Malus trilobata

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Malus trilobata
Eriolobus trilobatus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Malus
Species: M. trilobata
Binomial name
Malus trilobata
C.K.Schneid.

Malus trilobata, the Lebanese wild apple, erect crab apple or three-lobed apple tree, is a species in the family Rosaceae in the genus Malus. [1] Some authorities place it in the segregate genus Eriolobus, as Eriolobus trilobatus.

Distribution[edit]

Malus trilobata is endemic to Lebanon, with surviving trees in the Mount Lebanon Range, at altitudes of 1,000–1,500 metres (3,300–4,900 ft). [1]

The last remaining forest community of the endemic wild apple in the country, that is protected, is in Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve.

Description[edit]

Malus trilobata has an upright habit with horizontal branching and a mature size of 15 metres (49 ft) height by 7 metres (23 ft) width. [2]

The leaves are maple-like and deeply three-lobed. They turn from orange to red to deep purple in the fall. [1]

The tree blooms during April and May producing white flowers and yellow fruits.

References[edit]

  • "Les Principaux Arbres du Liban"; La Fascicule des Essences Forestieres du Liban. Projet d'assistance a la protection de la couverture vegetale au Liban (Ministry of Agriculture and European Union); 1999.
  • Zahreddine, H.G., Barker, D.J., Quigley, M.F., Sleem, K., Struve, D.K. (2007b); "Patterns of woody plant species diversity in Lebanon as affected by climatic and soil properties"; Lebanese Science Journal 8:21–44.