Mallnitz

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Mallnitz
Mallnitz Valley
Mallnitz Valley
Coat of arms of Mallnitz
Coat of arms
Mallnitz is located in Austria
Mallnitz
Mallnitz
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°59′N 13°10′E / 46.983°N 13.167°E / 46.983; 13.167Coordinates: 46°59′N 13°10′E / 46.983°N 13.167°E / 46.983; 13.167
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Spittal an der Drau
Government
 • Mayor Günther Novak (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 111.47 km2 (43.04 sq mi)
Elevation 1,191 m (3,907 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 814
 • Density 7.3/km2 (19/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9822
Area code 04784
Website www.mallnitz.gv.at

Mallnitz is a municipality in the Spittal an der Drau District in Carinthia, Austria.

Geography[edit]

Main square

It is situated in a valley of the Hohe Tauern mountain range, west of the Ankogel Group, which stretches southwards down to neighbouring Obervellach. In the north the main chain of the Alps marks the border with the Austrian state of Salzburg. At Mallnitz the Tauern Railway enters into the south portal of the Tauerntunnel.

The municipal area consists of the cadastral communities of Mallnitz proper and Dösen.

History[edit]

A trade route across the High Tauern passes to the Gastein Valley in the north may already existed in the Bronze Age. When the area was incorporated into the Roman Noricum province about 15 BC, these mountain path was rebuilt as a Roman road. Probably during the Slavic settlement of the Eastern Alps from about 600 onwards, the locality of Malinica was established. However, was not mentioned before 1299, then part of the estates around Falkenstein Castle, held by the Imperial Counts of Görz at Lienz.

Throughout the Middle Ages, it was a strategic important outpost on the trade route to Salzburg, esspecially for the transport of salt and gold mined in the Tauern ranges. The present-day municipality was split off from Obervellach in 1895. The local economy was decisively promoted by the building of the Tauerntunnel from 1901 to 1907 and the inauguration of the railway line in 1909. Car shuttle trains pass through the tunnel to Mallnitz–Obervellach station since 1920.

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2009 elections:

Twin town[edit]

Mallnitz is twinned with:

References[edit]