|1st Prime Minister of Senegal|
18 May 1957 – 18 December 1962
|President||Léopold Sédar Senghor|
|Succeeded by||Abdou Diouf|
18 July 1910|
|Died||25 January 2009
|Political party||Senegalese Democratic Bloc|
Mamadou Dia (18 July 1910 – 25 January 2009) was a Senegalese politician who served as the first Prime Minister of Senegal from 1957 until 1962, when he was forced to resign and was subsequently imprisoned amidst allegations that he was planning to stage a military coup to overthrow President Léopold Sédar Senghor.
Mamadou Dia was born in Kombolé, Senegal on July 18, 1910. He was educated at École William Ponty.
Dia started life in politics as a leader in the Afrique occidentale française (AOF). Dia served in the French Senate from 1948 to 1956 and the French National Assembly from 1956 to 1958. Dia was appointed as Prime Minister by the French National Assembly to serve alongside the newly elected President Léopold Sédar Senghor. His time served as Prime Minister was often controversial and his radical socialist views often clashed with those of the more moderate Senghor.
In 1962, he was accused of plotting a coup and as a result, was forced to resign and was subsequently imprisoned until 1974.
Dia attempted to restart his career in the early 1980s, but the small party he led found little support.
- Pamela Cox and Richard Kessler. Après Senghor a Socialist Senegal? African Affairs. Volume 79, Number 316. pp. 327–342
- (French) F. Diaye, M. Printz, Tine, Visages publics au Sénégal. 10 personnalités politiques parlent, L'Harmattan, 1991, 260 p. ISBN 2-7384-0567-3
- (French) Babacar Ndiaye et Waly Ndiaye, Présidents et ministres de la République du Sénégal, Dakar, 2000.
- « La crise éclair qu'a vécue Dakar » (en ligne, un document audiovisuel de l'INA de 1' 23, retraçant la tentative de coup d'État de Mamadou Dia, diffusé à l'origine par les Actualités françaises le 26 décembre 1962)
- « Le Sénégal après la crise » (en ligne, un document audiovisuel de l'INA de 7' 20, proposant un bilan après le coup d'État avorté de Mamadou Dia, diffusé à l'origine au cours du Journal télévisé de l'ORTF le 27 décembre 1962)
- The African Nations and World Solidarity. Translated by Mercer Cook. Pp. xii, 145. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1961
- Un article de M. Dia qui analyse la politique économique du Président Wade en 2001
- Senegal - History and Politics Institute for Security Studies, South Africa.
NB: Portions of this article were translated from the French language Wikipedia article: Mamadou Dia, accessed 2008-02-15.
|Prime Minister of Senegal