The Malolos Constitution was enacted on January 20, 1899 by the Philippine Malolos Congress, and established the First Philippine Republic.
||This section requires expansion. (November 2012)
The Constitution was written following the defeat of the Spanish in the Battle of Manila Bay by the American Navy during the Spanish-American War and the subsequent Philippine Declaration of Independence. By the time of its adoption, the Spanish had sold the Philippines to the Americans in the Treaty of Paris of 1898
The original was written in Spanish, which became the first official language of the Philippines and a number of translations have been published.
- ^ Published translations include:
^ Kalaw, Maximo Manguiat (1921, 2007), The Present Government of the Philippines, Oriental commercial, ISBN 1-4067-4636-3 (Note: 1. The book cover incorrectly names the author as "Maximo M Lalaw", 2. Originally published in 1921 by The McCullough Printing Co., Manila)
^ Rodriguez, Rufus Bautista (1997), "The 1899 'Malolos' Constitution", Constitutionalism in the Philippines: With Complete Texts of the 1987 Constitution and Other Previous Organic Acts and Constitutions, Rex Bookstore, Inc., ISBN 978-971-23-2193-1, ISBN 971-23-2193-2, ISBN 978-971-23-2193-1.
^ The Malolos Constitution, Chanrobles Law Library, January 20, 1899, retrieved 2007-12-21.