|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||126.11 g mol−1|
161-162 °C, 434-435 K, 322-324 °F
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Maltol is a naturally occurring organic compound that is used primarily as a flavor enhancer. It is found in the bark of larch tree, in pine needles, and in roasted malt (from which it gets its name). It is a white crystalline powder that is soluble in hot water, chloroform, and other polar solvents. Because it has the odor of cotton candy and caramel, maltol is used to impart a sweet aroma to fragrances. Maltol's sweetness adds to the odor of freshly baked bread, and is used as a flavor enhancer (INS Number 636) in breads and cakes. It is not registered as a food additive in the EU and thus has no E-number. Instead, maltol is registered as a flavor component in the EU.
Maltol, like related 3-hydroxy-4-pyrones such as kojic acid, binds to hard metal centers such as Fe3+, Ga3+, Al3+, and VO2+. Related to this property, maltol has been reported to greatly increase aluminum uptake in the body and to increase the oral bioavailability of gallium and iron.
Derivatives of maltol
- Official Journal of the European Union, Volume 54, November 12, 2011
- Official Journal of the European Union, Volume 55, October 2, 2012
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- S.Amatori, G.Ambrosi, M.Fanelli, M.Formica, V.Fusi, L.Giorgi, E.Macedi, M.Micheloni, P.Paoli, R.Pontellini, P.Rossi, Synthesis, basicity, structural characterization, and biochemical properties of two [(3-hydroxy-4-pyron-2-yl)methyl]amine derivatives showing antineoplastic features, J. Org. Chem., 2 marzo 2012; 77(5):2207-18. DOI: 10.1021/jo202270j. Epub 22 febbraio 2012.
- S.Amatori, I.Bagaloni, E.Macedi, M.Formica, L.Giorgi, V.Fusi, M.Fanelli,Malten, a new synthetic molecule showing in vitro antiproliferative activity against tumour cells and induction of complex DNA structural alterations, Br. J. Cancer., 13 luglio 2010; 103(2):239-48. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605745. Epub 22 giugno 2010.