|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Chennai South|
|Legislative Assembly constituency||T. Nagar|
Mambalam (Tamil: மாம்பலம்) is a residential and commercial area in the heart of Chennai (Madras), India. It is best known for its shops, bazaars and Hindu temples. It is bounded by Kodambakkam to the north and Saidapet to the south. T. Nagar and Nandanam stretch all along its eastern frontiers while KK Nagar lies to its west. The Ayodhya Mandapam is an important landmark.
The origin of mambalam is - in ancient times it is known as mylai mel ambalam(city located west side of the mylai) then it is known as mel-ambalam then mel(top) change into west and ambalam change into mambalam therefore it is known now as west mambalam.See Comment Number 2 Posted on 07 Aug 2012 10:31 AM
Prior to its inclusion in the then city of Madras, Mambalam was a village in the Saidapet taluk of Chingleput district. The oldest surviving reference to Mambalam is believed to be in a 1726 stone plaque commemorating the construction of the Marmalong Bridge (now known as Maraimalai Adigal bridge) across the Adyar river by the merchant Coja Petrus Uscan. The bridge is believed to have been named after the village of Marmalong or Marmalan identified with Mambalam. The village was, then, a zamindari administered by zamindars belonging to a Telugu-speaking Reddi family.
Urbanisation of Mambalam was started in 1911 with the construction of the Mambalam railway station on the Madras-Kanchipuram railroad. The Long Tank, which formed the western frontier of Madras city, was drained out in 1923. The same year, the administration of Mambalam was handed over to the British by its zamindar. The township of Theagaraya Nagar, popularly known as T. Nagar, was constructed in the southern part of the zamindari during 1923-25. The townships of Mambalam and Theagaraya Nagar covering an area of 1.008 sq. miles were included in the Mambalam division of Madras city. These outlying residential suburbs were connected to the rest of the city by an effective bus service. The areas surrounding Arya Gowda Road (originally the Ari Gowder Road) were obtained from Badaga leader and politician H. B. Ari Gowder. In its early days, Mambalam was affected by sanitation issues and was notorious for its filaria epidemics.
Starting from the 1960s, Mambalam grew into a middle-class residential neighbourhood in counter-balance to the sister-township of Theagaraya Nagar which was evolving into a busy shopping district.
West Mambalam is served by Mambalam railway station (the busiest station after Chennai Central, Egmore and Tambaram), providing access to Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore and Tambaram. The nearest bus terminus is T. Nagar. The bus service connects the area to K.K.Nagar, Vadapalani, Iyyppanthangal, Poonamallee, T.Nagar and Broadway (via Postal Colony), Mylapore and Vallalar Nagar (via Rangarajapuram) and Saligramam (via Brindavan Street), West Saidapet and Besant Nagar (via Mettupalayam). Other less frequent services connect the area to Taramani, Guindy Industrial Estate, Pattabiram, Tollgate and Kundrathur.
Temples:There are many historical temples which are more than 100 years old and Ayodhya Mandapam which is said to be the place of vocalist offers place for many cultural events and many more for those who find to be religious. Other temples include Sathya Narayana Kovil, Kasi Viswanathar Koil, Kodhandaramar temple, Pushpa Vinayagar Kovil, Adhi Kesava Perumal Temple near Govindan Road, Muragashramam, Kali bari temple (Kali bari is a miniature replica of the famous Dakshineswar Kali Temple near Kolkata.). There is also a Shirdi Sai Baba temple (Jai Shankar Street), an Annai meditation center and GMCKS (Pranic Energy Healing with Meditation in No.9/6 Mahadevan St. West Mambalam Center) (serving the needy for All Chronic diseases and related Psychological problems.)
Schools: SBSM Jain School, Ahobila Mutt Oriental School, JGHV school, Sitaram vidhyalaya, Anjugam, Little oxford, Sri Narayana Mission School and SRM Nightingale,GRT Mahalakshmi School.
Popular Eateries: Data Udipi Hotel, Bakya Fast Food, Hot 'N' Chat, Kameshwari, Venkatramana Poli stall, Venkateshwara Poli Stall, Maamis Soups, OSB Chat center and Vinayak Chat.
Theater: There is an one oldest theater in Mambalam called Srinivasa Theater. Another theater was there named National Theater which demolished in later 90's which was situated in Lake View Road
- "When the postman knocked…". The Hindu. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- Alphabetical list of villages in taluks and districts of Madras Presidency. 1930. p. 103.
- Varghese, Nina (August 29, 2006). "T.Nagar: Shop till you drop, and then shop some more". The Hindu Business Line.
- The Journal of Asian studies, Volume 58. Association of Asian Studies. 1999. p. 658.
- Srinivasachari, C. S.; Runganadhan, S. E. (1939). History of the City of Madras: Written for the Tercentenary Celebration Committee. Madras: P. Varadachary and Co. p. 287.
- Ashoka Mithran (March 7, 2009). "The Glorious West Mambalam". Chennai Online.
- Article on T. Nagar in The Hindu Business Line