Manchester Gorton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Manchester, Gorton
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Manchester Gorton in Greater Manchester in 2010.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 74,681 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Gerald Kaufman (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England
South East Lancashire Gorton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Created from South East Lancashire

Manchester, Gorton is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Sir Gerald Kaufman of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided the existing seat of South East Lancashire into eight single-member constituencies, an Act which significantly increased representation across Britain.

Historic boundaries[edit]

1885–1918[edit]

South-East Lancashire, Gorton Division consisted of the area of the Gorton Local Board and the townships or parishes of Denton, Haughton, and Openshaw. The constituency comprised an area bounded on the west by the city of Manchester and to the east and south by the county boundary with Cheshire.[2] In 1890 Manchester's municipal boundaries were extended to include Gorton and Openshaw, although constituency boundaries remained unchanged until 1918.[3]

1918–1950[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised parliamentary seats throughout Great Britain. The redistribution reflected the boundary changes of 1890, with Gorton becoming a division of the parliamentary borough of Manchester. The Manchester, Gorton Division comprised three wards of the county borough of Manchester: Gorton North, Gorton South and Openshaw. Denton and Haughton, which together had formed Denton Urban District in 1894, were transferred to the Mossley Division of Lancashire.[3][4]

1950–1955[edit]

The next redrawing of English constituencies was effected by the Representation of the People Act 1948. The Act introduced the term "borough constituency", with Manchester Gorton Borough Constituency now consisting of four wards of the city: Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme and Openshaw.[5] Levenshulme was transferred from the abolished Manchester Rusholme seat.[3] The revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election.

1955–1983[edit]

In 1955 boundary changes were made based on the recommendations of the Boundary Commission appointed under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. The constituency was redefined as consisting of the Gorton North and Gorton South wards of the county borough and the two neighbouring urban districts of Audenshaw and Denton in the administrative county of Lancashire. Levenshulme passed to Manchester Withington while Openshaw formed the core of a new Manchester Openshaw seat.[6]

1983–2010[edit]

The 1983 redistribution of seats reflected local government reforms made in 1974. Manchester Gorton became a borough constituency in the parliamentary county of Greater Manchester. The constituency was redefined as comprising six wards of the Metropolitan district and City of Manchester, namely: Fallowfield, Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme, Longsight and Rusholme.[7] The constituency was unaltered at the next redistribution prior to the 1997 general election.[8]

Boundaries[edit]

From the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies the seat has had wards (since the 2010 general election) of:

  • Fallowfield, Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme, Longsight, Rusholme and Whalley Range.[9]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[10] Party
1885 Richard Peacock Liberal
1889 by-election Sir William Mather Liberal
1895 Ernest Frederic George Hatch Conservative
1904 Liberal
1906 John Hodge Labour
1923 Joseph Compton Labour
1931 Eric Bailey Conservative
1935 Joseph Compton Labour
1937 by-election William Wedgewood Benn Labour
1942 by-election William Oldfield Labour
1955 Konni Zilliacus Labour
1967 by-election Kenneth Marks Labour
1983 Sir Gerald Kaufman Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Manchester Gorton[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 19,211 50.1 −3.0
Liberal Democrat Qassim Afzal 12,508 32.6 −0.9
Conservative Caroline Healy 4,224 11.0 +1.2
Green Justine Hall 1,048 2.7 N/A
Respect Mohammed Zulfikar 507 1.3 N/A
TUSC Karen Reissman 337 0.9 N/A
Christian Peter Harrison 254 0.7 N/A
Pirate Tim Dobson 236 0.6 N/A
Majority 6,703 17.5 −2.1
Turnout 38,325 50.5 +4.7
Labour hold Swing −1.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 15,480 53.2 −9.6
Liberal Democrat Qassim Afzal 9,672 33.2 +11.9
Conservative Amanda Byrne 2,848 9.8 −0.1
UKIP Gregg Beaman 783 2.7 +1.0
Workers Revolutionary Dan Waller 181 0.6 N/A
Resolutionist Party Matthew Kay 159 0.5 N/A
Majority 5,808 19.9
Turnout 29,123 45.0 +2.3
Labour hold Swing −10.8
General Election 2001: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 17,099 62.8 −2.5
Liberal Democrat Dr Jackie Pearcey 5,795 21.3 +3.8
Conservative Christopher Causer 2,705 9.9 −1.8
Green Bruce Bingham 835 3.1 +2.2
UKIP Rashid Bhatti 462 1.7 N/A
Socialist Labour Kirsty Muir 333 1.2 −0.2
Majority 11,304 41.5
Turnout 42.7 −12.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

Changes in vote compared with notional figures for 1997 election following boundary changes.

General Election 1997: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 23,704 65.3 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Dr Jackie Pearcey 6,362 17.5 +3.5
Conservative Guy Senior 4,249 11.7 −7.8
Referendum Party Kevin Hartley 812 2.2 N/A
Green Spencer FitzGibbon 683 1.9 +0.3
Socialist Labour Trevor Wongsam 501 1.4 N/A
Majority 17,342 47.8
Turnout 36,311 55.6 −5.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Manchester, Gorton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 23,671 62.3 +7.9
Conservative Jonathan Bullock 7,392 19.5 −3.8
Liberal Democrat Phil Harris 5,327 14.0 −7.7
Liberal Terry Henderson 767 2.0 −19.7
Green Mike Daw 595 1.6 N/A
Revolutionary Communist Miss Pam Lawrence 108 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Philip D. Mitchell 84 0.2 N/A
International Communist Mrs Colleen E. Smith 30 0.1 N/A
Majority 16,279 42.9 +11.8
Turnout 37,974 60.8 −9.6
Labour hold Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 24,615 54.40
Conservative J. Kershaw 10,550 23.32
Liberal K.A. Whitmore 9,830 21.72
Red Front P. Lawrence 253 0.56
Majority 14,065 31.08
Turnout 70.43
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 22,460 51.20
Conservative J. Kershaw 12,495 28.48
Liberal K. Whitmore 8,348 19.03
Communist M. Cowle 333 0.76
BNP L.C. Andrews 231 0.53
Majority 9,965 22.72
Turnout 67.86
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kenneth Marks 22,293 53.54
Conservative M.N. Lord 16,009 38.45
Liberal G. Shaw 2,867 6.89
National Front R. Chadfield 469 1.13
Majority 6,284 15.09
Turnout 77.19
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kenneth Marks 21,287 53.63
Conservative S. Waley-Cohen 12,423 31.30
Liberal A. Cottam 5,984 15.08
Majority 8,864 22.33
Turnout 70.94
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kenneth Marks 22,276 51.23
Conservative S. Waley-Cohen 13,300 30.59
Liberal R. Brooks 7,906 18.18
Majority 8,976 20.64
Turnout 78.35
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kenneth Marks 23,679 53.47
Conservative J.A. Kevill 17,594 39.73
Liberal J.M. Ashley 3,013 6.80
Majority 6,085 13.74
Turnout 71.90
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Manchester Gorton by-election, 1967
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kenneth Marks 19.259 45.89 -14.21
Conservative Winston Churchill 18,682 44.51 +4.61
Liberal Terry Lacey 2,471 5.89 N/A
All Party Alliance John Creasey 1,123 2.68 N/A
Communist Victor Eddisford 437 1.04 N/A
Majority 557
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Konni Zilliacus 24,726 60.10
Conservative I.K. Paley 16,418 39.90
Majority 8,308 20.19
Turnout 72.56
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Konni Zilliacus 23,895 55.11
Conservative E. Hodson 19,465 44.89
Majority 4,430 10.22
Turnout 76.44
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Konni Zilliacus 23,337 50.94
Conservative D.H. Moore 22,480 49.06
Majority 857 1.87
Turnout 82.04
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Konni Zilliacus 21,102 50.32
Conservative K.B. Campbell 20,833 49.68
Majority 269 0.64
Turnout 76.49
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Oldfield 28,763 58.02
Conservative S.H. Garlick 20,815 41.98
Majority 7,948 16.03
Turnout 82.31
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Oldfield 28,088 55.18
Conservative J. Watts 18,564 36.47
Liberal A.M. Caplin 3,377 6.63
Communist S. Abbott 873 1.72
Majority 9,524 18.71
Turnout 85.49
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Manchester, Gorton

Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Oldfield 24,095 69.05
Conservative H. Sharp 10,799 30.95
Majority 13,296 38.10
Turnout 75.53
Labour hold Swing
By Election 11 March 1942: Manchester, Gorton

Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Oldfield Unopposed
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

By Election 20 February 1937: Manchester, Gorton

Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Wedgewood Benn 17,849
Conservative A Spearman 13,091
Majority 4,758
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1935: Manchester, Gorton

Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Compton 20,039 55.86
Conservative Eric Bailey 15,833 44.14
Majority 4,206 11.73
Turnout 77.12
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Manchester, Gorton

Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Eric Bailey 21,228 55.1
Labour Joseph Compton 16,316 42.3
Communist Chris Flanagan 1,000 2.6
Majority 4,912 12.7
Turnout 81.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Seventh Schedule, Counties At Large, Number Of Members And Names And Contents Of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (C.23)
  3. ^ a b c F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London 1991
  4. ^ Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats, Representation of the People Act 1918 (C.5)
  5. ^ First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies, Representation of the People Act 1948 (C.65)
  6. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (Manchester, Oldham and Ashton under Lyne) Order, 1955 (S.I. 1955 No.16)
  7. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No.417)
  8. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No.1626)
  9. ^ Fifth periodical report - Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties, The Stationery Office, 26 February 2007, ISBN 0-10-170322-8 
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  11. ^ BBC - Election 2010 - Manchester Gorton
  12. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.