Manchester City F.C. strip
Manchester City Football Club is an English professional football club founded in 1880 as St Marks (West Gorton) and currently based in east Manchester, Sportcity near Gorton where the club originally originated. The club's main colour is a distinctive sky blue.
As St Marks (West Gorton) they played in a black strip from 1884–1887 and then in blue and white strips as Ardwick F.C. during 1887-1894. Since their inception as Manchester City Football Club in 1894, the club's main colour evolved over time into the colour of light blue and have always maintained this as the main home colour in all of their kits to date.
The club runs a series of partnerships and sponsorships with various companies. The club signed a 10-year kit sponsorship agreement with Nike in 2009. Consequently, kits were produced by subsidiary Umbro. Under the terms of the deal, the agreement would be revised every three years and it was announced in 2012 that City would switch to Nike from the beginning of the 2013-14 season. Their main partnership is with Etihad Airways with the club having a deal until 2021 which features broad agreement across many fronts unlike other football club sponsorship deals. Other partnership deals include EA Sports and Jaguar.
Manchester City is often referred to as Man City purely out of convenience as a shorter name. The club are perhaps the most known club with the title of City in their name, hence why the club are often just referred to as City. Other nicknames include The Blues, The Sky Blues, and The Citizens, which is more often used outside England.
- 1 Traditional colours
- 2 Strip
- 3 Scarves
- 4 Badge
- 5 Sponsorship
- 6 Motto
- 7 Mascot
- 8 Retired numbers
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The first use of an all-sky blue for a Manchester City shirt was the season in which Manchester City formed in 1894 changing from Ardwick. Ardwick themselves had used a sky blue and white halved shirt, complete with black shorts and socks, as part of their kit from 1890 to 1891.
Reports dating from 1884 describe the team wearing black jerseys bearing a white cross, showing the club's origins as a church side.
Red and black
A booklet entitled Famous Football Clubs – Manchester City published in the 1940s indicates that West Gorton (St. Marks) originally played in scarlet and black.
In the 1960s, Malcolm Allison, then assistant manager to Joe Mercer insisted on the club wearing red and black striped away shirts. The belief was Allison wished to replicate the colours of AC Milan to inspire his players and give the team confidence.
Strangely enough, the idea worked and in the ensuing years won the 1969 FA Cup Final and 1970 European Cup Winners' Cup in red and black and were recognised as one of the most exciting teams in English football.
The kit was revived in 2004 for one season. But when the 2010-11 season saw past City greats such as Malcolm Allison, Neil Young and Mike Doyle pass away the red and black strips were revived in the away kit for the 2011-12 season. The club unveiled the red and black away kit at the homecoming parade in May 2011 when the club paraded their first FA Cup triumph since the red and black team of the 1960s and early 70s.
Adoption of sky blue
While Manchester City have become almost synonymous with the sky blue shirt/white shorts combination in English football, the club took almost two decades before assuming the use of their classic colours on a constant basis. Indeed, when they first began playing organised football, the club selected a black strip emblazoned with a triangular cross pattée design (frequently referred to as the Maltese Cross) on the left breast. The first known use of the colour blue came in a navy blue and white striped shirt from 1887, while the sky blue was first worn with white on a half-and-half shirt design from 1890. This was followed with a white shirt with a telling return to the navy blue socks which would continue to be used into the 1950s.
It took the bankruptcy and reformation of the club, also the catalyst for the adoption of the name Manchester City F.C. in place of the previous Ardwick A.F.C., to inspire the change to the single-colour sky blue shirt and the return to white shorts in 1894, though this did not stop an experiment with off-black shorts and socks the following season. The reversion to white shorts and navy blue socks shortly after marked the end of City's colour swapping and it would be a further 65 years before another colour would find its way onto the kit - even then only in the form of a maroon trim on the socks. Since 1897, no colour outside of the sky blue/white/navy blue triplet has been used as the main colour for either shirt, shorts or socks.
Since their adoption of the sky blue shirt and white shorts, City's kit has remained a fairly uniform design, largely resisting any trends towards using vivid striping and keeping embellishments subtle. As most clubs however, the 1990s did see a period of experimentation with in-laid patterns in an era when kit manufacturers frequently attempted reinventions of kits to break up the perceived monotony of traditional single-colour designs. The 1960s saw the introduction of maroon trim on the socks in deference to the 1956 FA Cup final strip which saw City win the third FA Cup, also their fourth major honour, while the mid-70s through to mid-80s saw an all-sky blue kit in use, a combination revived in the 2006-07 and 2011-12 seasons to an unenthusiastic response, the fans seeing an all-sky blue strip to be the realm of Coventry City.
Traditional away kit colours have been either maroon or (from the 1960s) red and black; however, in recent years several different colours have been used. One of the most famous City away kits is the black and red striped shirt, reminiscent of AC Milan's home shirt. The idea for red and black away colours came from former assistant manager Malcolm Allison, who believed that adopting the colours of AC Milan would inspire City to glory. Another favourite is the 1998 navy blue and luminous yellow stripes shirt, which was used in the 1998 Division 2 play-off final. The shirt is considered lucky as Manchester City scored two late goals in stoppage time and draw the game and went on to seal a remarkable victory on penalties after extra time.
Four known special kits have been used on occasion. In 1956, Manchester City featuring players such as Don Revie, Bert Trautmann and Ken Barnes went to Wembley for the FA Cup Final in a special maroon pinstriped kit. City celebrated centenaries of both their 1880 founding and their 1894 assumption of the name Manchester City F.C. with individual kits, on both occasions reverting to using the crest of the city of Manchester in place of the club badge, as they had previously done for cup finals. The club also wore a sky blue kit without sponsorship but bearing a sewn-in black memorial ribbon on the right shoulder during the 2007–08 league Manchester derby at Old Trafford to mark the 50th anniversary of the Munich Air Disaster.
In recent years, the club has become synonymous with plain blue and white 'split' scarves which were common in the pre-1970s in football. The blue and white scarf gained prominence under manager Roberto Mancini who continued his tradition of wearing a scarf of the club's colours which he manages. Mancini first wore a scarf when taking over as manager of Manchester City in December 2009 subsequently the club sold out of the scarves.
In 2011, the red and black colours worn by City in the late 1960s and early 1970s were revived in scarf form. During Manchester City's FA Cup run in 2010-11, the club were drawn against Leicester City. City bowed to pleas from Manchester City supporters to honour Neil Young, the scorer of Manchester City's winning goal in the 1969 FA Cup Final and who had recently been diagnosed with terminal cancer. Consequently the club decided to produce special red and black scarves for supporters to take to Leicester for the third round tie. Coincidently, the red and black colours were introduced by former City manager Malcolm Allison who died earlier in the season and poignantly City won the 2010-11 FA Cup, their first since the famous red and black team of 1969.
In 2011, Manchester City decided to commission a tartan to commemorate the links between Selkirk and Manchester City where Bobby Johnstone was born. The tartan pattern will be on various merchandise for winter 2011 including a scarf.
City have previously worn two other badges on their shirts. The first, introduced in 1970, was based on designs which had been used on official club documentation since the mid-1960s. It consisted of a circular badge which used the same shield as the current badge, inside a circle bearing the name of the club. In 1972, this was replaced by a variation which replaced the lower half of the shield with the Red Rose of Lancaster.
The current club badge was adopted in 1997, the exact reason of the badge change is believed to have been down to problems copyrighting the pre-1997 badge with the club stating: "an unsatisfactory situation had developed at Manchester City regarding the licensing out of the round badge on an ad hoc basis which has led to a number of problems with counterfeit goods. This we felt was leading to a devaluing of the Manchester City brand, and consequently its badge in both the modern market and in football." however some claim this is not the true reason for the new badge.
The badge is based on the arms of Manchester City Council, and consists of a shield in front of a golden eagle. The eagle is an old heraldic symbol of the city of Manchester; a golden eagle was added to the city's badge in 1958 (but has since been removed), representing the growing aviation industry. The shield features a ship on its upper half representing the Manchester Ship Canal, and three diagonal stripes in the lower half, for the city's three rivers. The bottom of the badge bears the Latin motto Superbia in Proelio which translates as Pride in Battle. Above the eagle and shield are three stars, which are purely decorative. Reports in 2008 suggested the club was planning to add "Thai symbols" to a new crest, however as of 2010[update] the club has no intention of revising the current badge. Although the element of the eagle in the new badge design was not well received by famous City fan Noel Gallagher, "It looks like the Lazio badge with that eagle on it. The last badge had a little ship on it going down the Manchester Ship Canal and the rose of Lancashire. When was the last time you saw an eagle in Manchester?"
Manchester Coat of Arms
Whenever Manchester City plays in a major cup final or at Wembley, the club maintains a unique tradition of not wearing the usual badge; instead shirts bearing the coat of arms of Manchester City Council are used, as a symbol of pride in representing the city of Manchester at a major event. This practice originates from a time when the players' shirts did not normally bear a badge of any kind, but has continued throughout the history of the club. The coat of arms were used since the 1926 FA Cup Final to all major finals at Wembley or in European competition until the 1981 FA Cup Final.
The shield base is red with three gold bands diagonally across to the right hand side representing the three rivers of Manchester: the Medlock, the Irwell and the Irk. The top segment shows a ship in full sail, a reference to the city's trading base and to the Manchester Ship Canal. On a multicoloured wreath is a terrestrial globe, which symbolises Manchester's world trade. In the globe, bees are depicted in heraldic terms represents efficient industry and the bee is symbol seen around the city. To this day the bee is often used as a shorthand emblem of Manchester and the black and gold colour has been used in Manchester City's kit to represent the bee.
The last official acknowledgement that the coat of arms of the city council would adorn the Manchester City shirt at a Wembley or cup final was when the club released a press release in 1997 revealing their new badge, in which the club stated: "The new club crest is based on elements from the original "Arms of the City of Manchester", the badge which is still used by Manchester City PLC today and worn on the team shirt for all Wembley occasions"
The home shirt planned used in the 2011 FA Cup Final had the current badge but will have the Manchester coat of arms involved in the numbers on the back of the kit, rather than replacing the current Manchester City badge on the front of the shirt.
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
|1999–2002||Le Coq Sportif||Eidos Interactive (Video Games)|
|2002–2003||First Advice (Banking)|
|2004–2007||Thomas Cook (Travel Agent)|
|2007–2009||Le Coq Sportif|
|2009–2013||Umbro||Etihad (Airways) |
The partnership will see Etihad having naming rights to the City of Manchester Stadium, shirt sponsorship, areas in the Eastlands development named after Etihad and investment of Etihad Airways in the Manchester region. The deal has been estimated at a possible value to Manchester City from anywhere of £100 to £400 million over ten years, which takes into account the value of shirt sponsorship, stadium naming rights and naming rights for future, new developments surrounding the stadium.
Manchester City has always maintained close links to Umbro, the company being formed locally in Wilmslow, Cheshire and currently based in nearby Cheadle close to Manchester City. Umbro supplied their very first kit to Manchester City in the 1934 FA Cup Final and from 1975, the era when kit manufacturer sponsorship dawned, Umbro was City's kit manufacturer until 1997, a period of 22 years. Umbro since 2009 have been the club's kit manufacturer, after the club signed a 10 year sponsorship deal with Umbro, the value of the sponsorship was not been revealed. In 2011, the deal signed in 2008 was predicted at £6 million a year.
The deal with Umbro is set to be revised at the end of the 2011-12 season, with the deal rising to £26 million a year which is more in line with title challengers Manchester United and Liverpool who earn £30m and £25m respectively from their shirt sponsorship contracts. In May 2012, it was announced that Manchester City and Nike had signed a six-year agreement that would see City outfitted by Nike starting in the 2013-14 season.
The club currently has a shirt sponsor agreement with Etihad Airways since 2009. The value of deal was not disclosed, but the sponsorship deal is believed to be one of the largest in world football and is for an initial three years. The club has had shirt sponsorships with car company Saab, electronics companies Philips and Eidos Interactive, finance company, First Advice, as well as airlines Thomas Cook and Etihad Airways.
- Etisalat - to end of November 2012.
- EA Sports
- Mansion.com - to end of 2012-13 season.
- Jaguar Cars - to end of 2013-14 season.
- Abu Dhabi Tourism Authority - to end of 2012-13 season.
- Harvey Nichols
- Richard Mille
- Paddy Power
- Aabar Investments
- Thomas Cook Sport
- Key 103
- Hugo Boss
Like all clubs in the Premier League, Manchester City have a mascot, two in this case. Both are anthropomorphic aliens, called Moonchester and Moonbeam. The name is a play on words with Moon- named after the club's unofficial anthem, "Blue Moon" and -chester being the last part of Manchester, where the club was formed and is based. Both aliens come from the planet 'Blue Moon'.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Since 2003, Manchester City have not issued the squad number 23. It was retired in memory of Marc-Vivien Foé, who was on loan to the club from Lyon at the time of his death on the field of play whilst playing for Cameroon in the 2003 Confederations Cup.
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