpan, a large section of Syrian Christians joined him. Syrian Christians continue to be the dominant religion in Mallapally, constituting 70% of its total population, and are divided into various denominations. Roman Catholicism reached Mallapally only after 1930 due to Mallapally's interior location.
During the Travancore period, the first Pulayar convert to Christianity was a man named Habel, who was born on 5 May, 1816, in Kaipatta, Mallapally. His Dravidian name was Daivathan [man of God]. His wife was named Poovom. They had a son Uthayan [rising sun]and a daughter Chothi [Jyothi – flame]; all were baptised on the same day, 6 September, 1854. Following his Baptism, Habel studied theology from Europeans and travelled far and wide establishing congregations and churches. He spread the Gospel of Christ to thousands of people who were baptised and joined the Church. Habel died at the age of 84 on 18 August, 1899. CMS Bishop Edward Noel Hodges attended his funeral.
Mallappally is the birthplace of a large number of Kerala Bishops of many Christian denominations. Some of these are, Saint Vattasseril Geevarghese Mar Dionysius, Archbishop Valakkuzhy Joseph Mar Severios, Bishop Modayil MC Mani, Evangeilical Bishop Panamootil PS Varghese, and Baselios Cardinal Cleemis Catholicos.
Every year during the summer months when the river water recedes, many sandy bed are formed in the middle of the river, large enough to hold conventions and festivals. The Mallappally convention and the Shivarathri festival take place on two such large sandy patches near the Manimala Bridge across the river.Vishu mahotsavam in pariyaram sreekrishna swami temple is as old and famous.people from various parts of mallappally & thiruvalla taluks will come for the fest.
Mallappally has been the center of volleyball since the forties and fifties and Olympian Mallapally Varkey was the most famous player . 'Manorama Trophy' Inter Collegiate & Interschool tournament was held here for a long period. 'Highlanders All Kerala' inter club tournament was also famous. 'Olympia Mallappally' was one of the leading volleyball club. Thereafter 'High Landers' also made some memorable achievements. People like Thelamannil Pappachen, Viswanathan (Mallappally Viswan), Vattasserril Sunny, Kuzhivelil Achenkunju, Babu Itty, Philip Nedungadappally, Nebu Koshy, Jose Keezhvaipur, Dinesh, Binu Panickamuriyil were some of the eminent players from Mallappally.
Mallappally's economy is mostly agriculture based; however, the area is also home to a large number of NRI's residing in UAE, Saudi Arabia, the USA, and England, who also contribute to the economy.
Mallappally is the biggest trade center along the Kottayam - Kozhencherry state highway. Mallappally is known for having the biggest market in central Travencore for plantain cultivars. The town is the main trade center for the entire taluk and some panchayats in Tiruvalla, Changanacherry, Chengannur, and Ranni taluks.
Mallappally was part of the Kalloppara assembly constituency and Mallappally was the main town of that constituency. During the last re-organization, it lost the constituency along with some other constituencies in central Travancore due to stagnant population growth in contrast to ever-increasing population of some northern districts, which changed the power equation in Kerala. Now it is a part of the Thiruvalla assembly constituency and the Pathanamthitta Loksabha Constituency. Adv. Mathew T Thomas (LDF) is the current MLA. In Lok sabha, Mallappally is represented by the sitting MP from Pathanamthitta, Mr. Anto Antony (Indian National Congress).
Mallappally is the most literate taluk of India.
Mallappally is famous for integrity and communal harmony. The Maha Shivarathri is celebrated on the same riverbed where the Union Christian Convention and Charismatic Convention are conducted. As a main station on the Sabarimala route, many pilgrim groups stop and rest at Mallappally. Pilgrim groups from several churches of the eastern parts of Pathanamthitta and Kottayam districts making their way to the Parumala Cathedral and Kallooppara Church take the Mallappally–Thiruvalla route.
Mallappaly is the birthplace of 'Vattasserril Thirumeni' one among the two saints of Malankara Orthodox church.The other saint is 'Parumala Thirumeni'. A pilgrimage to his tomb at Kottayam is conducted every year from Mallappally.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mallapally.|
- "St. Vattasseril Geevarghese Mar Dionysius". Marthoman.tv. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- "Joseph_Mar_Severios". Malankaracatholicchurch.net. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- "hierarchy_home". Catholicate.net. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- Sunit (2008-02-13). "Mallappally News: About Mallappally". Mallappally.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2013-11-24.