Manchester Art Gallery
|Manchester Art Gallery|
Manchester City Art Gallery, Mosley Street
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Sir Charles Barry|
Manchester Art Gallery is a publicly owned art gallery in Mosley Street, Manchester, England. It was formerly known as Manchester City Art Gallery. The gallery opened in 1824 and today occupies three buildings, the oldest of which, designed by Sir Charles Barry, is Grade I listed and was originally home to the Royal Manchester Institution. The gallery is free to enter and houses the civic art collection, which includes works of local and international significance.
The two-storey gallery, designed by Barry, is built in rusticated ashlar to a rectangular in plan on a raised plinth. The roof is hidden by a continuous dentilled cornice and plain parapet. Its eleven-bay facade has two three-bay side ranges and a central five-bay pedimented projecting portico with six Ionic columns. Set back behind the parapet is an attic with small windows that forms a lantern above the entrance hall.
The gallery was extended to the rear by Hopkins Architects in 2002 following an architectural design competition managed by RIBA Competitions to take in the Manchester Athenaeum, designed in the palazzo style by Barry in 1826.
The gallery houses several works by the French impressionist Pierre Adolphe Valette who painted and taught in Manchester in the early years of the 20th century and some of his scenes of foggy Manchester streets and canals are displayed. A Cézanne hangs in the same room, showing the similarity in treatment and subject between his misty French river bridge and Valette's bridge in a pre-Clean Air Act Mancunian fog. L. S. Lowry was one of Valette's students and the influence on Lowry of impressionism can be seen at the gallery, where paintings by the two artists hang together.
The museum houses The Picnic (1908), a work by the British Impressionist painter Wynford Dewhurst, who was born in Manchester.
As well as paintings, the museum holds collections of glass, silverware and furniture – including two pieces by the Victorian reformist architect and designer William Burges.
- Backhuysen, Ludolf - 1 painting;
- Borch, Gerard ter - 2 paintings;
- Brekelenkam, Quirijn van - 2 paintings;
- Jan van de Cappelle -3 paintings
- Cuyp, Aelbert - 2 paintings;
- Dou, Gerrit - 1 painting;
- Heem, Jan Janszoon de - 1 painting;
- Hobbema, Meyndert - 1 painting;
- Hooch, Pieter de - 2 paintings;
- Ochtervelt, Jacob - 2 paintings;
- Ostade, Adriaen van - 1 painting;
- Ruysdael, Salomon van - 2 paintings;
- Snyders, Frans - 1 painting;
- Sorgh, Hendrik Martenszoon - 2 paintings;
- Steen, Jan - 1 painting;
- Velde, Adriaen van de - 1 painting;
- Velde the Younger, Willem van de - 2 paintings;
- Beechey, William - 2 paintings;
- Burra, Edward - 1 painting;
- Constable, John - 1 painting;
- Gainsborough, Thomas - 10 paintings;
- Hogarth, William - 2 paintings;
- Kneller, Sir Godfrey - 1 paintings;
- Landseer, Sir Edwin - 3 paintings;
- Lawrence, Thomas - 1 painting;
- Lely, Peter - 1 painting;
- Lowry, L. S. - 4 paintings;
- Nevinson, C. R. W. - 1 painting;
- Reynolds, Joshua - 4 paintings;
- Souch, John - 1 painting;
- Stubbs, George - 1 paintings;
- Turner, J. M. W. - 1 painting;
- Valette, Pierre Adolphe - 5 paintings;
- Corot, Jean-Baptiste-Camille - 2 paintings;
- Degas, Edgar - 1 painting;
- Dughet, Gaspard - 1 painting;
- Gauguin, Eugène Henri Paul - 1 painting;
- Gellée, Claude - 1 painting;
- Mengin, Charles - 1 painting;
- Pissarro, Camille - 1 painting;
- Renoir, Pierre Auguste - 1 painting;
- Vernet, Claude-Joseph - 1 painting;
- Zoffany, Johan - 1 painting;
- Wagner, Alexander von - 1 painting
2013: Raqib Shaw
- English Heritage, "City Art Gallery (1282980)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Manchester Art Gallery, Royal Institute of British Architects, retrieved 1 May 2012
- English Heritage, "The Athenaeum 81 Princess Street (1270889)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 April 2012.
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