Pouteria sapota

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Mamey sapote
ARS- Pouteria sapota.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Genus: Pouteria
Species: P. sapota
Binomial name
Pouteria sapota
(Jacq.) H. E. Moore & Stearn
Synonyms[1]

See text

Sapote, mamey, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 520 kJ (120 kcal)
32.1 g
Sugars 20.14 g
Dietary fiber 5.4 g
0.46 g
1.45 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1)
(1%)
0.013 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(10%)
0.116 mg
Niacin (B3)
(10%)
1.432 mg
(8%)
0.397 mg
Vitamin B6
(55%)
0.72 mg
Folate (B9)
(2%)
7 μg
Vitamin C
(28%)
23 mg
Vitamin E
(14%)
2.11 mg
Trace metals
Calcium
(2%)
18 mg
Iron
(6%)
0.78 mg
Magnesium
(3%)
11 mg
Manganese
(10%)
0.204 mg
Phosphorus
(4%)
26 mg
Potassium
(10%)
454 mg
Sodium
(0%)
7 mg
Zinc
(2%)
0.19 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Pouteria sapota, mamey sapote, is a species of tree native to Central America, naturally ranging from southern Mexico to southern Costa Rica. Today, the tree is cultivated not only in Mexico, but also in Central America, the Caribbean, and South Florida for its fruit, which is commonly eaten in many Latin American countries. It has different names depending on the country: mamey, zapote colorado (Costa Rica), níspero and zapote rojo (South America), among others.

Description[edit]

A cluster of Pouteria sapota leaves
CDC sapote2.jpg

Mamey sapote is a large and highly ornamental evergreen tree that can reach a height of 15 to 45 meters (60 to 140 feet) at maturity. Like most fruit trees, it is mainly propagated by grafting, which ensures the new plant has the same characteristics as the parent, especially its fruit. It is also considerably faster than growing trees by seed.

The leaves are pointed at both ends, 4 to 12 inches in length and grow in clusters at the ends of branches.

The fruit is about 10 to 25 cm (4 to 10 inches) long and 8 to 12 cm (3 to 5 inches) wide and has flesh ranging in color from pink to orange to red. The brown skin has a texture somewhat between sandpaper and the fuzz on a peach. The fruit's texture is creamy and soft. A mamey sapote is ripe when the flesh is pink when a fleck of the skin is removed. The flesh should give slightly, as with a ripe kiwifruit.

The mamey sapote is related to other sapotes such as sapodilla (Manilkara zapota), abiu (P. caimito) and canistel (P. campechiana), but unrelated to the black sapote (Diospyros digyna) and white sapote (Casimiroa edulis).[2] It should not be confused with the mammee apple (Mammea americana).

Mammea americana, a similar-looking but unrelated fruit.

Uses[edit]

The fruit is eaten raw or made into milkshakes, smoothies, ice cream and fruit bars. It can be used to produce marmalade and jelly.[3] Some consider the fruit to be an aphrodisiac.[citation needed] Some beauty products use oil pressed from the seed,[4] otherwise known as sapayul oil.[5]

Nutrition[edit]

The fruit is an excellent source of vitamin B6 and vitamin C, and is a good source of riboflavin, niacin, vitamin E, manganese, potassium and dietary fiber. Research has identified several new carotenoids from the ripe fruit.[6][7]

Synonyms[1][edit]

  • Achras mammosa Bonpl. ex Miq. nom. illeg.
  • Achras zapota var. major Jacq.
  • Bassia jussaei Griseb.
  • Bassia jussiaei Tussac
  • Calocarpum huastecanum Gilly
  • Calocarpum mammosum var. bonplandii (Kunth) Pierre
  • Calocarpum mammosum var. candollei (Pierre) Pierre
  • Calocarpum mammosum var. ovoideum (Pierre) Pierre
  • Calocarpum sapota (Jacq.) Merr.
  • Calospermum mammosum var. bonplandii (Kunth) Pierre
  • Calospermum mammosum var. candollei Pierre
  • Calospermum mammosum var. ovoidea Pierre
  • Calospermum parvum Pierre
  • Lucuma bonplandiiv Kunth
  • Sapota mammosa Mill.
  • Sideroxylon sapota Jacq.
  • Sideroxylum sapota Jacq.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Plant List". 
  2. ^ Boning, Charles R. (2006). Florida’s Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 139. ISBN 1561643726. 
  3. ^ Jamieson, G. S.; McKinney, R. S. (1931). "Sapote (mammy apple) seed and oil". Oil & Fat Industries 8: 255. doi:10.1007/BF02574575. 
  4. ^ Molly Chadwick (11 January 2011). "Emerald Forest® Botanical Hair Care With Rainforest Sapayul Committes to More Natural Products With Introduction of Paraben Free Shampoos And Conditioners - Yahoo! News". Encinitas, CA: PRWEB. Retrieved 25 August 2011. "Sapayul oil comes from the seeds of Sapote, a fruit indigenous to the Central American rainforests and an ancient Mayan secret for beautiful, soft, and shiny hair." 
  5. ^ Anita Grant (14 December 2006). "Organic Sapote Seed Oil (inci: Pouteria Sapota, Zapote, Mamey Sapote, Zapayul, Sapayul)". anitagrant.com's photostream. Flickr. Retrieved 25 August 2011. "Organic Sapote Seed Oil (inci: Pouteria Sapota, Zapote, Mamey Sapote, Zapayul, Sapayul)" 
  6. ^ Murillo E, McLean R, Britton G, Agócs A, Nagy V, Deli J (2011). "Sapotexanthin, an A-provitamin carotenoid from red mamey (Pouteria sapota).". J Nat Prod. 74 (2): 283–5. doi:10.1021/np1006982. PMID 21214217. 
  7. ^ Gulyás-Fekete G, Murillo E, Kurtán T, Papp T, Illyés TZ, Drahos L, Visy J, Agócs A, Turcsi E, Deli J (2013). "Cryptocapsinepoxide-Type Carotenoids from Red Mamey, Pouteria sapota.". J Nat Prod. 76 (4): 607–14. doi:10.1021/np3007827. PMID 23451823. 

External links[edit]