Mammuthus creticus

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Mammuthus creticus
Cretanelephant-petermaas.jpg
Skeleton in the Netherlands
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Genus: Mammuthus
Species: M. creticus
Binomial name
Mammuthus creticus
Bate, 1907

Mammuthus creticus, or Cretan dwarf mammoth, is an extinct species of dwarf mammoth. It was the smallest mammoth that ever existed.[1]

After DNA research, published in 2006, it was proposed to rename Palaeoloxodon creticus into Mammuthus creticus (Bate, 1907).[2] Others proposed (in 2002[citation needed]) to rename all the described specimens of larger size under the new subspecies name Elephas antiquus creutzburgi (Kuss, 1965). In a study of 2007, it was argued for the groundlessness of the theory by Poulakakis et al. in 2006,[3] showing the weak points of that DNA research.[4] However, morphological data is at least equivocal, and may also support placement in Mammuthus.

Teeth

References[edit]

  1. ^ Herridge, V. L.; Lister, A. M. (2012). "Extreme insular dwarfism evolved in a mammoth". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279 (1741): 3193. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.0671.  edit
  2. ^ Poulakakis, N.; Parmakelis, A.; Lymberakis, P.; Mylonas, M.; Zouros, E.; Reese, D. S.; Glaberman, S.; Caccone, A. (2006). "Ancient DNA forces reconsideration of evolutionary history of Mediterranean pygmy elephantids". Biology Letters 2 (3): 451–454. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0467. PMC 1686204. PMID 17148428.  edit
  3. ^ Poulakakis N., Parmakelis A., Lymberakis P., Mylonas M., Zouros E., Reese D., Glaberman S., Caccone A. (2006). "Ancient DNA forces reconsideration of evolutionary history of Mediterranean pygmy elephantids". Biol. Lett. 2 (3): 451–454. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0467. PMC 1686204. PMID 17148428. 
  4. ^ Orlando, L., Pagés, M., Calvignac, S., et al. (2007-02-22). "Does the 43bp sequence from an 800000 year old Cretan dwarf elephantid really rewrite the textbook on mammoths?". Biology Letters 3 (1): 57–59. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0536.