Malmö Stadion

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Malmö Stadion
South Stand, Malmö Stadion.jpg
The pitch at Malmö Stadion in 2011, seen from the Northern Stand (facing the Southern Stand)
Location Eric Perssons väg 31, 217 62 Malmö
Coordinates 55°35′09.89″N 12°59′21.36″E / 55.5860806°N 12.9892667°E / 55.5860806; 12.9892667
Owner Malmö Stad
Operator Malmö Stad
Capacity 26,500, of whom 14,000 are seated[1]
Field size 100 by 65 metres (328 ft × 213 ft)[1]
Surface Grass
Scoreboard Yes
Construction
Broke ground 5 June 1956
Built 1956–1958
Opened 28 May 1958
Expanded 1992
Architect
  • Fritz Jaenecke
  • Sten Samuelsson
Structural engineer Skånska Cementgjuteriet
Main contractors Skånska Cementgjuteriet
Tenants

Malmö Stadion, often known simply as Stadion before the construction of Swedbank Stadion between 2007 and 2009, is a multi-purpose stadium in Malmö, Sweden. As of 2014, it is the home of association football club IFK Malmö, presently of Division 4, and athletics club MAI.[1] The stadium served as the home ground for Malmö FF, an association football team in Sweden's top flight, Allsvenskan, from its opening in 1958 until 2009, when the club moved to the newly constructed Swedbank Stadion, built beside Malmö Stadion, in 2009. Malmö FF still use the stadium for training purposes and youth matches. Besides being used for sports, the stadium has also hosted various concerts and other events. The ground's record attendance, 30,953, was set in the very first match played at the ground, a 1958 FIFA World Cup match between Argentina and West Germany.[2]

Malmö Stadion was originally built for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, during which it was the venue for four matches. It replaced Malmö IP as Malmö's main sports stadium, where IFK Malmö, MAI and Malmö FF had been based since the early 20th century. It also hosted three matches during the 1992 UEFA European Football Championship. The stadium today holds 26,500 spectators when in its sporting configuration, with 14,000 fans seated and 12,500 standing. For concerts, the ground can hold up to 40,000 people depending on the location of the stage.[3] As of 2012, the future of the stadium is uncertain; Malmö Stad have decided that a new public swimming arena is to be built on the site in the near future.[4]

History[edit]

Pelé playing for Brazil at Malmö Stadion in an exhibition match against Malmö FF in 1960
Malmö FF supporters in an Allsvenskan match against Hammarby IF in 2008
The exterior of the Southern Stand of Malmö Stadion in 2014
The exterior of the Northern Stand of Malmö Stadion in 2013

Plans to build a new stadium in Malmö originated in 1943, when local officials deemed Malmö IP to be too small for major events.[5] However, the city council could not agree where to build the new stadium, and the matter was dropped for the time being. It was not until Sweden was chosen to host the 1958 FIFA World Cup that the question resurfaced. The location of the stadium was a main subject of discussion: some suggested a suburban location in Jägersro, while others thought that the stadium should be located in central Malmö, near the neighbourhood of Pildammsparken. Proponents of a central location ultimately won the day; the site was confirmed in 1954.[5]

The plans were agreed upon in 1956, and building started on 5 June that year, when the chairman of the city's sports committee turned the first sod.[5] The ground officially opened about two years later, on 28 May 1958. At the time of the stadium's inauguration, it held 31,000 spectators. It was designed by architects Sten Samuelsson and Fritz Jaenecke, who also designed another of the World Cup stadiums, Ullevi in the city of Gothenburg; as a result, the two grounds share many architectural features.[2] During the World Cup, the stadium hosted three matches: West Germany vs Argentina in Group 1, which was the inaugural match of the stadium; West Germany vs Northern Ireland, also in Group 1; Northern Ireland vs Czechoslovakia, in the Group 1 play-off; and, finally, West Germany vs Yugoslavia in the quarter-final round.[6][7][8][9]

During the 1992 UEFA European Football Championship (commonly called Euro 1992), Malmö Stadion hosted three matches in Group 1, which comprised the national teams of Sweden, Denmark, England and France. None of the matches played in Malmö involved Sweden, however, as the host nation played all of their matches at Råsunda, a stadium in the capital city Stockholm.[10]

Malmö Allmänna Idrottsförening (MAI), the largest athletics club in Malmö, have used the stadium for training purposes and outdoor competition since the stadium's inauguration in 1958. MAI organises it own international athletic competition, the MAI Gala, which has been held since the 1930s. It was originally hosted at Malmö IP, but moved to Malmö Stadion after its construction. Some notable athletes who have competed in the gala are Marion Jones, Maurice Greene, Sergej Bubka and Kajsa Bergqvist.[2]

Malmö Stadion served as the home ground of association football club Malmö FF between 1958 and 2008. The team moved to the stadium on its opening in 1958, leaving its original home ground at Malmö IP to do so. The first Malmö FF match at the new ground was played on 8 August 1958; in an Allsvenskan fixture, Malmö FF took on their cross-town rivals, IFK Malmö, who had also moved to the stadium from Malmö IP. Played in front of 17,368 fans, the game ended with a 4–4 draw.[11] IFK were relegated from Allsvenskan in 1962, and have not returned to the first tier since, but the club continues to play at Malmö Stadion nonetheless. Malmö FF experienced an average attendance of around 13,000 for the first ten years at the stadium; average crowds then dropped to below 10,000 by the end of the 1970s. By the 1990s, attendances were at an all time low, with less than 5,000 people on average coming to Malmö FF matches. The club therefore let Malmö Stadion for the newly renovated Malmö IP in 1999, IFK Malmö followed in August the same year.[1][12] By this time IFK Malmö were playing in Division 2, then the third tier in the Swedish league system. During their seasons in Allsvenskan, IFK Malmö had attracted an average attendance of around 10,000 spectators between 1957–58 and 1962. IFK Malmö's attendance at Malmö Stadion reached its peak during the 1960 season when the club finished as runners-up in Allsvenskan and attracted 12,787 spectators on average to the stadium. The attendance had decreased to around 1,000 spectators per match in 1999 when the club had dropped in the league.[13]

Malmö FF's move to Malmö IP occurred during the second half of the 1999 Allsvenskan. It soon became apparent to the club that Malmö IP was too small, and lacked the safety facilities that Malmö Stadion offered. When Malmö FF were relegated to the second tier of Swedish football at the end of the 1999 season, the club board decided to move the team back to Malmö Stadion before the next season started. IFK Malmö, however stayed at Malmö IP. After Malmö FF were promoted back to Allsvenskan after one season in the second division, Superettan, the average attendance began to rise.[12] Malmö FF's average crowd during the 2001 Allsvenskan season was 11,315; it was the first time since the 1970s that the club had drawn an average crowd of more than 10,000 spectators.[12] Average attendances then increased year on year as Malmö FF experienced a successful period. In the 2004 Allsvenskan season, as Malmö FF won their first Swedish championship since 1988, the team also set a new club record for attendances over a season, with an average of 20,061 spectators watching Malmö FF matches.[14] Around this time, both club and fans began to feel that Malmö Stadion had served it purpose, as the ageing stadium began to deteriorate.[15] Some fans also expressed their discontent with the distance between the pitch and the stands, necessitated by the running tracks surrounding the playing area.[16][17]

Malmö Stad, the city council, announced on 25 April 2005 its intention to either help the club renovate Malmö Stadion, or build a new stadium in the same area.[18] Four days later, five different scenarios were laid out by the municipality: the first proposed the construction of an entirely new, football-specific stadium to the south of Malmö Stadion, while the second suggested the demolition of Malmö Stadion, and the erection of a new ground for football and athletics on the same site. The third, fourth, and fifth ideas all proposed the building of two stadiums, one for football and one for athletics, on various local plots.[19] The municipality chose the first option on 3 December 2005: the new football ground would be built south of Malmö Stadion, with a capacity of 20,000 to 25,000, on a 399 million kronor budget. Malmö Stadion, meanwhile, would be renovated into an athletics stadium for 50 million kronor.[20] Swedbank Stadion was completed in 2009. As of 2012, no renovation has been done on Malmö Stadion.[21]

Malmö FF left Malmö Stadion at the end of the 2008 Allsvenskan season. The last Allsvenskan match played at the stadium was the team's final game of the season, against GIF Sundsvall on 9 November 2008. The match was won 6–0 by Malmö FF, who wore a special kit designed to honour the legacy of the stadium.[22] Malmö FF still uses the stadium for training purposes and youth matches. IFK Malmö returned to Malmö Stadion for the 2009 season. The move was done in protest against Malmö Stad's decision to lay out an artificial turf at Malmö IP.[1] Since returning to Malmö Stadion, IFK Malmö's average attendance has been around 100–200 spectators per match.[23] The team currently plays in Division 4, the sixth tier of Swedish football.

In June 2011, Malmö Stad decided that a new public swimming arena is to be built in the same area as the stadium in the near future.[4] This leaves the stadium's future clouded in uncertainty. Recent occurrences have indicated that Malmö Stadion might continue to be used as an athletics arena, as MAI intends to revive the MAI Gala. In November 2012, MAI lobbied to attract 100 metres Olympic champion Usain Bolt to the stadium for the proposed MAI Gala in August 2014.[24] MAI are also working towards hosting the European Athletics Junior Championships in 2015, and have written to the European Athletic Association to express their interest.[25]

Structure and facilities[edit]

Malmö Stadion has an overall capacity of 26,500 spectators for sports, of which 14,000 are standing spectators. When hosting concerts, the stadium can host 25,000 spectators when the stage is on either long side of the stadium, or up to 40,000 when it is placed in front of either short side.[3] It comprises two main stands on each of the long sides of the pitch: the Southern Stand and the Northern Stand, both of which have two tiers. The lower tier of the Northern Stand is terraced, and was the only tier of the stand until the upper, seated tier was built in 1992.[26] The short sides of the pitch feature two minor terracing sections, respectively named the Eastern Stand and the Western Stand. When Malmö FF were based at the ground, the Northern Stand terracing was the section with the most season ticket holders, while the Eastern Stand was the section used to house away fans.[27]

The stadium features a 100 by 65 metres (328 ft × 213 ft) association football pitch, and eight all-weather running tracks, which surround the pitch. The tracks are certified for national and international athletic competitions.[3] Also available at the stadium are areas on each short side of the pitch for the high jump, javelin throw, pole vault and shot put events. In front of the Southern Stand there are pits for long jump and triple jump. When the stadium is used for association football, two dugouts are placed at the edge of the pitch in front of the Southern Stand. Behind the two dugouts, on the other side of the running tracks, is the entrance and exit to the players' changing rooms, which are located in the Southern Stand. There are a total of 12 changing rooms inside the stand, as well as facilities for referees and media. There are reserved seats for officials and media in the Southern Stand.[3] In the respective corridors behind the Southern and Northern Stands, as well as in the open area between the Northern and Western Stands, there are several vendors selling snacks, light meals, and beverages. The entrances to the stadium are located along the Southern and Northern Stands. A ticket office, formerly used for selling the tickets for Malmö FF home matches, is connected with the Southern Stand.[28][29]

A panorama of Malmö Stadion from the Southern Stand, showing, from left to right, the Western Stand, the Northern Stand and the Eastern Stand

International football[edit]

1958 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The following 1958 FIFA World Cup matches were held at Malmö Stadion:

UEFA Euro 1992[edit]

The following UEFA Euro 1992 matches were held at Malmö Stadion:

Sweden matches[edit]

The stadium has also hosted several matches played by the Sweden national team. This is a list of all competitive matches played by Sweden at Malmö Stadion:

Other uses[edit]

On 15 September 1961, the stadium was the venue for the Speedway World Championship Final. The event, the first of its kind not to be staged at Wembley Stadium in England, was won by the Swedish rider and defending champion Ove Fundin.[30] It would prove to be the only World Final staged at Malmö Stadion. From 1964, World Final's held in Sweden were run at the Ullevi Stadium in Göteborg.

The use of Malmö Stadion for concerts has increased since the construction of Swedbank Stadion and Malmö FF's departure. Since 2007, several known artists such as Ozzy Osbourne,[31] Elton John,[32] Dolly Parton,[33] The Eagles,[34] Kiss,[35] and Rod Stewart[36] have performed at the stadium. Due to the climate in Sweden and the lack of a retractable roof at the ground, all of these concerts have been held during the European summer, between June–August. The main stage has been placed either facing the Southern Stand, or along one of the short sides of the stadium. The pitch has been covered up with wooden floorboards during the performances to minimize the damage done to the grass. Many spectators complained about the less than impressive sound quality at both the Elton John and Dolly Parton concerts, citing the stadiums layout as unsuitable for this kind of concert.[37]

Records[edit]

A graph of Malmö FF's average attendances over the period from 1958 to 2008

The ground's present attendance record was set during the 1958 World Cup, when 30,953 spectators saw the first game ever played at the stadium, the Group 1 match between Argentina and West Germany. The match ended 3–1 in West Germany's favour.[2] The record crowd for a Malmö FF match played at the ground was set on 24 September 1967, when 29,328 attended the Allsvenskan match between Malmö FF and Scanian rivals Helsingborgs IF. Helsingborg won the match 2–1.[3] IFK Malmö's record attendance was set on 10 September 1969 in a Division 2 Scanian derby fixture against Helsingborgs IF which attracted 25,624 spectators to the stadium, the match ended 1–0 in Helsingborg's favour.[13]

Malmö FF's average attendance at Malmö Stadion initially lay steady at around 15,000 per season from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s, before decreasing to around 10,000 spectators per season for the remainder of that decades.[12] During the 1980s and the 1990s, attendances decreased even further down to an average of around 5,000 fans per season; the general interest in Swedish football was also very low at the time.[12] Attendance took a sharp turn upwards during the 2001 season, Malmö FF's first season back in Allsvenskan after a season in Superettan. Average crowds then increased annually, and reached their peak during the 2004 season, when Malmö FF reached an all-time record average attendance of 20,061.[14] Attendances afterwards decreased each year, and were down to a seasonal average of 11,182 by the time of Malmö FF's final season at the ground. Only 6,580 attended Malmö FF's last Allsvenskan match at the stadium, on 9 November 2008.[22]

IFK Malmö played five Allsvenskan seasons at Malmö Stadion between 1957–58 and 1962 before being relegated to Division 2. The average attendance during these years stayed around 10,000 fans, reaching its peak at 12,787 spectators in average during the 1960 Allsvenskan season when IFK Malmö finished as runners-up.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Triangeln, the closest railway station to Malmö Stadion

Just like the neighbouring Swedbank Stadion, Malmö Stadion is currently served by Malmö bus lines 3, 5, 6 and 34, all of which stop in the vicinity of the two stadiums. Local transit authority Skånetrafiken also operates dedicated match-day buses, branded as line 84, which run from different areas of Malmö when Malmö FF play home matches at Swedbank Stadion. Due to the central location of the two stadiums within the city, parking space is limited, and spectators are advised to use public transportation, particularly for more prominent matches at Swedbank Stadion.[38] This does not apply to matchdays for IFK Malmö, as not so many fans are drawn for that club's games. Malmö Stadion is also near the underground railway station Triangeln, which opened in December 2010 as a part of Citytunneln. The station is served by Pågatåg and Öresund Trains, and is reachable non-stop from many parts of the Öresund Region.[39]

The closest parking location to Malmö Stadion is "P-huset Stadion", a parking garage with 440 parking spaces, which was purpose-built for Swedbank Stadion. The garage opened in September 2009. It is located 100 metres (330 ft) from Swedbank Stadion, just beside Malmö FF's training ground.[40] There are also various other local parking spaces, and a large number of bicycle stands surrounding the western edge of Swedbank Stadion.

References[edit]

General
  • Alsjö, Martin (2011). 100 år med Allsvensk Fotboll. Idrottsförlaget. ISBN 978-91-977326-7-3.  (Swedish)
Specific
  1. ^ a b c d e "Malmö Stadion". ifkmalmo.com (in Swedish). IFK Malmö. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Om Malmö stadion" [About Malmö Stadion]. malmo.se (in Swedish). Malmö Stad. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Fakta Malmö stadion" [Facts Malmö Stadion]. malmo.se (in Swedish). Malmö Stad. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Ja till stadionbad" [Yes to swimming arena ner Malmö Stadion]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 14 June 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Billing, Peter (1996). Hundra år av gemenskap – Malmö Idrottsplats 1896–1996 (in Swedish). Möllevångens Samhällsanalys. p. 246. ISBN 91-972921-0-9. 
  6. ^ "Argentina – Germany FR". fifa.com. FIFA. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Germany FR – Northern Ireland". fifa.com. FIFA. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Northern Ireland – Czechoslovakia". fifa.com. FIFA. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Germany FR – Yugoslavia". fifa.com. FIFA. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "EURO '92 Matches". uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Smitt, Rikard (2009). Ända sen gamla dagar... (in Swedish). Project Management. p. 279. ISBN 978-91-633-5767-1. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Alsjö, 2011, p. 199.
  13. ^ a b c Alsjö, 2011, p. 150.
  14. ^ a b "Statistik/ligor Allsvenskan 2004" [Statistics/leagues Allsvenskan 2004]. svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  15. ^ "Ett under att ingen blev allvarligt skadad" [A wonder that no one was hurt]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  16. ^ "En ny borg ska ta MFF till himlen" [A new fortress meant to take Malmö FF to the skies]. hd.se (in Swedish). Helsingborgs Dagblad. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  17. ^ "Nytt Stadion utan löparbanor" [A new stadium without running tracks]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 23 April 2005. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  18. ^ "MFF får ny fotbollsarena" [MFF gets their new football stadium]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 26 April 2005. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "Fem förslag till nytt fotbollsstadion, men inga beslut" [Five suggestions for new football stadium, no decision taken]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  20. ^ "Klartecken för ny Stadion i Malmö" [Go-ahead for new stadium in Malmö]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 6 December 2005. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  21. ^ "MAI-galan ute efter Bolt" [Bolt wanted for MAI gala]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Matchinformation: Malmö FF – GIF Sundsvall" [Match information: Malmö FF – GIF Sundsvall]. svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  23. ^ "Publikliga - HA Div.4 Sydvästra" [Attendance league – HA Div.4 Sydvästra]. svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  24. ^ "Bolt snart klar till gala" [Bolt soon to be confirmed for gala]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  25. ^ "Malmö vill anordna friidrotts-EM" [Malmö want to host athletics championships]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 27 November 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  26. ^ "Malmö kan få tre nya badhus" [Malmö can get three new aquatic centres]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 21 May 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  27. ^ Törner, Ole (2005). Malmö FF; En Supporters Handbok (in Swedish). Stockholm: Bokförlaget DN. p. 48. ISBN 91-7588-683-9. 
  28. ^ "Premiärinformation – del 2" [Primary information – part 2]. swedbankstadion.se (in Swedish). Swedbank Stadion. 10 April 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  29. ^ "Köp biljetter till derbyt på Olympia!" [Buy your ticket to the derby at Olympia!]. mff.se (in Swedish). Malmö FF. 18 April 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  30. ^ "World Individual Speedway Championship". speedway-faq.org. speedway-faq.org. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  31. ^ "Ozzy– en glad pensionär" [Ozzy – a happy senior citizen]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 2 June 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  32. ^ "Elton John – inspirerat vulgosvulst" [Elton John – inspiring vulgarity]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 25 June 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  33. ^ "Dolly fnittrar och glittrar" [Dolly giggles and glitters]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 18 June 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  34. ^ "Som helhet en rätt imponerande uppvisning" [A very impressing show in general]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 2 June 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  35. ^ "Kiss rockade loss ordentligt" [Kiss rocked properly]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  36. ^ "Konsert med hits och covers" [A concert with hits and covers]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 19 June 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  37. ^ "Klagomål efter dåligt Dolly-ljud" [Complaints after bad sound at Dolly Parton concert]. sydsvenskan.se (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. 19 June 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  38. ^ "Hitta hit" [How to get here]. swedbankstadion.se (in Swedish). Swedbank Stadion. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  39. ^ "Citytunneln har öppnat" [The city tunnel is now in operation]. malmo.se (in Swedish). Malmö municipality. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  40. ^ "P-huset Stadion invigt" ["P-huset Stadion" initiated]. pmalmo.se (in Swedish). The parking authority of Malmö municipality. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°35′09.89″N 12°59′21.36″E / 55.5860806°N 12.9892667°E / 55.5860806; 12.9892667