Manaccan

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Coordinates: 50°04′59″N 5°07′41″W / 50.083°N 5.128°W / 50.083; -5.128

Manaccan church
Manaccan in relation to neighbouring parishes

Manaccan (Cornish: Manahan)[1] is a civil parish and village on the Lizard peninsula in south Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is about five miles (8 km) south-southwest of Falmouth.[2]

Manaccan parish is in an area known as Meneage which means 'land of the monks', a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The parish is bordered to the north by the Helford River (a drowned river valley or ria), to the west by St Martin-in-Meneage parish, to the south by St Keverne parish, and to the east by St Anthony-in-Meneage parish. The origin of the name Manaccan is probably derived not from a saint but from the Cornish for (church) of the monks. It was also at times called Minster in English because it must once have had a Celtic monastery. "St Manacca" is recorded as the patron as early as 1308.[3]

The population of Manaccan was 299 in the 2001 census.[4]

Manaccan lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park.

Buildings and antiquities[edit]

The parish church is dedicated to St Mannacus and St Dunstan (early records have St Manacca). There was a Norman church here and fragments of it remain; the doorway is one of the best specimens of Norman entrances in Cornwall.[5] The rest of the structure is of the 13th and 15th centuries. The west tower is built of slate.[6] The church is well known for a large and flourishing fig-tree which is growing out of the western part of the south wall of the church. It has been there for at least 250 years.[7]

Boden Vean Fogou was rediscovered by a local farmer in the 1990s and was excavated by archaeologists in 2003[8] and in September and October 2008.

Geology[edit]

In 1791 William Gregor discovered titanium in the stream that runs through the valley just south of the village. The location is commemorated by a plaque placed next to the bridge. The mineral ilmenite, an iron titanium oxide, was a constituent of the ore identified by William Gregor; it has an alternative name manaccanite, derived from Manaccan.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 204 Truro & Falmouth ISBN 978-0-319-23149-4
  3. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 152-53
  4. ^ [1] GENUKI website; Manaccan; retrieved April 2010
  5. ^ [2] GENUKI website; Manaccan; retrieved April 2010
  6. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 112-13
  7. ^ [3] GENUKI website; Manaccan; retrieved May 2010
  8. ^ Modern Antiquarian (The). "Higher Boden Fogou". Retrieved 2009-06-01. 

External links[edit]