|Azərbaycan manatı (Azerbaijani)|
|ISO 4217 code||AZN|
|Central bank||Central Bank of Azerbaijan|
|Inflation||2.2% June 2012.|
|Source||Central Bank of Azerbaijan|
|Coins||1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50 qəpik|
|Banknotes||1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 manat|
The Manat (code: AZN) is the currency of Azerbaijan. It is subdivided into 100 qəpik. The word manat is borrowed from the Russian word "moneta" (coin) which is pronounced as "maneta". Manat was also the designation of the Soviet ruble in both the Azerbaijani and Turkmen languages.
The Azerbaijani manat symbol, ₼ (), was assigned to Unicode U+20BC in 2013. A lowercase m. or man. can be used as a substitute for the manat symbol.
First Manat, 1919-1923
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and its successor the Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic issued their own currency between 1919 and 1923. The currency was called the manat (منات) in Azeri and the ruble (рубль) in Russian, with the denominations written in both languages (and sometimes also in French) on the banknotes. The manat replaced the first Transcaucasian ruble at par and was replaced by the second Transcaucasian ruble after Azerbaijan became part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. No subdivisions were issued, and the currency only existed as banknotes.
The Democratic Republic issued notes in denominations of 25, 50, 100, 250 and 500 manat, whilst the Soviet Socialist Republic issued notes in denominations of 5; 100; 1,000; 5,000; 10,000; 25,000; 50,000; 100,000; 250,000; 1 million and 5 million manat.
Second Manat, 1992-2006
From early 2002 to early 2005, the exchange rate was fairly stable (varying within a band of 4770–4990 manat per US dollar). Starting in the spring of 2005 there was a slight but steady increase in the value of the manat against the US dollar; the reason most likely being the increased flow of petrodollars into the country, together with the generally high price of oil on the world market. At the end of 2005, one dollar was worth 4591 manat. Banknotes below 100 manat had effectively disappeared by 2005, as had the qəpik coins.
The following banknotes were issued for this currency
- 1, 5, 10, 250 manat (all first issued on 15 August 1992)
- 50, 100, 500, 1000 manat (all first issued in early 1993)
- 10,000 manat (first issued in August 1994)
- 50,000 manat (first issued in May 1996)
Third Manat, 2006
On 1 January 2006, a new manat (ISO 4217 code AZN, also called the "manat (national currency)") was introduced at a value of 5,000 old manat. Since 1 October 2005, prices have been indicated both in new manats and in old manats to ease transition. Coins denominated in qəpik, which had not been used from 1993 onwards due to inflation, have been reintroduced with the redenomination. The former manat (ISO code 4217 AZM) remained valid through 31 December 2006.
The new banknotes and Azeri Manat symbol, ₼ (), were designed by Robert Kalina in 2006, and the symbol was added to Unicode (U+20BC) in 2013, after failed addition proposals between 2008 and 2011. The final Azeri Manat symbol design was inspired by the design of the Euro sign (€), based on an initial proposal by Mykyta Yevstifeyev, and resembles a single-bar Euro sign rotated 90° clockwise.
Coins in circulation are 1, 3, 5, 10, 20 and 50 qəpik. Most coins closely resemble the size and shape of various euro coins. Most notably the bimetallic 50 qəpik (similar to €2 coin) and the 10 qəpik (Spanish flower, like the 20 cent coin). Coins were first put into circulation during January 2006 and do not feature a mint year.
|Coins of the (new) manat (2006)|
|Image||Value||Technical parameters||Description||Date of|
|1 qəpik||16.25 mm||2.8 g||Copper plated steel||Plain||Theme: Culture
traditional instruments used in performing modal music-mugham
|Map of Azerbaijan, country name, value||(2006)||January 2006||Current||-|
|3 qəpik||18.00 mm||3.45 g||Grooved||Theme: Writing and Literature|
|5 qəpik||19.75 mm||4.58 g||Reeded||Theme: History
|10 qəpik||22.25 mm||5.25 g||Brass plated steel||Notched
|20 qəpik||24.25 mm||6.6 g||Segmented reeding||Theme: Education and Future|
|50 qəpik||25.5 mm||7.7 g||Inner ring: brass plated steel
Outer ring: stainless steel
|Theme: Economy and Progress|
Banknotes in circulation are 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 manat. They were designed by Austrian Robert Kalina, who also designed the current banknotes of the euro and the Syrian Pound. Therefor notes look quite similar to those of the euro and the choice of motifs was inspired by the euro banknotes.
|New manat (2006–present)|
|Image||Value||Dimensions||Main Color||Description||Date of|
|1 manat||120 × 70 mm||Grey||Theme: Culture
||Ornaments of ancient Azerbaijani carpets||2005
|5 manat||127 × 70 mm||Orange||Theme: Writing and literature
||Rock drawings of Gobustan, samples of Old Turkic script|
|10 manat||134 × 70 mm||Blue||Theme: History
||Ornaments of ancient Azerbaijani carpets||2005||March 2006|
|20 manat||141 × 70 mm||Green||Theme: Karabakh
Signs of power (a sword, a helmet and a shield)
|Symbol of peace (harybulbul)|
|50 manat||148 × 70 mm||Yellow||Theme: History and future
Youth, stairs (as a symbol of progress), the sun (as a symbol of force and light) and chemical and mathematical symbols (as signs of science)
|Ornaments of ancient Azerbaijani carpets||April 2006|
|100 manat||155 × 70 mm||Mauve||Theme: Economy and development
||Ornaments of ancient Azerbaijani carpets|
|These images are to scale at 0.7 pixels per millimetre.|
- In 2009 the Azərbaycan Milli Bankı (National Bank of Azerbaijan) was renamed the Azərbaycan Mərkəzi Bankı (Central Bank of Azerbaijan). In 2010, the 1-manat banknote was issued with the new name of the issuing bank, and in 2012 a 5-manat banknote was issued with the new name of the issuing bank.
|1 manat (2009)|
|5 manat (2009)|
- In 2011 the Azerbaijani ministry of finance announced it was considering to issue notes of 2 and 3 manat as well as notes with values larger than 100 manat In February 2013 the Central Bank of Azerbaijan announced it would not introduce larger denomination notes until at least 2014.
|Current AZN exchange rates|
|From Google Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL|
|From Yahoo! Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL|
|From XE.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL|
|From OANDA.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL|
|From fxtop.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL|
- National Bank of Azerbaijan. "History of the National Bank of Azerbaijan". Retrieved 2006-12-30.
- "Currency codes". Interinstitutional style guide. European Union. 7 January 2014.
- Aliyev, Rustam (2013 Jun 18). "Azeri Manat symbol is coming to Unicode (U+20BC)". Code.az.
- Pentzlin, Karl (2013-06-10). "Proposal to add the currency sign for the Azerbaijani Manat to the UCS" (PDF).
- Trend.az (17-11-2011). Available at http://www.trend.az/capital/business/1958468.html
- Trend.az (26-02-2013). Available at http://www.trend.az/capital/business/2123837.html
- (German) Der Standard article on the redenomination
- Azerbaijan International. Azerbaijan's New Manats: Design and Transition to a New Currency
- Catalog of Azeri coins and banknotes