Malton, Ontario

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Malton
Malton Community Centre and Library
Malton Community Centre and Library
Motto: Home of the Avro Arrow
Coordinates: 43°42′12″N 79°38′52″W / 43.70333°N 79.64778°W / 43.70333; -79.64778
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Regional municipality Peel
City Mississauga
Government
 • Mississauga Ward 5 Councillor Bonnie Crombie
Population (2002)[1]
 • Total 36,400
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Forward sortation area L4T
Area code(s) 905 and 289
NTS Map 030M12
GNBC Code FEBVQ
Demonym Maltonian

Malton is a neighbourhood in the northeastern part of the city of Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, located to the northwest of Toronto. The neighbourhood has a population of approximately 36,400 as of 2002.

Malton is bounded by Highway 427 and Finch Avenue (border with Toronto) to the east, the Brampton city border along Steeles Avenue to the north, Airport Road to the west, and the CN rail line and Toronto Pearson International Airport to the south. Malton is unique in that it does not adjoin any other Mississauga neighbourhood. Mimico Creek flows through Malton.

Together, the Malton and Britannia Woods areas of Mississauga form Ward 5. Ward 5 is one of the largest in the City of Mississauga and the only ward with both a large number of businesses and residents. The oldest portion of Malton (the former Police Village of Malton) is located on the northwestern corner of Airport and Derry Roads. All of the roads in this area are named after cities in the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

Historical eras[edit]

1820-1936[edit]

Plan of the Village of Malton of the County of Peel - 1877 Peel Atlas - Dennis and Boulton Surveying Agents

The Second Purchase from the Mississauga Indians on Wednesday, October 28, 1818, was for 648,000 acres. Toronto Township received 34,556 acres, increasing its total acreage to 64,125. The Toronto Township expansion included Malton Village.[1]:xi

The village of Malton took up the east half of Lot 11, Concession 6, East Hurontario Street (EHS). This was the 100 acre land grant of Joseph Price that was designated in 1821. Most sources say Malton was first settled in 1819 or 1820.[1]:xiii

The northeast corner of Toronto Township was first settled in 1820 by Richard Halliday. There is no Halliday listed in the Land Registry papers, so he probably was a squatter and then rented, or his purchase was not registered. Halliday was the local blacksmith and innkeeper, and he named the settlement Malton, after his home in England, Malton, North Yorkshire.[1]:3

Another early settler was Joseph Tomlinson. His land petition was dated August 25, 1819. He and his wife Mary came to Malton in August 1820 to claim his 100 acre land grant; the east half of Lot 10, Conc. 7.[1]:11 Joseph built a cabin 16x20, cleared and fenced 5 acres, cleared the roadway in front of the property within 18 months to comply with the conditions of his land grant.[1]:12

Other early settlers included:

  • Samuel and Margaret Shaw 1821 200 acres S half Lot 10, W half of Lot 11 Con. 8 [1]:14
  • Henry and Elizabeth Brocklebank 1821 [1]:19
  • Samuel Moore 1822. Samuel Moore was the son of John Moore who on April 3, 1822 purchased Robert Chamber’s 100 acre grant; the West half of Lot 11, Con. 6 [1]:23

In the 1840s, the Blanchard family cleared land northwest of the Four Corners and the area became the Village of Malton.[2]:36-43

In 1850, when Toronto Township was incorporated, Malton had a population of 350.[1]:55 The introduction of the Grand Trunk Railway in 1854, allowed better access to Toronto markets for local farmers and Malton thrived as a result. The village of Malton was subdivided in 1855. The population was 600 in 1864. Malton was chosen as the county seat in 1867, but Brampton contested the decision and was awarded the county seat a year later. Its economic prosperity declined, as did the population - to 200. The opportunity for advancement was dealt another blow when the Credit Valley Railway came to Dixie, Streetsville, Meadowvale and Churchville in 1879. Malton suffered with the drop in shipping business.[1]:56

Malton was incorporated as a Police Village in 1914.

1937-1945[edit]

Looking north on Sixth Line (Airport Road)...Malton Airport C1938. National Steel Car and Village of Malton Four Corners can be seen in the top right quadrant[3]:159

In 1937, Malton experienced a major shift from agricultural to an industrial economy when 13 farms were selected to become the location of a 'million dollar, world class airport' (now known as Toronto Pearson International Airport) and location for a new Aircraft manufacturing Industry.

In April 1937, Land agents representing the Toronto Harbour Commission approached the farmers of Malton who owned Lots 6-10 on Concession 5 and 6 to acquire land for Malton Airport. The farmers were:

  • Mrs. Thomas Osborne - 100 acres (Conc. 6, Lot 10) - This farm was on the SW corner of Malton "Four Corners" - Airport (6th line) and Derry Roads
  • Robert H. Peacock - 100 acres (Conc. 6, Lot 9),
  • Frank Chapman - 100 acres (Conc. 6, Lot 8)
  • Rowland Estate - 100 acres (Conc. 6, Lot 7)
  • Frank Chapman - 50 acres (Conc. 6, Lot 6)
  • A. Schrieber - 100 acres (Conc. 5E, Lot 10)
  • W.A. Cripps - 200 acres (Conc. 5W, Lot 10)
  • Wilbur Martin - 100 acres (Conc. 5E, Lot 9)
  • David J. Lammy - 150 acres (Conc. 5W, Lot 9)
  • Mack Brett - 150 acres (Conc.5W, Lot 8,9)
  • John H. Perry - 100 acres (Conc. 5E, Lot 8)
  • Lydia Garbutt - 100 acres (Conc. 5W, Lot 8)
  • John Dempster - 100 acres (Conc. 5E, Lot 7)
  • Horace C. Death - 99 acres (Conc. 5E, Lot 6) - This farm was on the NE corner of Elmbank (Britannia) Road and Torbram (5th Line), closest to the Village of Elmbank.[1][3]

In 1937 the agreements were drawn up for a total purchase of 1410.8 acres (including 108 acres for National Steel Car and 243.73 for Department of National Defense).[3]

Airport[edit]

The Chapman Farm house was the first airport terminal (1937).[4] In 1939, a wooden terminal that was identical to the one built at Toronto City Centre Airport, replaced the Chapman Farm House as the airport terminal.

Malton Airport was also the site of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan facilities during the war-time years.

Aircraft industry[edit]

National Steel Car built a manufacturing plant in 1938. On November 4, 1942, the Federal government expropriated National Steel Car and set up the crown corporation called Victory Aircraft. Victory Aircraft produced Avro Lancaster bombers from 1942 to 1945.

Victory Village[edit]

In 1942, the Canadian Government expropriated the north part of the former Fred Codlin farm and built 200 military-style houses for war-time workers.[1]:138,139 “Victory Village” streets had war-time references; Victory, McNaughton (Andrew McNaughton, commander of the Canadian Forces in the UK), Churchill and Lancaster (Avro Lancasters were built at Victory Aircraft from 1943 to 1945). Victory Community Hall was built shortly after (at Victory Park) and was renovated in 2010.

Victory Hall - renovated in 2010

There were two other streets in the Village, Anson Ave. & Merrit Ave.! Anson ran horizontially at the top of Lancaster. Merrit ran behind Churchill Ave.

1945-1969[edit]

Originally on the border (Airport Road) between Toronto Gore and Toronto Townships, Malton was ceded to Toronto Township in 1952, and then incorporated into the town (1967), and then the City of Mississauga in 1974.

Airport[edit]

The Trans-Canada Airport terminal replaced the wooden terminal in 1949. The Trans-Canada Terminal was replaced by the Aeroquay Terminal in 1964.

Aircraft industry[edit]

A.V. Roe Canada Limited was established on December 1, 1945 and assumed control of Victory Aircraft. In 1946, A.V. Roe acquired Turbo Research Limited, which was later renamed Orenda. On August 10, 1949, the Avro Jetliner made its first flight. On January 19, 1950 the CF-100 Jet Interceptor/Fighter made its maiden flight.[3]

By 1958, Malton acquired an international reputation as a leader in aeronautical design and manufacturing. Malton was the home of the famous Avro Arrow, Canada's first supersonic aircraft, still believed to have been years ahead of its time. On February 20, 1959, Prime Minister John Diefenbaker terminated the project and the five completed Arrows were dismantled. After the cancellation of the Avro Arrow program in 1959, the plant was operated by de Havilland Canada (1962), Douglas Aircraft (1965) McDonnell Douglas Canada (1981), and Boeing Canada (1997) before being demolished in 2005.

Housing[edit]

The Ridgewood subdivision was built in the mid-1950s. Ridgewood (Justine Drive, Capricorn Crescent, Michaud Avenue, Honeysuckle Avenue, Sonja Road, Minotola Avenue, Etude Drive, Lipomanis Drive (Cambrett) and Hermitage Road) was originally called "Malton Defence Homes Subdivision".[5]

Plan of the Ridgewood subdivision from Avro News 1957-05-31

Marvin Heights subdivision was built in the late 1950s (Redstone Road, Bonaventure Drive and Chinook Drive).[6]

The Westwood subdivision was started in the mid-1960s (Morning Star Drive, Darcel Avenue, Dunrankin Drive). Laddie Crescent was established in 1967. Darla Drive, Discus Crescent, Lockington Crescent, Monica Drive, and Rockhill Road are listed on the 1968 Voter list 16242. Wrenwood Cresent and Yuma on 16243. Corliss Crescent, Darcel Avenue, Wyewood Road, Custer Crescent, Meyer Drive, Morningstar Drive, Bayswater Crescent, Madiera Road, Magic Court, Harwick Drive, Topping Road, Wainbrook Road, Dellaport Drive, Woodruff Crescent and Crabtree Crescent also appear on the 1968 Voter lists.

Businesses[edit]

In 1946, the following businesses were located at the “Four Corners” of Malton:

NE Corner

  • McClelland’s Service Station (note: Abell’s Drug Store would relocate to this corner in 1948)

SE Corner

  • Mrs. Swann’s Home (note: Malton Fruit Market aka Longo Brothers later located to this corner)
  • Coffee Shop (Airport Rd)
  • Hoopers Store (Airport Rd)
  • Appleton’s Garage (Airport Rd)
  • Garbutt’s Garage (Airport Rd)

SW Corner

  • Bank of Nova Scotia
  • Abell’s Drug Store (Airport Rd)
  • Leed Drygoods (Airport Rd)
  • Victory Aircraft (Airport Rd)
  • Avronian Grill (Derry Rd)

NW Corner

  • Thompson’s Groceteria and Malton Hardware
  • Langford’s Store (Airport Rd)
  • Hudson’s Barber Shop (Derry Rd)
  • Norman’s Hardware (Derry Rd)
  • Galbraith’s Variety Store (Derry Rd) .[7]

Westwood Mall opened in 1969. The original tenants included Steinbergs grocery on the south end, B&D restaurant, CIBC, Hutone Cleaners, Hilltop Florists, Jay's Footwear, TD Bank, Taso's Pool Hall and Shopper's Drug Mart.

Schools and institutions[edit]
  • Next to Victory Hall is an old school house built in ?. It was sold in 1963 to become a church.
  • Malton Public School opened in 1952. In June 1981, enrollment had decreased to 161 students and Malton Public School closed.[1]:29 It is now a Sikh Temple.
  • Malton Arena opened in October 19, 1968.
Gas explosion[edit]
Looking South on Airport Road in front of Malton Medical Centre on Saturday afternoon October 25, 1969

On Saturday, October 25, 1969 at 2:55 PM a natural gas line leak caused an explosion and fire at the “Four Corners” (the intersection of Airport and Derry Road) of Malton. The “blowtorch” flame was 150 feet high and the heat was estimated to be 1500 degrees Fahrenheit. Consumer’s Gas finally shut the gas off about 4 hours later.[1]:210-213

The Avronian Restaurant, Langford’s Variety, Malton Hardware and Baker’s Lumber were blown apart. The fire consumed Pat’s Steak on a Bun and Sit n’ Eat restaurants and damaged the Bank of Nova Scotia, Malton Fruit Market (Longo’s), Abell’s Drug Store and Shirley’s Pool Hall.

75-year-old Jean Perigo was killed instantly and 20 other people were injured. Two houses, 17 businesses and 49 cars were destroyed. 18 families who live in apartments above the stores were homeless. Over 350 families were evacuated. The total damage was estimated to be $1.5 million. Reconstruction took place over a 10-year period at a cost of $6.5 million. Some businesses re-opened and others closed forever. The “Four Corners” of Malton never regained its former vitality.

1969-present[edit]

Aircraft industry[edit]

The office and manufacturing plant facilities, on the Southwest corner of Airport and Derry Road, that was built by National Steel Car 1938-1942, and subsequently used by Victory Aircraft 1942-1945, A.V. Roe Canada (1945), de Havilland Canada (1962), Douglas Aircraft (1965), McDonnell Douglas Canada (1981), and Boeing Canada (1997) was demolished in 2005.

Nothing left of the Offices and Plant where the Lancaster, CF-100 and AVRO Arrow were built and tested

Orenda Aerospace Division, Magellan Aerospace Corporation continues to operate at 3160 Derry Road east.

Airport and transportation[edit]

In addition to the airport, Malton has great importance as a transportation link between Toronto and its suburbs to the west, particularly Brampton and the other parts of Mississauga. Among other things, the tiny neighbourhood borders the airport, Brampton, Vaughan and Etobicoke. As such, it is very strategically placed and important to the flow of people and goods throughout the Greater Toronto Area.

Historical trivia[edit]

  • McVean’s Road is shown on the Etobicoke Map of 1856.[8] Today, we call this road Rexdale Boulevard.
  • McVean’s sideroad was opened in November 1833 and was known for years as “Old Malton Road” [9]
  • The “New Malton Road” was the original name for the sideroad we now call Dixon Road.[9]
  • Derry Road was called Holderness Street on the 1855 Plan of Malton, Township of Toronto.[1]:65,57
  • The intersection of Airport Road (6th Line) and Derry Road was known as the "Four Corners" [2]:37
  • In the 1840s, members of the Blanchard family cleared the land northwest of the Four Corners and that area became the Village of Malton [2]:37
  • The village was surveyed and subdivided into lots in 1855 by John Staughton Dennis, with streets named by local residents for their English villages back in their homeland. Dennis owned 90 percent of the 100 acre (40 ha) Malton site.[1]:56
  • The first telephone installed in Malton went into McBride's General Store in the summer of 1906.[1]:103
  • Fred Codlin had the first residential phone in Malton C1914.[1]:88
  • Fred Codlin was the first person in Malton to have a car - a Ford Model T C1914.[1]:88,97
  • Hydro came to Malton in 1923 [1]:107
  • The first water mains in Malton were installed in 1938 for the Airport. The water service extended to major businesses and Victory Village in 1943 (but not Malton Village).[1]:180
  • Malton Village did not get municipal water until 1952 after Malton was annexed by Toronto Township.[1]:180
  • A new dial telephone office was constructed on Old Malton Road in 1955.[1]:104
  • Touch-Tone telephones were first introduced at Malton (first in Canada) on June 15, 1964.[1]:105
  • Ridgewood subdivision was originally called Malton Defence Homes Subdivision.[5]
  • Cambrett Drive is a concatenation of the last names of the only 2 families that lived on the street for many years – McCammont and Brett.
  • Cambrett Drive was originally named Lipomanis Drive [6]
  • Summer Records, one of Canada's first Black-owned record labels, was founded in Malton in the 1970s.[10]

Demographics[edit]

The predominantly British town saw an influx of Italian and Polish immigrants from the immediate post-war period through the 1960s, and its proximity to Pearson International Airport (known as Malton Airport from 1939–1960) made it a magnet for immigrants from India (including a large Sikh community) and continues to attract them to this day.

Malton Public School closed in June 1981 and became the Guru Singh Sabba Community Centre.[1]:29

Malton is now a working-class neighbourhood that includes many people of many nations.

One of the busiest intersections in Malton. Facing northwest, the apartment building at 3425 Morningstar Drive can be seen.

Poverty and crime[edit]

Malton's previous reputation for high crime has decreased over the years and it has become an increasingly safer community.[11]

Sports[edit]

Hockey[edit]

The Malton Minor Hockey Association MMHA was founded in 1949. The Malton arena was built in 1968. The MMHA became defunct in 2005 due to changes in demographics.

Lacrosse[edit]

Malton Renegades ran a very successful minor lacrosse program however it also folded in 1982 when they joined with Erindale, Cawthra to form Mississauga Minor lacrosse. Clarkson, the last remaining separate minor club within the City limits would also join in the late 80's. A Jr "C" team also played out of the Malton Arena for a number of years.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Malton is served by the Peel District School Board.

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Brandon Gate Public School.
  • Corliss Public School.
  • Darcel Avenue Senior Public School (formerly Darcel Senior Public School).
  • Dunrankin Drive Public School (formerly Westwood Public School).
  • Lancaster Junior Public School (formerly Lancaster Senior Public School), pre-kindergarten to grade 5.
  • Marvin Heights Public School.
  • Morning Star Middle School (formerly Morning Star Secondary School).
  • Ridgewood Public School.

Secondary school[edit]

Catholic schools[edit]

Malton's Catholic community is served by the Dufferin-Peel Catholic School Board:

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Ascension of Our Lord Secondary School was originally built as a Junior High, but is now Malton's only Catholic High School. Formerly there were also several Primary schools, of which two are left.
  • Holy Cross Separate School is located next to Our Lady of The Airways Catholic Church. When St. Gabriel was closed in 2004, the remaining students were incorporated into Holy Cross and the school was reopened as an Adult Learning Centre.
  • St. Raphael Elementary School is located at the North end of Woodgreen Park. Students from St. Michael (closed in 2003) and Our Lady of the Airways (closed in 2004) were transferred to St. Raphael's. The St. Michael's building was torn down, and Our Lady of the Airways was demolished in 2009.

Private schools[edit]

  • The Khalsa School Malton is a fully accredited junior kindergarten to Grade 8 Sikh religious school, located on Airport Road next to the Malton Gurdwara.

Development[edit]

As of 2010, a new bus terminal was built on the corner of Morningstar Dr. and Goreway Dr. An overbridge at railway crossing on Goreway Drive has been started and will soon begin construction. Malton Route 107 travel times will be reduced once the Mississauga Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) transitway is complete.

There is a Punjabi/Indian shopping plaza in its final stages of construction at Drew Road and Airport Road.

There are two new pools under construction at the community centre, two new ambulance stations on either side of Malton and one new fire hall.

Victory Hall, home to WWII soldiers heading off to war, was completely renovated to launch it on its next 60 years.

Five of the parks have been renovated with new features for residents of all ages.

Notable people[edit]

Old sign that welcomed people upon their entry to Malton. This sign was replaced with several new community signs featuring the Avro Arrow. Now there are signs at all of the entries to Malton.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Hicks, Kathleen A. (2005). Malton: Farms to Flying. Friends of the Mississauga Library System. 
  2. ^ a b c Raftery, Anna-Marie (1996). Passport to the Past Heritage Tours. Mississauga, Ontario: The Mississauga Heritage Foundation Inc. 
  3. ^ a b c d Cook, Dave (2008). Fading History Vol 1. Mississauga: David L. Cook. pp. 67–100. ISBN 978-0-9734265-2-6. 
  4. ^ Cook, Dave (2010). Fading History Vol 2. Mississauga: David L. Cook. pp. 149–174. ISBN 978-0-9734265-3-3. 
  5. ^ a b "Construction Forging Ahead on New Malton Subdivision". Avro News 3 (10): 2. May 31, 1957. 
  6. ^ a b Voters List. Elections Canada. 1958. pp. 12578–12581. 
  7. ^ Scully, Angus (1981). Malton Memories – Pioneers to Airport. Mississauga: Trinity United Church Afternoon Ladies Group. p. 44. 
  8. ^ Unwin, Charles (1856). Map of the Township of Etobicoke in the County of York. Toronto: Provincial Chambers. 
  9. ^ a b Given, Robert A. "Highfield". Etobicoke Historical Society. 
  10. ^ "Summer Records Anthology (1974-1988)". Light in the Attic Records. Retrieved March 2014. 
  11. ^ Sidhu, Jasmeet (27 August 2010). "Malton shakes off a bad reputation". Toronto Star. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Stewart, John (November 7, 2008). "Sprinter Gets his Place in History". Mississauga.com. 
  13. ^ "Teddy Morris Returns to Argos as Chief Scout for Canadians". Montreal Gazette. November 13, 1956. 

Coordinates: 43°42′12″N 79°38′52″W / 43.70333°N 79.64778°W / 43.70333; -79.64778