Manasquan Reservoir

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Manasquan Reservoir
Manasquan triathlon.jpg
A quadrathlon occurring at the reservoir
Location Monmouth County, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°10′44″N 74°12′26″W / 40.178775°N 74.207239°W / 40.178775; -74.207239Coordinates: 40°10′44″N 74°12′26″W / 40.178775°N 74.207239°W / 40.178775; -74.207239
Type Reservoir
Primary inflows Timber Swamp Brook
Primary outflows Timber Swamp Brook
Basin countries United States
Max. depth 40 feet
Manasquan Reservoir County Park
Type Passive park
Location Howell, New Jersey, United States
Area 1,204 acres (4.87 km2)
Created 1990
Etymology Lenape Native American dialect meaning "mouth of the river"[1]
Owned by Monmouth County
Operated by Monmouth County Park System
Visitors 1.1 million (in 2010)[2]
Open 7AM - dusk (Environmental Center: 10AM-5PM)
Status Open all year
Camp sites No
Hiking trails 5
Habitats Endangered bald eagle
Species Birds: Great Blue Heron, Osprey, Double-crested Cormorant, bald eagle. Also: Frogs, turtles, snakes, white-tailed deer, red fox, raccoon[3]
Collections Several, at Environmental Center
Designation Wilderness Reserve
Parking cars and trailers, 5 lots
Public transit access None
Other information Small picnic areas

The Manasquan Reservoir is a source of water for municipalities and utilities, as well as a 1,204-acre (4.87 km²) park, located in Howell Township, in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. The reservoir doubles as a park that is part of the Monmouth County Park System. The park has trails, a visitor's center, a nature/environmental center, a boat launching area and a several dikes for fishing, among its facilities. The park receives over a million visitors a year.[2] It is reachable by car and there are five parking lots, including one for vehicles hauling trailers.[4] The park's trails are open to walkers, runners, hikers, bicyclists and equestrians.[5]

Trails[edit]

The park has 6.2 miles of trails rated at an easy-to-moderate physical challenge level in a 1204-acre area that includes the reservoir itself[3] A 5.1-mile (8 km) multi-use perimeter trail surrounds the reservoir.[6] The trail is signed with blue-colored metal posts and is marked with brown-colored wooden mileposts. It starts in the vicinity of the visitors parking area. The mile posts run in a clockwise direction as the viewer looks north, and start at the southern portion of the park. There are also a number of shorter trails, but these have no milepost markings. The shorter trails are also considerably narrower. The width of the perimeter trail fluctuates between 8 and 24 feet (7.3 m), whereas that of the side trails is usually no greater than 3 feet (0.91 m). Footbridges in the path are 6 feet (1.8 m) wide.[4] The trail surface is mostly crushed gravel (quarry stone) and level.[6][7]

A second trail, called the Cove Trail, features 1.1 miles (1.8 km) of nature that explores the woods in the southern section of the park. lakeshore near the environmental center. The trail starts off at mile 0.7 of the main Perimeter Trail and ends at the picnic area next to the environmental center. Binoculars are recommended for sightseeing of wildlife in this area.[8] There are also three other shorter trails: the Wetlands Spur (0.2 mile long), the Environmental Center Bracken Trail (0.2 mile long) and the Bear Swamp Connector trails (0.5 mile long).

Perimeter Trail[edit]

The perimeter trail runs in an westerly fashion, in the southern portion of the park and along Windeler Road, until it reaches a wetlands area where it takes a sharp northerly turn. Continuing north, it passes by the environmental center, located near milepost 1.3. Passing the environmental center, the trail continues parallel to the driveway that leads to the environmental center parking lot and makes its way Georgia Tavern Road, a county road that roughly serves as the western boundary of the Park. Here the trail starts to run in a northeasterly fashion parallel to the Georgia Tavern Road to lead to Chestnut Point where parking is available for nearby recreational fishing. The trail continues to run north to milepost 2 where it starts to run east towards milepost 3 and alongside Peskin Road and Southard Avenue. Past milepost 3 (and roughly around mile 3.3) the trail crosses the main utility service road of the Manasquan Water Supply System, after which it makes an abrupt southern turn to run alongside Manassa Road. It then becomes considerably narrower trail having a wide no greater than 8 feet in the area of milepost 4, but expands again to some 20 feet wide as it reaches its end at milepost 5 in the area of the visitors parking lot. Mileposts are marked to the mile.[6]

The following table lists some of the facilities, services, and features along the perimeter trail (Note: Except for the posted wooden milepost markings, all other mileage shown are approximations):

Milepost Facility, Service, or Feature
0.0 MILEPOST MARKER (START)
0.1 Johnny-on-the-spot toilets
0.2 Road to Park Ranger's Home
0.3 Yield sign
0.5 Bridges (2)
0.6 Cove Trail entrance
0.7 Resting bench
0.8 Dike/bridge
0.9 Resting bench
1.0 MILEPOST MARKER
1.1 Resting bench/Shortcut trail to Environmental Center
1.2 Cove Trail crossing
1.3 Environmental Center and parking lot/Park map
1.4 Georgia Tavern Road
1.5 Dike
1.7 Chestnut Point parking lot/Johnny-on-the-Spot toilets/Park map
1.8 Dike/fishing pier
1.9 Resting bench
2.0 MILEPOST MARKER
2.2 Yield sign/Johnny-on-the-spot toilet
2.4 Wildlife observation blind
2.5 Resting bench
3.0 MILEPOST MARKER
3.5 Dam road crossing
3.7 Steel bridge
3.8 Johnny-on-the-Spot toilet
3.9 Resting bench
4.0 MILEPOST MARKER
4.4 Vehicular Gate
4.5 Service driveway/Park map/Bear Swamp Connector Trail (across Old Tavern Road)
4.6 Vehicular Gate/Yield sign/Lakeside trail entrance
5.0 MILEPOST MARKER
5.1 Visitor's western parking area (END)

Cove Trail[edit]

This trail (marked in green) starts at milepost 0.6 of the Perimeter Trail. It is very narrow and must be hiked in single-file formation. Its course is also more challenging than the perimeter trail, which is mostly flat. Some mud puddles may be encountered on this trail as it does not receive maintenance comparable to the perimeter trail. It does not have a gravel or quarry stone base; the path of this trail is just the ground itself in its natural form. The trail is 1.1 miles long, crosses the Perimeter Trail at mile post 1.2, and ends at the Environmental Center. The Cove Trail is considered a nature trail; it makes its way around a pond/wetlands in the southern section of the park. It has two bridges, two boardwalks (over muddy areas), and a wildlife viewing area.[5]

Wetlands Spur/Lakeside Trail[edit]

The parking lot at the eastern end of the visitor's center (the lot used by trailers carrying water crafts using the reservoir's lake) opens to a trail that leads to the lake and which eventually connects to the eastern portion of the perimeter trail. It is officially called the Wetlands Spur. Walking this trail, it first offers a picnic area (with a Johnny-on-the-spot nearby) and a wildlife observation blind and, continuing in an easterly fashion, this trail provides access to the lake's shore for sightseeing and fishing. Continuing the trail is a small pedestrian wooden bridge followed by a resting bench facing the lake. Continuing on, the trail comes to an end when it connects to the perimeter trail. The entire length of the Wetlands Spur trail is 0.2 mile.[5]

Bracken Trail[edit]

The unassuming entrance to this little trail is behind the Environmental Center. The trail is narrow and meant for pedestrian (walkers/hikers) use only.[9] This trail explores the lakeside area around the environmental center.[10] The trail features about a dozen well-labeled indigenous flora and fauna, complete with their scientific name. The trail is about 0.2 mile long, runs counter-clockwise (when starting from behind the environmental center) and ends at the environmental center's parking lot, behind the large concrete wall that doubles as the environmental center's welcome sign. Its base is quarry stone.[9]

Bear Swamp Connector Trail[edit]

This 0.5-mile long trail is located at the eastern end of the park in a tract of land known as Bear Swamp Tract. It provides access to Howell Township's Oak Glen Park to the Perimeter Trail. It is approximately 8 feet wide and intended for casual walking.[5] This trail leads away from the main park and must be followed backwards to return to the main park facilities.[6] It is off mile 4.5 on the Perimeter Trail and hikers must cross Old Tavern Road to get on it.

Environmental Center[edit]

The environmental center is reachable by car and has its own parking lot. It contains displays of the fauna and fishery of the area, related instructional materials, and overlook windows to the surrounding land area and lake. There are restroom facilities at the center, but the center closes much earlier than the park itself. In the back of the environmental center, there is also a hidden loop trail nearby leading to the lake.[3]

Recreational activities[edit]

Visitors can bring in their own water crafts, such as boats, kayak, canoes, etc., or they can avail themselves of the rowboat and group boat rides available to park visitors. There are boat launching piers for entry into the lake. Fishing is permitted on the lake, and there are several good fishing spots. Horseback riding and biking is also permitted on the trails. The park also has a playground for children near the visitors center.[2]

Visitors center[edit]

A visitors center features restroom facilities, vending machines, park literature, and a small shop to purchase fishing supplies (a bait shop). There is also a hall with the look of a winter lodge. An observation deck, with on-deck pay-for-view binoculars, complements the second floor features of the center.[7] The visitors center has three parking lots. The center parking lot is closest to the center itself. The western lot provides easy access to the 5.1-mile perimeter trail, children's playground, and a small picnic area facing the lake. The eastern lot is intended for vehicles with watercraft trailers intending to use the craft launching ramp at the end of the lot and next to the visitors center.[11]

Wilderness reserve[edit]

A selected portion of the reservoir's property is designated as a wildlife reserve which protects aquatic fauna such as smallmouth bass, hybrid striped bass, tiger muskie, bullhead catfish and panfish.[12] Notable bird species and land animal species in the area include: Great Blue Heron, Osprey, Double-crested Cormorant, and the bald eagle. Also frogs, turtles, snakes, white-tailed deer, red fox, and raccoons.[3]

Reservoir[edit]

The Manasquan reservoir, along with the BMUA, Glendola and Swimming River reservoirs provide a large portion of the drinking water for Central New Jersey. The reservoir is operated by the New Jersey Water Supply Authority and became operational in 1990.[13] The reservoir was created by damming the Timber Swamp Brook. Several portions of wetland were destroyed in the making of the reservoir. By New Jersey state law, for all wetland destroyed by mankind, additional equivalent amounts of wetlands must be recreated artificially in the immediacy of the destroyed wetland. The reservoir has a four billion gallon capacity and a maximum depth of 40 feet (12 m). It can supply up to 30 million US gallons (110,000 m3) of water per day.[8] It has a maximum depth of 40 feet.[14]

Memorial benches[edit]

Several of the benches along the perimeter trail have memorial plaques.[15] Following is a listing with their contents:[16]

  • The bench at 0.7 miles bears a plaque from "The Taub Family memorializing "The Great Dog Maggie". It contains a second plaque with these words: "We'll meet on the path in the woods, as the sunlight glistens through the trees, near the bridge where the water ripples on the rocks."
  • The bench at 0.9 mile bears a plaque with the name Larry Rispoli.
  • The bench at 1.1 miles bears two plaques. The first one says "To the memory of Our Tommy." The second one says "We will always love you, forever and for always, because you are our dear one."
  • The bench at 1.9 miles bears a plaque with the name Arlene Wishengrad.
  • The bench at 2.5 miles bears the name Gary P. Racich, with a second plaque containing the second verse ("I see skies of blue...") of the song What a Wonderful World.
  • The bench at 3.9 miles bears these names:
    • Mandy Reo
    • Chelsea Heptig
    • Dannie Lucey
    • Hunkey Franklin
    • Pam Reo
    • Simone Reo
with the note "We will Love and Miss you Always."

There is also a resting bench at the Wetlands Spur to the memory of Robert Baxter III.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Howell Township. Howell Townhship. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Businesses aid playground repairs. Tri-Town News. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d 'Manasquan Reservoir County Park. New York-New Jersey Trail Conference. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b Manasquan Reservoir. New Jersey Trails Association. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d The Manasquan Reservoir. Monmouth County Park System. 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d Manasquan Reservoir. NJ Hiking. 26 March 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2014
  7. ^ a b Places to Run: Manasquan Reservoir. Charlie Hoffmann. Run New Jersey. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  8. ^ a b Manasquan Reservoir. Monmouth County. Board of Recreation Commissioners. Publication #A3445. September 2008.
  9. ^ a b Cove Trail Detour. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  10. ^ Walking A-Z EVENT. Judy Travis. Woodland Travelers. 30 May 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  11. ^ Monmouth County Park System. Monmouth County. Board of Chosen Freeholders. Board of Recreation Commissioners. Manasquan Reservoir, Howell, NJ. Publication G14403-8/14. Page 3. August 2014.
  12. ^ Manasquan Reservoir Wildlife Reserve and Park. Angel Cher. Wildlife Journal: The Local Refuge. 7 August 2008. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  13. ^ Manasquan Reservoir Surprise. Paul Tarlowe and Mark Boriek. New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  14. ^ Monmouth County Park System. Monmouth County. Board of Chosen Freeholders. Board of Recreation Commissioners. Manasquan Reservoir, Howell, NJ. Publication G14403-8/14. Page 1. August 2014.
  15. ^ Manasquan Reservoir: 311 Windeler Road, Howell, New Jersey 07731. Get Outside New Jersey. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  16. ^ Friends of the Park: Memorial and Tribute Gifts. Monmouth County Friends of the Parks. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  17. ^ Monmouth County Park System. Monmouth County. Board of Chosen Freeholders. Board of Recreation Commissioners. Manasquan Reservoir, Howell, NJ. Publication G14403-8/14. Page 4. August 2014.

External links[edit]