Mamnoon Hussain

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Mamnoon Hussain
ممنون حسین.
Mamnoon Hussain 2014.jpg
Mamnoon Hussain, 2014
12th President of Pakistan
Incumbent
Assumed office
9 September 2013
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Asif Ali Zardari
Governor of Sindh
In office
19 June 1999 – 12 October 1999
President Rafiq Tarar
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Moinuddin Haider
Succeeded by AM Azim Daudpota
Personal details
Born Mamnoon Hussain
(1940-12-23) 23 December 1940 (age 74)
Agra, United Provinces, British India
(now in Uttar Pradesh, India)
Citizenship  Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Residence Aiwan-e-Sadr
Alma mater Karachi University
(BComm)
Institute of Business Administration
(MBA)
Religion Islam
Website Government website

Mamnoon Hussain (Urdu: ممنون حسین‎ ; born 23 December 1940) is a Pakistani textile businessman, nationalist conservative,[1] and a politician[2] who has been serving as the President of Pakistan since 9 September 2013.[3]

Hussain briefly served as Governor of Sindh in 1999; his stint as Governor was cut short by the military coup d'état staged in 1999. After the PML(N) secured majority in general elections held in 2013, Hussain was nominated and elected as President of Pakistan on 30 July 2013.[3] During the indirect presidential elections held in 2013, Hussain received 432 votes from the Electoral College out of 704 votes, during which, his competitor Wajihuddin Ahmed received 77 votes.[4] Succeeding outgoing president, Asif Zardari, who did not seek reelection, Hussain took over the presidency after an oath administrated by the Chief Justice of Pakistan on 9 September 2013.[4][5]

Personal life[edit]

Mamnoon Hussain hails from an Urdu-speaking family[6] of shoe traders[7] and was born in Agra, India during the British colonial rule.[8] He and his family migrated to Karachi in 1949 after the Partition of India in 1947.[9]

After graduating from a local high school, Hussain enrolled in the Karachi University where he studied for the Commerce degree in 1957.[10] Graduating in BA with honors in Commerce from the Karachi University, he entered in the master's program of the famed Institute of Business Administration (IBA) in Karachi, and gained MBA in 1965.[11][12] Initially supporting and strengthening his father's business, he shifted to his own business in textile.[11]

Hussain was once president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry.[13] He briefly served as Governor of Sindh in 1999.

Political career[edit]

Hussain began take his interest in national politics in 1968 when he joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) then-led by Nurul Amin. Initially an activist with a missionary and reformative zeal in 1968, Hussain began joint secretary of the Pakistan Muslim League's Karachi chapter.[12] In 1993, he officially joined the PML(N) led by Nawaz Sharif and was appointed the Finance Secretary of the PML(N) in Sindh.[12]

In June 1999, he went on to become the Governor of Sindh, but his term was cut short on October 12, 1999 when the PML(N) government was removed.[12] His credentials as a politician devoted to the cause of democracy were established when he became a political prisoner after raising his voice against the totalitarian regime of the then military dictator.[12]

Azhar Haroon, current president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry is quoted to have said: "He had no political affiliation until 1999 but his polite discourse and professional ability impressed Nawaz Sharif, who made him Governor of Sindh"[14] He is a relatively less known figure,[9][15] a described as loyal to Nawaz Sharif,[16] and was elected as President of Pakistan as the official nominee of the PML-N in the July 2013 presidential election. Hussain secured 432 votes and his one and only rival Wajihuddin Ahmed received 77.[17] He was sworn in on 9 September 2013 in a ceremony held at Aiwan-e-Sadr, attended by main stream political and military leadership alongside foreign dignitaries, media personnel and his close relatives.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Toor, Liaquat (9 December 2013). "Nation united against vices". Special report by Liaquat Toor (Pakistan Observer, 2013). Pakistan Observer. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Profile of presidential candidate Mamnoon Hussain, Presidential elections: PML-N picks Mamnoon Hussain for top job. The Express Tribune (Pakistan)
  3. ^ a b Rashid, Haroon (2 March 2014). "Pakistan's invisible president: Mamnoon Hyssain". Special editorial report by Harood Rashid, the BBC Urdu correspondant (in English (British)) (Islamabad: BBC Pakistan Bureau, 2013). BBC Pakistan Bureau. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b The Newspaper's Staff Reporter (9 September 2013). "Mamnoon Hussain takes oath today". Islamabad: Dawn News, 2013. Dawn Newspapers. p. 1. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Staff report (9 September 2013). "Mamnoon Hussain takes oath as country’s 12th president". Islamabad: Pakistan Today. Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "Mamnoon Hussain most likely to replace Zardari". The News. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Shah, Benazir (31 July 2013). "EXCLUSIVE: Q&A WITH PRESIDENT-ELECT MAMNOON HUSSAIN". Newsweek. 
  8. ^ "Indian-Born Mamnoon Hussain Elected President of Pakistan, After Opposition PPP Boycotts Poll". IB Times. 30 July 1948. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Explainer: All You Need To Know About Pakistan's (Indirect) Presidential Election". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 10 November 2014. 
  10. ^ Zhao, Chen Lee (2 March 2014). "Profile: Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain". Xinhua, Pakistan bureau, 2014. Xinhua, Pakistan bureau. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Shao, Ming (17 February 2014). "President Mamnoon Hussain". Shanghai Dail, Pakistan Bureau. Shanghai Dail, Pakistan Bureau. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Govt. Pakistan. "President's Profile". http://www.presidentofpakistan.gov.pk/. Presidency, Govt of Pakistan. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  13. ^ Ghumman, Khawar (23 July 2013 ) Mamnoon strongest PML-N candidate. Dawn.
  14. ^ "India-born Mamnoon Hussain elected Pakistani president". NDTV.com. 
  15. ^ Nemtsova, Anna (30 July 2013). "Mamnoon Hussain: The New Man in Pakistan". Thedailybeast.com. 
  16. ^ Mamnoon Hussain elected President of Pakistan. Gulf News.
  17. ^ "Mamnoon Hussain elected 12th President of Pakistan". geo.tv. 30 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Mamnoon takes oath as 12th president today. nation.com.pk. 9 September 2013

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Moinuddin Haider
Governor of Sindh
1999
Succeeded by
Azim Daudpota
Preceded by
Asif Ali Zardari
President of Pakistan
2013–present
Incumbent