Manchester Airports Group
Manchester, Greater Manchester,
England, United Kingdom
|Products||Airport operations and services|
|Revenue||£393.1 million (2013) 5.3%|
|Operating income||£73.6 million (2013) 12.4%|
|Total assets||£3.3 billion (2013)
|Total equity||£1.5 billion (2013)
|Owner(s)||Ten boroughs of Greater Manchester (64.5% total)
IFM Investors (35.5%)
East Midlands Airport
London Stansted Airport
The Manchester Airports Group plc (commonly abbreviated as MAG) is a holding company which is owned by the ten metropolitan borough councils of Greater Manchester, in North West England, and Australian investment fund Industry Funds Management. Founded in 2001 following the acquisition of East Midlands Airport, MAG is the largest UK-owned airport operator, following the purchase of BAA by Spain's Ferrovial Group in 2006. The Group owns four British airports, Bournemouth, East Midlands and Manchester Airport which is the busiest airport outside the London region, as well as London Stansted Airport. In 2013, 43.6 million passengers used Manchester Airports Group.
Of the ten metropolitan boroughs of Greater Manchester, Manchester City Council holds the largest stake, at 35.5%. The remaining nine councils hold a total of 29%. Industry Funds Management own a 35.5% stake in MAG. The Group has its registered office at Manchester Town Hall. MAG operates on a commercial basis at arms length from its public owners who only take a dividend from profits. This was £20 million in 2010 while MAG retained £80 million from the £100 million profit. The Group are focused on delivering the £659 million Manchester Airport City.
Planning permission for the Airport City development was confirmed on 17 January 2013 and construction work is due to begin in February 2013. On 18 January 2013, it was announced that MAG would purchase Stansted Airport from Heathrow Airport Holdings for £1.5bn. Industry Funds Management purchased a 35.5% stake in MAG to help fund the takeover. The sale was completed on 28 February 2013.
Manchester Airport opened in 1938 and was funded by Manchester City Council and has remained in public ownership ever since. Historically it has been the second-busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow. The M56 motorway was built to serve the airport in 1972, a new rail station was opened in 1993 and a second runway was completed in 1997.
In 1999, Manchester Airport bought Humberside Airport marking its arrival as an airport management company. In 2000, National Express put both East Midlands and Bournemouth Airport up for sale - both of which were sold for £241 million to MAG in 2001. Consequently, the councils of Greater Manchester saw it fit to create a dedicated holding company to manage this portfolio at arms length. Manchester Airports Group was formed in 2001 to own and operate Manchester Airport and the other smaller acquisitions.
Manchester Airports Group runs airport service-related businesses including baggage handling and ground services, car parking, fire-fighting, airport security, engineering, motor transport services and advertising. The property and development arm of MAG, previously known as MADL (Manchester Airport Developments), was rebranded as MAG Developments in early 2009.
The Group reported 2007/08 profits of £96.5m and decided in 2008 to sell Humberside Airport after 9 years of ownership. However this decision was reversed later in the year following a surge in passenger numbers and little interest from potential bidders. However, MAG sold its 83.7% share of Humberside in 2012 for £2.3 million to Eastern Group who operate nearly half of all flights there amid a return to a general decline of passenger numbers for small regional airport and desire to focus on larger airports.
MAG in partnership with a Canadian pension fund and financial assets unsuccessfully bid for London Gatwick Airport, this followed a report by the Competition Commission into BAA's market dominance in London/South East England and Scotland forcing it to sell off some of its airports. MAG made a £1.4 billion offer to acquire Gatwick Airport in 2009. Originally BAA wanted £2 billion for the airport, but eventually came down to an asking price of £1.5 billion. However, MAG refused to arrange a further £100 million of finance and consequently pulled out of the race.
In 2011 the proposed Manchester Airport City office and commercial space development abutting the airport became one of the Governments new low tax Enterprise Zones, the zones featured include World Logistics Hub to the south of the airport offering logistics and air freight, Airport City to the north of the airport offering office and high-tech manufacturing, MediPark around Wythenshawe Hospital for medical and clinical firms alongside several retail, office and business parks inside the town of Wythenshawe itself.
Manchester Airports Group is majority owned by the ten local authorities of Greater Manchester, with Manchester City Council owning 35.5%. The remaining nine authorities, the Metropolitan Boroughs of Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, together with Salford City Council, collectively own 29%. In 2012, it was decided that rules on shareholding would be changed to allow external, private investors to purchase stakes in order to provide extra capital for future investment and takeovers of airports. Manchester City Council would retain a controlling stake over the organisation. To raise funds for the purchase of Stansted Airport, Industry Funds Management purchased a 35.5% share in the group.
MAG owns four airports in the United Kingdom.
|4||London Stansted Airport||10,200||18,573,803||18,052,843||2.8%|
|12||East Midlands Airport||9,000||4,113,501||4,215,192||2.5%|
- "MAG Annual Report 2012-13". MAG. p. 11. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "MAG Annual Report 2012-13". MAG. p. 72. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "MAG Annual Report 2011-12". MAG. p. 72. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "Annual Reports and Accounts". Manchester Airports Group. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Airport generates £100m dividend". Manchester Confidential. 7 October 2010. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
- "Manchester Airports Group considers takeover". BBC News. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Go-ahead for £650m Manchester airport city project". building.co.uk. 21 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "Stansted Airport being sold to Manchester for £1.5bn". BBC News. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- "Manchester Airport Group confirms Stansted takeover deal". BBC News. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- Sinead Holland (28 February 2013). "£1.5 billion Stansted Airport sale complete". Harlow Star. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Southend Airport's revival gets under way". The Telegraph. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012. "It is hoped this will be the beginning of a comeback for the airport, which, during the Sixties, was Britain’s third-busiest, behind Heathrow and Manchester"
- "Manchester Airport spreads its wings". BBC News. 19 February 2001. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "Airport profits taking off again". BBC News. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Humberside Airport to be sold off". BBC News. 25 April 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- "MAG cancels Humberside Airport sale plan". Manchester Evening News. 16 December 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- "Humberside Airport sold by Manchester Airports Group". BBC News. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- Milmo, Dan (15 July 2009). "BAA debt repayment plans at risk after potential Gatwick buyer pulls out". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
- "AGMA to consider Manchester Airport restructure in takeover bid". Manchester Evening News. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "About Us & Our Airports". Manchester Airports Group. 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Stansted facts and figures". Stansted Airport. Retrieved 2012-01-18.