Manbazar I (community development block)

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Manbazar I
মানবাজার I সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
community development block
Manbazar I is located in West Bengal
Manbazar I
Manbazar I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°03′41″N 86°39′51″E / 23.0615°N 86.6642°E / 23.0615; 86.6642Coordinates: 23°03′41″N 86°39′51″E / 23.0615°N 86.6642°E / 23.0615; 86.6642
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Area
 • Total 378.82 km2 (146.26 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 127,609
 • Density 340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Literacy 55.09%
Lok Sabha constituency Purulia
Vidhan Sabha constituency Manbazar
Website purulia.gov.in

Manbazar I (community development block) is an administrative division in Purulia Sadar East subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Manbazar, Puncha and Kenda police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this block is at Manbazar.[1][2]

History[edit]

Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[3]

Maoist activities[edit]

Manbazar, along with certain other areas such as Banduan, Jhalda, and Jaipur are part of the area of violent activities by Maoists, also referred to as Naxalites.[4][5][6][7]

Geography[edit]

Manbazar is located at 23°03′41″N 86°39′51″E / 23.0615°N 86.6642°E / 23.0615; 86.6642.

Manbazar I community development block has an area of 378.82  km2.[2]

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.[8]

The Kangsabati Project has submerged large areas of Purulia District in the Manbazar area.[9]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Manbazar I block/ panchayat samiti are: Baramasya-Ramnagar, Bamni-Majhihira, Bhalubasa, Bisri, Chandra-Pairachali, Dhanara, Gopalnagar, Jitjuri, Kamta-Jangidiri and Manbazar.[10]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Manbazar I block had a total population of 127,609, out of which 64,310 were males and 63,299 were females. Manbazar I block registered a population growth of 8.56 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[2] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[11]

In Manbazar I CD Bloc the scheduled caste population was 31,233 and the scheduled tribe population was 30,402. Each of these groups formed about a quarter of the total population.[12]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Manbazar I block had a total literacy of 55.09 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 74.00 per cent female literacy was 35.94 per cent. Purulia district had a total literacy of 55.57 per cent, male literacy being 73.72 per cent and female literacy being 36.50 per cent.[13]

Culture[edit]

The ruins of a 12th/13th century Buudheswara Shiva and other temples lie at Budhpur, under Manbazar Police Station, 6 km (3.7 mi) north of Manbazar town on the road to Hura, on the north bank of the Kangsabati River (locally known as Kasai).[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Purulia district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  4. ^ "Security tightened before Bengal polls". PTI. IBN Live. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  5. ^ "Maoists observe 24-hr bandh in five states". UNI. newsoneindia. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  6. ^ "Purulia alert after land-mine blasts". The Statesman, 4 December 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-02. [dead link]
  7. ^ Jana, Naresh. "Terror shield for CPM". The Telegraph, 9 March 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  8. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  9. ^ "Map of Purulia District". calcuttaweb. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  10. ^ "Annexure A to G.O No.121(Sanction)-RD/CCA/BRGF/1C-5/08". Allotment under BRGF Fund 1st Instalment 2010-11 – Purulia District. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  12. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  13. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  14. ^ "Archeological Tourist Interest". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02.