Manatee County, Florida

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Manatee County, Florida
Bradenton FL newer county crths pano01.jpg
Manatee County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Manatee County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded January 9, 1855
Named for Florida manatee
Seat Bradenton
Largest city Bradenton
Area
 • Total 893 sq mi (2,313 km2)
 • Land 743 sq mi (1,924 km2)
 • Water 150 sq mi (388 km2), 16.8%
Population
 • (2013) 342,106
 • Density 435/sq mi (168/km²)
Congressional districts 14th, 17th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.mymanatee.org

Manatee County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 322,833.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Bradenton.[2] The county was created in 1855. It was named for the Florida manatee (commonly called a "sea cow" and distantly related to the elephant), which is endangered and Florida's official marine mammal.

Manatee County is included in the North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Features of Manatee County include access to the Southern part of Tampa Bay, the Sunshine Skyway Bridge, and the Manatee River. Rowing facilities are being developed in the area and the Upper Manatee River Canoe Trail has been created. There are several parks and preserves.

History[edit]

The area now known as Manatee County was inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years. The southern mouth of the Manatee River was likely the landing site of the De Soto Expedition and is the location of the U.S. National Park Service's De Soto National Memorial.

Every January, the Manatee County Fair takes place at the fairgrounds.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 893 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 743 square miles (1,920 km2) is land and 150 square miles (390 km2) (%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 854
1870 1,931 126.1%
1880 3,544 83.5%
1890 2,895 −18.3%
1900 4,663 61.1%
1910 9,550 104.8%
1920 18,712 95.9%
1930 22,502 20.3%
1940 26,098 16.0%
1950 34,704 33.0%
1960 69,168 99.3%
1970 97,115 40.4%
1980 148,442 52.9%
1990 211,707 42.6%
2000 264,002 24.7%
2010 322,833 22.3%
Est. 2013 342,106 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

In 2012, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that the county's population was 333,810. The racial makeup of the county was 86.6% White, 9.3% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 1.6% from two or more races. 15.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 264,002 people, 112,460 households, and 73,773 families residing in the county. The population density was 356/sq mi (138/km²). There were 138,128 housing units at an average density of 186/sq mi (72/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.36% White, 8.19% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.84% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 9.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 112,460 households out of which 23.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.70% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 24.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,673, and the median income for a family was $46,576. Males had a median income of $31,607 versus $25,007 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,388. About 7.10% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Bealls of Florida has its headquarters in unincorporated Manatee County.[10][11]

Libraries[edit]

The Manatee County Public Library System serves the residents of Manatee County with six locations:

  • Central - Bradenton
  • Palmetto - Palmetto
  • Braden River - Bradenton
  • Island - Holmes Beach
  • South Manatee - Bradenton
  • Rocky Bluff - Ellenton
  • Talking Book Library is administered through the Bureau of Braille and Talking Books Library, Daytona [1]

The library system provides a variety of services which include adult, young adult, and children's materials, as well as a genealogy section and the Eaton Florida History Reading Room. The libraries also offer extensive programming that includes author luncheons, children's story-times and summer reading programs. Computers for all to use are also provided at all locations. Residents may obtain a library card with a driver's license with their current Manatee County address, or a tax receipt.[12][13]

History of libraries[edit]

Public libraries in Manatee County began in the year 1898 with a privately owned rental library was created by Mrs. Julia Fuller in the Mrs. Bass Dry Goods store. The first independent library building in the county was opened in Bradenton in 1907, followed by Palmetto building a Carnegie Library in 1914 and Bradenton doing the same in 1918. For much of the 20th century, libraries in both cities were free to city residents while county residents had to pay a non-resident fee. In 1964, the city library associations in Bradenton and Palmetto merged with the Manatee County government to create what is now known as the Manatee County Public Library System. This was followed by the establishment of a bookmobile for rural areas in late 1964 and a Talking Books program for the blind in 1966.

As demands on the bookmobile grew and the library collection outstripped the existing buildings in Bradenton and Palmetto, the first branch of the Manatee County Public Library system was built in Bayshore in 1967, followed by a new branch on East Ninth Street in 1969 and an Island branch in 1971, the last of which later moved into a new building in 1983. A new building for the Palmetto Library was built in 1969, eventually followed by the modern Central Public Library in downtown Bradenton in 1978.

The 1990s saw a period of rapid growth for Manatee County, and the library system grew to accommodate, with the Braden River, Rocky Bluff, and South Manatee branches opening in 1991, 1994, and 1998, respectively, and the Braden River branch subsequently moved to a new building in 1997, bringing the Manatee County Library System to its modern state.

Communities[edit]

Map of Manatee County indicating incorporated municipalities. Number corresponds to list at left.

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/12081.html
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Contact Us." Bealls (Florida). Retrieved on December 14, 2009.
  11. ^ "Samoset CDP, Florida." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 14, 2009.
  12. ^ http://www.mymanatee.org/home/government/departments/neighborhood-services/library/summary-of-services.html "Summary of Services: Manatee County Public Library System" Retrieved April 19, 2013
  13. ^ http://www.mymanatee.org/home/government/departments/neighborhood-services/library/locations-hours.html%7C "Locations and Hours: Manatee County Public Library System" Retrieved April 19, 2013

External links[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Education and Cultural Resources[edit]

Tourism links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°29′N 82°22′W / 27.48°N 82.36°W / 27.48; -82.36