Manchester, Iowa

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Manchester, Iowa
City
Location of Manchester, Iowa
Location of Manchester, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°29′10″N 91°27′26″W / 42.48611°N 91.45722°W / 42.48611; -91.45722Coordinates: 42°29′10″N 91°27′26″W / 42.48611°N 91.45722°W / 42.48611; -91.45722
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Delaware
Government
 • Mayor Milt Kramer
Area[1]
 • Total 4.70 sq mi (12.17 km2)
 • Land 4.68 sq mi (12.12 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 942 ft (287 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 5,179
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 5,123
 • Density 1,106.6/sq mi (427.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52057
Area code(s) 563
FIPS code 19-48810
GNIS feature ID 0458752
Website manchester-ia.org

Manchester is a city in Delaware County, Iowa, United States. The population was 5,179 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Delaware County.[4] Manchester is located at the intersection of State Highway 20 and State Highway 13, and is the largest community in Delaware County.

History[edit]

Manchester was founded in the 1850s. It was originally called Burrington after its founder, Levings Burrington, who settled there in 1852.[5]

The county courthouse was built in 1894 for $38,000. The clock in the tower was paid for with contributions from 700 county citizens. C.E. Bell designed the Romanesque Revival building,[1] which is constructed of red pressed brick. The main body of the building measures 76 by 100 feet.[3] The tower and spire are 135 feet (41 m) high, and the walls of the building are 18 inches (45.7 cm) thick.[3] The decorative metal ceilings on the first floor and the elaborate woodwork are original to the building. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981 as a part of the County Courthouses in Iowa Thematic Resource.

Geography[edit]

Manchester's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 42.486046, -91.457227 along the Maquoketa River.[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.70 square miles (12.17 km2), of which 4.68 square miles (12.12 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Manchester historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 1,492 —    
1880 2,275 +52.5%
1890 2,344 +3.0%
1900 2,887 +23.2%
1910 2,758 −4.5%
1920 3,111 +12.8%
1930 3,413 +9.7%
1940 3,762 +10.2%
1950 3,987 +6.0%
1960 4,402 +10.4%
1970 4,641 +5.4%
1980 4,942 +6.5%
1990 5,137 +3.9%
2000 5,257 +2.3%
2010 5,179 −1.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. 

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,179 people, 2,199 households, and 1,391 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,106.6 inhabitants per square mile (427.3/km2). There were 2,341 housing units at an average density of 500.2 per square mile (193.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 2,199 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 41.1 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 20.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 5,257 people, 2,167 households, and 1,397 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,274.0 people per square mile (491.5/km2). There were 2,315 housing units at an average density of 561.0 per square mile (216.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.99% White, 0.10% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 2,167 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.

Age spread: 26.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,099, and the median income for a family was $39,219. Males had a median income of $33,506 versus $17,990 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,811. About 8.4% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Manchester serves as the county seat of Delaware County, which is a major employer.

Among Manchester's largest employers include; Exide Technologies, Regional Medical Center, Henderson Products, West Delaware Community School District and XL Specialized Trailers, with many other strong small businesses throughout Delaware County. Agriculture is a major component to the local economy as well.

Manchester is uniquely located within 45 miles of 3 larger cities in the State; Cedar Rapids, Waterloo and Dubuque.

Parks and Recreation[edit]

Manchester is currently in the construction phase of a Whitewater Park located on the Maquoketa River which runs through the downtown district. This park will feature 6-18" Drops and will be approximately 900' in length.

A full concrete designed Skate Park was built in 2013, located at Central Park.

Manchester is home to the Manchester Trout Hatchery, which dates back to the 1890s. The facility also functions as the Iowa DNR NE Regional Office for Fisheries, Wildlife and Law Enforcement.

Manchester & Delaware County resides over 35 Parks that covers 2,000+ acres. Delaware County is also home to Backbone State Park, Iowa's first state park and remains as one of the most geographically unique.

The Manchester Family Aquatic Center features 3 water slides, diving board, zero depth entry, spray fountains, sand volleyball and concessions.

Education[edit]

Manchester is part of the West Delaware Community School District in Delaware County, which includes West Delaware High School, Middle School and Lambert Elementary. The schools Mascot is the Hawks. In addition to, St. Mary's Catholic School also serves K-6th.

West Delaware High School was designated by the United States Department of Education as a 2012 National Blue Ribbon School. This coveted award is based on their overall academic excellence. Just two High Schools were awarded this designation in the State of Iowa in 2012.

West Delaware's Lambert Elementary and Middle School were recognized as a HealthierUS Bronze School in 2014, which is also nationally recognized.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ The History of Delaware County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, &c. Western Historical Company. 1878. pp. 478–483. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]