|— neighbourhood —|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Chennai South|
|Legislative Assembly constituency||T. Nagar|
Mambalam (Tamil: மாம்பலம்) is a residential and commercial area in the heart of Chennai (Madras), India. It is best known for its shops, bazaars and Hindu temples. It is bounded by Kodambakkam to the north and Saidapet to the south. T. Nagar and Nandanam stretch all along its eastern frontiers while KK Nagar lies to its west. The Ayodhya Mandapam is an important landmark.
Prior to its inclusion in the then city of Madras, Mambalam was a village in the Saidapet taluk of Chingleput district. The oldest surviving reference to Mambalam is believed to be in a 1726 stone plaque commemorating the construction of the Marmalong Bridge (now known as Maraimalai Adigal bridge) across the Adyar river by the merchant Coja Petrus Uscan. The bridge is believed to have been named after the village of Marmalong or Marmalan identified with Mambalam. The village was, then, a zamindari administered by zamindars belonging to a Telugu-speaking Reddi family, tikkavarapu krishnaveni ammal.
Urbanisation of Mambalam was started in 1911 with the construction of the Mambalam railway station on the Madras-Kanchipuram railroad. The Long Tank, which formed the western frontier of Madras city, was drained out in 1923. The same year, the administration of Mambalam was handed over to the British by its zamindar. The township of Theagaraya Nagar, popularly known as T. Nagar (unofficially the east mambalam), was constructed in the southern part of the zamindari during 1923-25. The townships of Mambalam and Theagaraya Nagar covering an area of 1.008 sq. miles were included in the Mambalam division of Madras city. These outlying residential suburbs were connected to the rest of the city by an effective bus service. The areas surrounding Arya Gowda Road were obtained from Badaga leader and politician H. B. Ari Gowder.
West Mambalam is served by Mambalam railway station (the busiest station after Central and Tambaram), providing access to Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore and Tambaram. The nearest bus terminus is T. Nagar. Bus Access From CMBT, K.K.Nagar, Iyyppanthangal, Poonamallee towards T.Nagar, Broadway and Anna Square Via Postal colony and other Access Like Towards Mylapore and Vallalar nagar are From Rangarajapuram and Saligramam Via Brindavan Street, Further Bus Access From Ekkattuthangal, West Saidapet, Guindy Estate and Besant nagar are towards Broadway, Anna square, Pattabiram, Tollgate, Vadapalani, Kundrathur and Thiruvanmiyur etc. Via Mettupalayam (Govindan Road)
Temples:There are many historical temples which are more than 100 years old and Ayodhya Mandapam which is said to be the place of vocalist offers place for many cultural events and many more for those who find to be religious. Other temples include Sathya Narayana Kovil, Kasi Viswanathar Koil, Kodhandaramar temple, Adhi Kesava Perumal Temple near Govidan Road, Muragashramam, Kali bari temple (Kali bari is a miniature replica of the famous Dakshineswar Kali Temple near Kolkata.). There is also a Sai Baba temple and an Annai meditation center.
Schools: SBSM Jain School, Ahobila Mutt Oriental School, JGHV school, Sitaram vidhyalaya, Anjugam, Little oxford, Sri Narayana Mission School, SB Motha Girls School and SRM Nightingale,GRT Mahalakshmi School.
Popular Eateries: Data udipi hotel, Bakya hotel, Venkatramana Poli stall, Venkateshwara Poli Stall,Vinayak Chat.
Theater: There is a one oldest theater in Mambalam is Srinivasa Theater. Another theater was there named National Theater which demolished in later 90's which was situated in Lake View Road
- "When the postman knocked…". The Hindu. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- Alphabetical list of villages in taluks and districts of Madras Presidency. 1930. p. 103.
- Varghese, Nina (August 29, 2006). "T.Nagar: Shop till you drop, and then shop some more". The Hindu Business Line.
- The Journal of Asian studies, Volume 58. Association of Asian Studies. 1999. p. 658.
- Srinivasachari, C. S.; Runganadhan, S. E. (1939). History of the City of Madras: Written for the Tercentenary Celebration Committee. Madras: P. Varadachary and Co. p. 287.
- Ashoka Mithran (March 7, 2009). "The Glorious West Mambalam". Chennai Online.
- Article on T. Nagar in The Hindu Business Line