Manchester Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°28′08″N 2°14′24″W / 53.469°N 2.240°W / 53.469; -2.240

Manchester Central
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Manchester Central in Greater Manchester.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 89,519 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Lucy Powell (Labour Co-operative)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Manchester Central is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Lucy Powell of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

This constituency has always (since its 1974 creation) been a safe Labour seat. The current MP Lucy Powell won the seat in a by-election in November 2012 on a turnout of just 18%, the lowest since the Second World War.[2] Contrasting to this, 12 candidates stood, considerably more than the six who stood in the 1979 by-election.

Unemployment

In 2009, during the depth of the current recession, Manchester Central had at one point the second highest unemployment rate in Britain at 15%. Only Ladywood in Birmingham (20%) had a higher unemployment rate.[3]

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The county borough of Manchester wards of Beswick, Cheetham, Collegiate Church, Harpurhey, Hugh Oldham, Miles Platting, New Cross, and St Peter's.

1983-1997: The City of Manchester wards of Ardwick, Beswick and Clayton, Bradford, Central, Cheetham, Hulme, and Newton Heath.

1997-2010: The City of Manchester wards of Ardwick, Beswick and Clayton, Bradford, Central, Hulme, Moss Side, Newton Heath, and Whalley Range.

2010-present: The City of Manchester wards of Ancoats and Clayton, Ardwick, Bradford, City Centre, Hulme, Miles Platting and Newton Heath, Moss Side, and Moston.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
Feb 1974 Harold Lever Labour
1979 by-election Bob Litherland Labour
1997 Tony Lloyd Labour
2012 by-election Lucy Powell Labour Co-operative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

Manchester Central by-election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Lucy Powell 11,507 69.1 +16.4
Liberal Democrat Marc Ramsbottom 1,571 9.4 −17.2
Conservative Matthew Sephton 754 4.5 −7.3
UKIP Chris Cassidy 749 4.5 +3.0
Green Tom Dylan 652 3.9 +1.6
BNP Eddy O'Sullivan 492 3.0 −1.1
Pirate Loz Kaye 308 1.9 N/A
TUSC Alex Davidson 220 1.3 N/A
Respect Catherine Higgins 182 1.1 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Howling Laud Hope 78 0.5 N/A
People's Democratic Party Lee Holmes 71 0.4 N/A
Communist League Peter Clifford 64 0.4 N/A
Majority 9,936 59.7
Turnout 16,648 18.2
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 2010: Manchester Central[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tony Lloyd 21,059 52.7 −6.6
Liberal Democrat Marc Ramsbottom 10,620 26.6 +5.6
Conservative Suhail Rahuja 4,704 11.8 +1.3
BNP Tony Trebilcock 1,636 4.1 N/A
Green Gayle O'Donovan 915 2.3 −1.9
UKIP Nicola Weatherill 607 1.5 +0.6
Socialist Labour Ron Sinclair 153 0.4 −0.2
Independent John Cartwright 120 0.3 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Jonty Leff 59 0.1 N/A
Socialist Equality Robert Skelton 54 0.1 N/A
Majority 10,430 26.1
Turnout 39,927 46.7 +4.9
Labour hold Swing −6.1

This was the lowest turnout for any constituency in the whole of the United Kingdom

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Manchester Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Tony Lloyd 16,993 58.1 −10.6
Liberal Democrat Marc Ramsbottom 7,217 24.7 +9.0
Conservative Tom Jackson 2,504 8.6 −0.4
Green Steven Durrant 1,292 4.4 +0.5
National Front Richard Kemp 421 1.4 N/A
Independent Progressive Labour Damien O’Connor 382 1.3 N/A
UKIP John Whittaker 272 0.9 N/A
Socialist Labour Ronald Sinclair 183 0.6 −1.3
Majority 9,776 33.4
Turnout 29,264 42.0 +2.9
Labour hold Swing −9.8
General Election 2001: Manchester Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tony Lloyd 17,812 68.7 −2.3
Liberal Democrat Phil Hobson 4,070 15.7 +3.4
Conservative Aaron Powell 2,328 9.0 −2.8
Green Vanessa Hall 1,018 3.9 N/A
Socialist Labour Ron Sinclair 484 1.9 −0.5
ProLife Alliance Terrenia Brosnan 216 0.8 N/A
Majority 13,742 53.0
Turnout 25,928 39.1 −12.6
Labour Co-op hold Swing −3.9

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Manchester Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tony Lloyd 23,803 71.0 −1.7
Liberal Democrat Alison Firth 4,121 12.3 +2.5
Conservative Simon McIlwane 3,964 11.8 −4.7
Socialist Labour Francis Rafferty 810 2.4 N/A
Referendum Party Bill Maxwell 742 2.2 N/A
Communist League Timothy Rigby 97 0.3 −0.2
Majority 19,682 58.7
Turnout 33,537 52.6 −4.3
Labour hold Swing +1.5
General Election 1992: Manchester Central[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bob Litherland 23,336 72.7 +4.5
Conservative Peter Davies 5,299 16.5 −2.3
Liberal Democrat Mark Clayton 3,151 9.8 −3.2
Natural Law Vivienne Mitchell 167 0.5 N/A
Communist League Andy Buchanan 167 0.5 N/A
Majority 18,037 56.2 +6.8
Turnout 32,120 56.9 −7.0
Labour hold Swing +3.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Manchester Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bob Litherland 27,428 68.2 +2.9
Conservative Matthew Banks 7,561 18.8 −2.4
Social Democrat B. McColgan 5,250 13.0 +1.2
Majority 19,867 49.4 +5.3
Turnout 40,239 63.9 +3.3
Labour hold Swing +2.7
General Election 1983: Manchester Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bob Litherland 27,353 65.3
Conservative Dave Eager 8,868 21.2
Social Democrat Altaf Ahmad 4,956 11.8
National Front Alfred Coles 729 1.7
Majority 18,485 44.1
Turnout 41,906 60.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

Manchester Central by-election 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bob Litherland 7,494 70.7 0
Liberal Anthony Parkinson 1,502 14.2 +8.9
Conservative Stephen Lea 1,275 12.0 −10.1
Independent Labour Syed Ala-Ud-Din 187 1.8 N/A
Ecology John Foster 129 1.2 N/A
Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident. Bill Boaks 12 0.1 N/A
Majority 5,992 56.5 +7.9
Turnout 10,599 33.8 −29.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1979: Manchester Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Lever 14,117 70.8
Conservative H Cummins 4,413 22.1
Liberal GM Wilmott 1,052 5.3
National Front D Benthall 365 1.8
Majority 9,704 48.7
Turnout 63.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Manchester Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Lever 14,753 69.3
Conservative R. Jackson 4,142 19.5
Liberal P. Coleman 2,382 11.2
Majority 10,611 49.9
Turnout 53.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Manchester Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Lever 15,075 61.7 N/A
Conservative C Horne 5,071 20.7 N/A
Liberal Michael Steed 4,281 17.5 N/A
Majority 10,004 41.0 N/A
Turnout 24,427 61.8 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References