Mam people

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Mam
Mam people.jpg
Total population
640,000
Regions with significant populations
 Guatemala 617,171[1]
 Mexico 23,632[2]
Languages
Mam, Spanish
Religion
Catholic, Evangelical, Maya religion
Related ethnic groups
Ixil, Tektitek
Woman of the Mame culture. She lives in Pavencul Ejido, Municipality of Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico

The Mam are a Native American people in the western highlands of Guatemala and in south-western Mexico.

Most Mam (617,171) live in Guatemala, in the departments of Huehuetenango, San Marcos, and Quetzaltenango.[3][4] The Mam people in Mexico (23,632) live principally in the soconusco region of Chiapas.[2]

In Pre-Columbian times the Mam were part of the Maya civilization; the Pre-Columbian capital of the Mam kingdom was Zaculeu.

Many Mam live in and around the nearby modern city of Huehuetenango. The city of Quetzaltenango or Xela was originally Mam. Many more Mam live in small hamlets in the mountains of Northern Guatemala, keeping many of their native traditions. Many Mam are bilingual and speak both Spanish as well as the Mam language, part of the Maya language family, - the latter typically as their first language.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "XI Censo Nacional de Población y VI de Habitación (Censo 2002) - Pertenencia de grupo étnico". Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. 2002. Retrieved 2008-05-27.  Note that the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) mentions a different number [1]
  2. ^ a b Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas (CDI) "Mames de Chiapas". CDI. 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  3. ^ "Radiografía del Pueblo Mam". ALMG. Retrieved 2008-05-27. [dead link]
  4. ^ Ethnologue report for Guatemala

External links[edit]